Slang Dictionary

A note from Daniel White Hodge, the editor of this page:

“This dictionary isn’t so you can try to talk like someone you’re not. But it is a good reference for those who are seeking to understand a piece of youth culture today. No … every kid doesn’t use all of these words. But this is a comprehensive list of many of the words you’ll hear, in part. Enjoy!” – Dan

A Few Slang Resources: Before you scroll down and check out our free dictionary below, you’ll want to know about a few great resources available: First, if you are looking for a good resources for TEXT slang (you know… like LOL or WTF), then check out for a great database. Second, if you’re looking to use slang to create conversations with teenagers, then you’ll want to check out this great youth ministry tool, a book called What’s a Fo’ Sheezy. This book is a great resource to anyone who wants to get a better understanding of youth culture and for anyone looking for discussion starters with kids. This book provides over 300 questions from slanguage to get kids talking, laughing, debating and thinking. CLICK HERE to read an excerpt from this book and find out more about where this slang comes from. Thirdly, check out two books written by our slang dictionary editor Daniel White Hodge: Heaven Has A Ghetto: The Missiological Gospel and Theology of Tupac Amaru Shakur (VDM Academic 2010) and The Soul of Hip Hop: Rimbs Timbs & A Cultural Theology (IVP August 2010).

This “slanguage” represents today’s culture and many of the problems that go along with it. Although much of it is humorous, a good portion of it is very offensive. Many of the words are terms for sexual activity and drug use. Many of the examples given are common quotes from youth today- these quotes, although somewhat edited, can be foul or vile (sadly, all the below phrases can be said in a PG movie). I believe this dictionary has educational value in helping youth workers understand teen mentality and culture, but please do use discretion.

‘hood scratch
1. Another way of saying marijuana. “Got any ‘hood scratch Mike?”

1. A person in the ‘hood.

1. n. an alcoholic drink: Petron Tequila. “Blame it on the ‘tron, but I’m catchin’ me a pigeon tonight!” Lyrical reference: JAMIE FOXX – Blame it on the Alcohol Blame it on the Goose
Got you feeling loose
Blame it on the Tron
Got you in a zone
Blame it on the a a a a a alcohol

1. Lesbian activity. “Watch out pardna, yo girl is 06’n with my sista!”

1. v. murder. Derived from the police call sign. This term was popularized in the film Deep Cover in which Dr. Dre produced the soundtrack and introduced a young unknown rapper at the time named Snoop Dogg who wrote the song “1-8-7 on an Undacova cop”.

2 cents
1. advice or opinion. “Ain’t nobody askin’ you for yo 2 cents!”

2 Step
1. n. A dance made popular by the song with the same name by DJ Unk & T-Pain Lyrical reference: DJ UNK/T-PAIN – 2 Step 2 Steppin lemme show you how I do this thang (thang!) Take yo left foot, put it out in the front…

1. The police call sign for a robbery.

211 (two-eleven)
1. a carjacking. Derived from the police call sign.

1. adj. Twenty-four hours a day-seven days a week. “Seven Eleven is open 24-7.”

3 Strikes
1. Highly controversial category of statutes enacted by state governments which require the state courts to hand down a mandatory and extended period of incarceration to persons who have been convicted of a serious criminal offense on three or more separate occasions. These statutes became very popular in the 1990s. “Louie got caught last night w/ some weed so you know he 3 strikes & out.”

1. n. a 304 is another term for a whore, a prostitute, or promiscuous female. It is derived from the numbers upside down on most digital instruments (clocks, calculators, etc.) spelling hoe. “Hey Justin, I saw you was tryin to get with Janet, you know that’s 304 status?”

1. Area code that encompasses most of Detroit. It’s infamous around the U.S. as being a bad area that scares most people. “I represent the 313 sucka!”

3rd base
1. A term for oral copulation on either a male or female or foreplay; sex without sex.

1. n. Information. Derived from the phone number for information. “I need the 411.”

1. see “four-twenty”

5 – 0
1. n. (pronounced “five oh”) A policeman or the police. 5-0 was derived here in Cali with artists like Too $hort, Spice 1, and NWA. It comes from the old school Highway Patrol cars which were 5.0 Mustangs back in the late 80’s and 90’s, hence the term 5-0. It was also coupled with the term used in the television show Hawaii Five-O. “Watch out! 5-0!”

8 ball
1. (n) Malt Liquor or Old English 800, a popular alcoholic drink in the hood. 2. (n) In drug terms, an eighth of an ounce.

a minute
1. A long time. Not just 60 seconds. “Dang! I haven’t seen you in a minute, girl, where you been?”

1. (Pronounced “ite”) All right

Ace Boon Coon
1. A euphemistic way of saying my ni**a or my best friend. Note: because of the use of the word ‘coon’ this is a very explosive word just like the ‘N’ word. African Americans may use it among themselves, but it is rude (and grounds for a beat down in some circles)for someone of another ethnicity to use it. In other words, it’s an ‘off-limits’ word. “Johnny and me been down since we was shorties. You know he my Ace Boon Coon.”

All days
1. 24 inch rims for a car. “Did you see Jr. on them new ‘all-days’ he got?”

all that
1. of a superior nature; wonderful or attractive. “Jaquin think he’s all that.” “That song is all that and a bag a chips!”

all up in my biznezz
1. when someone is meddling in your affairs or dealings. They are “in your business.” “Quit asking about my girl . . . why you all up in my biznezz?”

all up in my grill
1. the act of being in someone’s face. “Yo, you don’t need to be all up in my grill unless you want me to put that smack-a-lack on ya!”

all up in the kool-aid
1. v. in someone’s business. “That’s between me and Brian- don’t be all up in the kool-aid!”

1. Slang for, “You already know”. An acknowledgement like, “True-that” or “You know this” “You goin’ to the party tonight? Already.”

1. Custom made wheels or rims for your car. “I made it big in the rap game & bought a car for my ma; now she sittin’ on 20 inch anchors-readin’ about her boy in the newspapers.”

angel dust/dust
1. n. A term used to refer to PCP (Phenylcyclohexylpiperidine). “Yo, that blunt is sprinled with angel dust son… don’t hit it too hard.”

1. n. Drugs in the form of pills, specifically methamphetamines made with Anhydrous Ammonia. (Any is shortened version of the word Anhydrous.) “Hey lets go down to the mall and see if we can find any.”

1. a “netspeak” term used from one person to another to ask them their “age, sex, and location.” It is usually used in a chatting situation with someone you don’t know.

audi or audi 5.0
1. To leave or depart. Derived from a play on the way ‘outie’ sounds **Also see outie or ‘outie 5000’. “This party is weak-I’m audi 5.0 . . .” Lyrical reference: I’m Only Out for One Thing – FLAVOR FLAV & ICE CUBE

aw yea
1. Oh, yes.

aw naw
1. An expression used to express disagreement or disbelief. As if to say, “Oh, it isn’t so!” “Your man was with Jen last night.” “Aw naw!”

1. ask. “Let me ax you somtin!” Lyrical reference: TWISTA LYRICS – Razzamatazz Never ask, I ax, I get madder than Max Diggem smacks

1. Your homeboy…like a brother. 2. Some youth still use this as a derogatory term for a female, short for bit**

ba dink-a-dink
1. small rear end of a female. opposite of a ba dunk-a-dunk. “She all little, but I’ll hit that ba-dink-a-dink like it was some ba-dunk-a-dunk!”

baby daddy
1. a male, often a boyfriend or an ex-boyfriend. Most often means the father of, or someone who provides for, a female’s child. Derived from “He is my baby’s daddy. When my baby daddy get back, he’ll bust you in your grill!” Lyrical reference: JOE LYRICS – Ain’t Nothin’ Like Me Your man fiance trick ya baby daddy…

back door
1. a term meaning anal sex.

1. n. Socially conscious brother or sister; underground ‘non mainstream rap’ “Don’t bring no Lil’ Wayne to Justin’s house that fool too backpack; he ain’t tryin’ ta hear it!”

1. A term for the police. Derived from the earlier reference to police as “pigs.” “You smell bacon? Oh snap! Here comes 5.0.”

1. n. A large rear end that looks good. **Also see “junk in the trunk” or “donk” Lyrical reference: TWISTA LYRICS – Badunkadunk “All in your face when you’re at the club, Badunkadunk”

1. n. tiny little ziplock bags used to package weed and crystal meth in and distribute.

1. v. To pick up on someone of the opposite sex. “Oh, Sherri baggin’ Mark.” 2. v. To make fun of someone in jest or fun (i.e. playing the dozens, clowning, capping); to ridicule. “Rasheed was baggin’ on Dre’ yesterday so hard that they almost got into a fight.”

1. adj. To describe a location as unsafe, or high profile. Usually refers to the danger of being caught by police. “I ain’t smokin’ here, this place is mad bait.” 2. adj. To describe a person who is too young to date or have sex with. aka: jail bait “Man, you tryin to get with that girl and you know she ain’t nothin but bait'”

1. adj. The effect of smoking a lot of marijuana. To be stoned. “John’s eyes are all bloodshot, I think he got baked at recess.” Lyrical reference: T-PAIN LYRICS – I’m Hi I’m half baked like the guy on the couch…

ball up
1. An exclamation stating the beginning of a basketball game. A statement clarifying that it is time to start or resume playing basketball now that everyone is ready.

1. n. Someone who flaunts money. “Check out that baller over there . . . let’s jack his car!” Lyrical reference: CHAMILLIONAIRE LYRICS – Pimp Mode “Presidential in the Lincoln A Balla in the Beama Man…”

balled up
1. v. To get beat up and discarded like a piece of paper getting balled up and thrown into the trash. “Yo if you don’t get outta’ my grill you gonna be balled up son.”

1. v. To flaunt money. To be noticeably rich. “Yo . . .check out his Mercedes . . . he ballin!”

balls deep
1. v. A vile term that refers to when you’re making a huge commitment to something like a sport or school, or drinking or partying. The term is derived from an obvious explicit sexual description. “That dude is the best at skateboarding. Yeah man, he’s balls deep.”

1. v. to get tricked or decieved. “We’ve been hoodwinked, tricked, bamboozled! We didn’t land on Plymouth rock, Plymouth Rock landed on us!” Lyrical reference: TIMBALAND & MAGOO LYRICS – Deep In Your Memory We been hoodwinked, bamboozled, led astray,

1. Acronym for “Bad Ass Mutha F***er.”

1. n. The cheaper, brown leaf marijuana. 2. Something or someone who is NOT good or poor quality. Usually in the rural since of the phrase ‘ghetto’. “Man, that CD is bammer!” Lyrical reference: TWIZTID LYRICS – So High “I only smoke bammer if it’s carefully sifted…”

Term also popularized by the group:
R.B.L. POSSE in their song: “Don’t Give No Bammer Weed”

1. n. Any party, but especially a party where promiscuous girls may be present. “Let’s check out that bang at Jo’s crib tonight.” 2. v. to have sex. “Check out that squirrel. Ooooo . . . I’m gonna bang that tonight!” 3. v. to fight.

bang bang
1. n. Fake bootleg clothing, sneakers, jewelry and or gear. “Look at that fool tryin’ floss wit’ them bang bang bapes and monkey jeans, the tag is even upside down!”

1. adj.1- to discribe how good or intense a thing is “Yo man that new song by Tha Game is bangin!” 2. verb.-Running with a gang. (gang-banging) “I heard Jr. is bangin’ now since he’s been running with them kids on 81st street.”

1. money. Usually a lot of it. “He got bank!” Lyrical reference: TOO $HORT LYRICS – Sadity “I know you got bank You’re actin rude…”

bapes (Bathing Apes)
1. n. Sneakers designed by a popular Japanese clothing company, very popular in the hip hop community. “I just got back from the mall and I got me some bapes baby!” Lyrical reference: SOULJA BOY – I Got Me Some Bapes (Bathing Apes) Check Out My Bathing Apes
I’m Fresh To Def And You Like Me
Don’t Try To Cop My Style
Mayne Stick To Dem Nikes

1. Derived from “baby.” A term of endearment towards the opposite sex.

1. n. abbreviation for “big beautiful woman.” “Hey dog, I asked Sheila to describe herself and she put ‘bbw’. What does that mean?”

be easy
1. A plead for someone to calm down or relax. “Girl what you trippin for? Be easy!”

1. 1. n. Someone who excels in any area, but used most often used toward someone who dominates on the basketball court. “Shaq is a beast on the court.” Lyrical reference: LIL’ WAYNE LYRICS – I’m A Beast … I’m a beast…

1. Some one who is raw, the best or able to get active when needed. “You can’t get with Jordan on DJ Hero, that fool too beasty!”

1. v. A tern used in reference to having sex. “Aye yo Jonny! Sarah let me beat last night.” 2. n. Violent physical abuse. “If that fool keeps talking all that smack, I’m gonna beat his a**.”

beatin’ dem cakes
1. having sex. “I got with Juana and was beatin’ dem cakes like Betty Crocker!”

1. v. Derived from a song by Plies; becky means, giving oral sex, or “head” “I just got Becky over Dina’s crib this morning…that’s wuts up!”

1. A way of saying the word “bitch.”

1. This term came from the infamous rapper Mac Dre from Vallejo, CA. It pretty much means bitch. “That girl is such a beezy!”

1. money. Usually hundred dollar bills, hence the reference to Benjamin Franklin on the U.S. 100 dollar bill. “It’s all about the benjamins.” Lyrical reference: PUFF DADDY LYRICS – It’s All About The Benjamins “yeah it’s all about the benjamins…”

1. a skewed impression of reality. “You got me bent, I ain’t like that.” 2. to be high or drunk. “Jack got bent last night at that party.” Lyrical reference: ALANIS MORISSETTE LYRICS – Bent 4 U “I have bent for you and I’ve deprived…”

1. n. best friends “Gina and Trina are besties, you can’t pull ’em apart!”

1. n. an old school term for a girl/lady. “Man, look at that fine looking Betty” Lyrical reference: BUBBA SPARXXX LYRICS – Betty Betty “Betty, uh-uh… wassup ladies?”

1. short for Best Friend Forever

1. (Short for bisexual.)Sexual and romantic attraction and activity with individuals of both genders. “I thought Jessica was lesbian, no, she’s bi.”

1. A term used to describe a person of rude behaviour; a word used in place of the word bitch. “Sally is such a bia-tch” Lyrical reference: OBIE TRICE LYRICS – Look In My Eyes “On your bia-tch I done came too far…”

1. Someone who is curiously attracted to members of the same sex. “Sara admitted last night that she is bicurious.”

big body
1. large vehicles such as SUV’s or older model big cars. “Look at the big body caddy.” Lyrical reference: AVANT LYRICS – Six In Da Morning “out the big body SUV’s, blessed boozys…”

big dilly
1. adj. Slang term for ‘big deal’ “So what if you supposed to be holdin’ weight, big dilly; I’m still gonna charge you up next time I see you butt.”

1. Short for a hundred dollars; as in a hundred dollar bill. “Eh Mike, Jay told me he only paid six “Bills” for that car.”

1. A term for a young girl. “Look at that bird over there by the food court…I’ma go and scoop that.” 2. n. A pound of drugs; usually cocaine packaged in the shape of a brick. A brick of cocaine. “Yo, you got that bird on you.”

1. n. Another reference for a gun. (See also hammer and tool.) Lyrical reference: OBIE TRICE LYRICS – Look In My Eyes “We on the corner wit a 40 and a biscuit…”

bitch slap
1. v. to condescend someone by slapping them like a pimp would slap a ho “You better shut up or you’re gonna get bitch slapped!” Lyrical reference: LIL’ WYTE LYRICS – Talkin’ Ain’t Walkin’ “Bitch slap that sucka…”

bite it
1. v. To trip or fall down, usually hurting oneself. “Did you see Bobby bite it when he was trying to hop that rail?”

1. n. One who “bites.” Someone who copies or imitates another; a copycat. “The little biter completely took my saying!”

1. Another word for food. “Hey, let’s go get some bites.” 2. Also see “that bites.”

biting (bite’n)
1. to copy or an attemp to replicate the way another person does something. Also see “Biting Me.” “All the wack rappers on the radio be bite’n my flow.”

biting me
1. (pronounced “bitin’me”) Copying someone. Also see “Biting.” “Man you know I bought this jacket first, why you biting me?”

1. n. Short for business. “You better handle you biz and stop acting like your problems are going to go away.”

1. Code word for “bitch” and/or a female with a bad attitude. “Shelia a straight biznatch; she never give my play.”

1. A term for a water pipe. 2. Also the name for the member of the rap group Bone Thugz & Harmony.

1. v. to confront someone in the public, to openly shame somone “What’s up with Janet, she was yellin’ at me and puttin’ me on blast in 2nd period!” 2. To shoot a gun; usually in an attemp to murder someone. “Oh, boy keep talkin’ and I’m a blast at him.”

1. v. lighting up Marijuana. “See those fellas over there? They were blazin- hope they don’t get caught!” 2. Very attractive. More than “hot.” “Did you see her? man she was BLAZIN!” Lyrical reference: T.I. LYRICS – Limelight “Love to keep the reefa blazin…”

1. A term used when saying goodbye, feeling good about a friend, and or a term used to part company with someone considered family. “I’m heading out now folks…bless!”

bling or “bling-bling”
1. (sometimes pronounced “Blang-Blang”) Used to be jewelry such as silver, platinum, or diamonds and sometimes gold. Now the word expands to describe extremely expensive style of clothes, cars and general life-style. “Did you see Donald Trump’s house in The Apprentice- I’ve never seen so much bling bling!” or “Jose’s blinging it!” Lyrical reference: BIRDMAN, LIL’ WAYNE LYRICS – Over Here Hustlin’ “Bling bling king nigga, money ain’t a thing…”

1. Shining because you are wearing so much jewelry. “Check you out David, you blingin tonight.”

block baller
1. Big time dealer.

block head
1. Adj/V. A person, typically a female, who performs oral sex with almost everyone on a particular city block. “Yo man, Tina is our block head round here.”

1. A person you “chill wit.” 2. A gangsta dressed in the color red.

1. n. refers to cocaine. 2. adj. very bad. Although used as a verb, it is an adjective. Similar to “it sucks.”

blowin’ up
1. Calling someone on their phone, making it ring, (usually a cell phone). This term mostly means the ringing of the phone. “John keeps blowin’ up my phone.” 2. A term used to refer to one’s growth in fame and/or fortune. Lyrical reference: ICE CUBE LYRICS – Today Was A Good Day “My pager still blowin’ up…”

1. To be high or intoxicated when smoking marijuana. “Joey’s been getting blown all day.”

1. n. usually a cigar filled with Marijuana. Sometimes just a large “joint.” “Let’s go smoke a blunt!” Lyrical reference: DR DRE LYRICS – Blunt Time Blunt time-pull out your philly…”

1. v. Used in reference to being high or intoxicated from smoking marijuana usually in the form of a blunt (marijuana packed cigar). “Yo Son! I can’t go to work today. I’m straight up blunted.”

bobble head
1. A female who likes to give oral sex on a regular. “Man, that girl was a bobble head last night.”

Bobby Brown
1. Marijuana/weed that is not very potent or preferably good; usually brown in color, hence the term Bobby Brown. “You wanna get high Johnny? I got some Bobby Brown.”

1. adj. Something that is fake/not genuine or is bootleg. “That chain you got is bobo.”

1. v. to hog or refuse to share a joint, but keep it in your hand or hang from your mouth. From actor Humphrey Bogart’s trademark cigarettes, held in lips or hand, but rarely actually smoked. Usually associated with anything that someone hogs that is supposed to be shared. “Don’t bogart that joint dog, puff puff pass!”

1. see “da bomb.”

bomb, the
1. see “da bomb”

1. (verb) the act of a male having sex with someone. “Did Steve bone that girl?”

1. money. “Nah man, that’s bootleg. I can’t go to the movies, I ain’t got no bones.” 2. n. dominos – refers to the color and original dominos material (i.e. ivory or actual animal bone) 3. n. dice.

1. a marijuana smoking utensil. Lyrical reference: AFROMAN LYRICS – Crazy Rap “Stop and hit the bong like Cheech and Chong…”

1. wild or crazy. “She was so drunk last night she was acting completely bonkers.”

1. Your boyfriend/girlfriend. “Dat’s my boo your messin’ wit!” Lyrical reference: CAM’RON LYRICS – Me and My Boo “The figgas wit you boo, screw…”

boo boo
1. see “bootsie.”

1. An over abundance. A whole lot. Bookoo originated from the french word ‘beaucoup’ which means much or many. “Jason got bookoo beats on his website”

boom bap
1. n. A style of hip hop signified by a hard bass drum and snapping snare that is often EQed to the forefront of the beat. “I’m skilled in the trade of that old boom bap.”

boom ting
1. adj. Something or someone who is amazing, fine, cool… the best. “Did you see the VMA’s last night, it was boring till JayZ got up and boom ting!”

1. v. to steal. “I boosted these sneakers. ”

1. n. someone’s posterior. 2. see “bootsie.” Lyrical reference: GERI HALLIWELL LYRICS “Shake your bootie cutie calling feels like sex…”

1. adj./adv. Something undesirable. An inopportune or unfair situation, event, or thing. “Man, that teacher is bootsie” “Did you see his pants? Bootsie!”

booty call
1. v. to call someone on the phone and arrange a sexual liaison, usually late night, like 1:00 to 3:00 a.m. Lyrical reference: 2PAC LYRICS – F**k Friendz “I got em ready for a booty call…”

1. When one’s stomach sticks out further than their butt. “Girl, see those heffas at the Gramblin game, they all have bootydoo.”

1. adj. sexually attractive. 2. adj. voluptuous. Not too skinny– looking very attractive with plenty of “booty.” “Beyonce looked bootylicious in that outfit!”

1. An exclamation used in celebrating a victory. “Boo-Yah! I whooped you in dat basketball game!” 2. an expression added at the end of a short, insulting speech. Used like “So, there!”

1. A name to call a female who has a reputation for giving oral sex. “That girl is a bop.”

1. A female that sleeps with a lot of other girls boy friends.

boss up
1. n. to attempt to intimidate someone. “Hey dog, don’t try to come up on my block and boss up. Fool, I’m running these streets!”

1. To be in control with an attitude. Demanding and highly opinionated. Generally used for females. “Watch out for old girl, cause she’s bossy.”

1. Stuck up, high class, too good “Sarah acts bougie because her family has money.”

1. To depart or leave. “Hey Chase, this party is weak. We bout ta bounce.” Lyrical reference: TARKAN LYRICS – Bounce “Let me see you bounce…”

1. A person who often stinks, possibly with hygene issues. Derived from a creature that is known to inhabit sewage and have a frightening odor because it uses its own feces to disguise itself. “Yo son! Our room always smells like crap because we got a straight up Bowen in our class.” 2. To pass out after consuming little alcohol.

1. A term used in reference to the chamber of a pipe that holds the contents being smoked. “Aye, I’m a smoke a bowl of this herb before I head into the club.” Lyrical reference: WYCLEF JEAN LYRICS – Something About Mary “Daddy can I get a bowl? He looked at me, he says, Son, man, you’re too young…”

1. n. Your friend or some one you admire. “Yo, I’m chillin’ with my boys tonight” or “Shaq is your boy right? He got lit up in last night’s game.”

1. friend. Derived from “brother” or “bro” “What’s up brah?”

1. a term used to signify oral sex; synonymous with getting “Head”. “Felecia gonna catch something if she keeps giving brain to all these fools.”

1. n. (derived from brotha or brother) a friend or close acquaintance. “Whasup braw?”

1. n. A term in reference to money or cash. “I stay on my grind…I gotta make that bread…you know.”

breakin’ bread
1. v. Getting some food/eating. “Ay dawg, I’m bout to go break some bread, I’ll catch you on the west side at 30″.”

1. n. A female or a girlfriend. “Check out that breezy over there.” 2. n. A combination of the words broad (an offensive slang term for a woman) and easy (one who is quick to have sex with another person). The term can also be used to refer to a sexy woman who is easy to get into bed. “Nah, I aint going with ya’ll tonight. I’m chillin’ here with my breezy.” Lyrical reference: NICK CANNON LYRICS – My Rib “My misses, my world my breezy, she need me”

1. cold; as in temperature. “Turn up the heat, it’s brick in here.” 2. A term used to define a pound or kilogram worth of any drug, usually packaged in the shape of a brick. “Once I sell this brick, I’m be ballin.”

1. n. A close guy friend or relative. short for brother.

1. (Often Offensive Slang.) A woman or girl.

1. n. a close relationship between two men. Not sexual or romantic.

brown frown
1. bad weed/marijuana.

bruh bruh
1. n. A friendly exciting greeting for your close friends, hommies or brothers “Ah watz up bruh bruh bruh bruh!”

1. An accronym popularly used in texting, meaning “By The Way.” “BTW I saw your brother at the club last night with Sara.”

1. A term used in reference to the escalating excitement and or quality and quantity of something. Usually increasing the stature and or worth of that person, or item. “My album sales are about to bubble.”

bubble gum
1. n. A strain (flavor) of marijuana that actually tastes like bubble gum, very expensive. “You gone’ have to put 15 on this bubble gum or we ain’t getting’ high cause this weed is too high!” 2. n. another word for oral sex or vagina. “Jessica got that good bubble gum dog, I’m a try to chew on that!”

bubble pop
1. n. When somebody interrupts you or invades your personal space “Say dog, don’t be comin over here bubble poppin’ cause I’m a bust yo bubble!”

1. marijuana. “Let’s go smoke some bud.” Lyrical reference: THREE 6 MAFIE LYRICS – Liquor and Dat Bud “Wit that liquor and dat bud…”

1. Messed up or whacked. “Man I can’t believe she broke up with you. That’s bugged!”

1. acting strange. “Why you buggin?” Lyrical reference: TRICK DADDY LYRICS – Hold On “Hearin nothin, stayin rich but buggin…”

1. adj. really bad or aggravating. “Dad told me to go to my room. he’s so bunk!” 2. adj. something bad, boring, stupid, etc. “This town is bunk, there’s nothing to do.” 3. untrue. “He said he didn’t boost my kicks! That’s bunk!”

1. The ability to jump high, vertical abilities, up’s “Jamal gots them bunnies like LaBron.”

1. n. A popular brand of clothing, often bootlegged in the streets. “Salina look so cute with her new Burberry purse, shoes and hat that match. I’m going to the swap meet to get me some of dat tomorrow.” Lyrical reference: JAY Z – La la la Album: Bad Boys II – The Soundtrack (2005) I show you how to do this son
young don’t mess with chicks in Burberry patterns
fake Manolo boots straight from Steve Madden

burn or burned
1. To be thoroughly humiliated or insulted to the point where you cannot return with a comeback. “Fred was “burned” by his friends for admitting to liking Limp Bizkit.”

bush league
1. Someone who is below average. “Mike is so bush league.”

bust a cap
1. v. To shoot someone. **See “I’ll bust a cap . . .” Lyrical reference: 2 PAC LYRICS – Runnin On E “Shoulda seen it bust a cap and freak with…”

bust a grape
1. v. The popping of one’s testicle. “Dang, that fool just bust a grape, that’s why I don’t mess with that X-Game sh*t!”

bust down (B.D.)
1. n. A male or female (Primarily associated with Females) who will have sex with any individual regardless of attraction or that individual’s background. “Hey Jay, you better hook up with her, that’s an easy Bust Down (BD).”

bust yo grill!
1. v. To bust someone’s ‘grill’ means to hit them in the mouth or beat them up.

1. n. someone who acts thugish but is not. “Get out of my grill. You’se a busta!”

1. v. (derived from “busting”) executing an action, usually flawlessly, that takes skill. “Check out Dominic. He’s bustin’ some phatty moves!” 2. v. to make fun of them or insult them. “Yo Tisha, why you always bustin on me?”

butt hurt
1. adj. to be hypersensitive or over offended over a prank or joke. “Jenna got all butt hurt when Ray fronted on her in front of everybody at lunch today.”

butt pirate
1. n. A crude term that indicates a gay man; derived from gay sexual relations. “I don’t know about you John… you’re straight up acting like a Butt Pirate.”

1. adj. to be of good or smooth quality; like butter. “Now that’s the butta!”

1. adj. A term used when describing a girl who has an attractive body, but an unattractive face. “Ayo, Mailissa is a buttaface… everything look good but her face.”

1. n. A great looking woman who has a great body. “Yo you see that girl over there man? She is a straight C-4!”

1. Money. “If I can’t bake cake, then I’ll take cake.” 2. A large amount of cocaine, usually a kilogram worth. “I’m about to come up on cheese as soon as I’m done slangen this cake.” Lyrical reference: LIL MAMMA LYRICS – G-Slide (Tour Bus) “Shorty got cake like uh Duncan Hines”

1. A female that has a large and voluptuous backside. “Oh, girl right there got cakes!”

1. Trying to get at or “mack” someone. “Casey is always cakin on girls.”

1. A code word for sex. “I went to Jaquilla’s house last night and she gave me some of dat candy” 2. A code word for the club drug known as ecstacy. “Where did you buy that candy that you had at the rave last night?”

candy paint
1. n. The colorful shiny/glossy coated paint job on a car (usually metallic). “My ride got that brand new candy paint on it.”

1. v. To insult or make fun of.(-cappin’, -capped) “Why you always cappin’ on me? Don’t make me open up a can on you!” 2. n. To shoot someone, To put a cap in ones posterior. “I’m going to cap your [email protected]#”

1. N. A person who is subject to someone else. “Yo Man, Larry is a total cappy to John John.” 2. Someone who is a total loser. “Man that substitute was a cappy!”

cashed or cashed out
1. When you are out of money. “I’m all cashed out brah.” 2. When something is empty. “Hey, put some more weed in this bowl . . . this is cashed!” 3. when someone is high on drugs. “Yo Willy . . . I’m cashed out son.”

1. n. money. Now also a record label “Cash Money Records.” ““Why you dealing?” “Cash-money baby!””

1. A person (usually a male) “What up with that cat? He think he got luv up in here?”

catch a fade
1. To want to fight. To insinuate that a person is going to be harmed. To physically hurt or harm an individual. “Yo son, I heard you been talking a lot of smack. You ready to catch a fade?!”

1. To engage in any unlawful activities requiring legal prosecution. It is often used in reference to hurting another individual and obtaining murder charges. “I just saw my wifey with another dude and I’m about to catch-a-case after I’m through with her.”

1. Any of the wide variety of flavored coffee drinks offered at convenience stores such as Circle K or 7 Eleven that can be purchased for less than half the price of a Starbucks cappuccino. “Hey Man, I’m straight broke. Let’s hit up AM/PM and get us some cheappuccinos.”

1. marijuana Lyrical reference: PROJECT PAT LYRICS – Up There “I’m restin to dis non cheba bullashit you stressin tellin me to quit smokin dis”

1. To correct or reprehend someone. “Look brah, you need to check yo homeboy b’fore I check him!”

Check up on it
1. to jirate or press up on a female usually while dancing. “Last night at the prom, Kiesha finally let me check up on it.”

checkin out
1. going home. 2. dying. “That fool is goin’ to be checkin’ out tonight.” 3. to look at someone of the opposite sex in interest. “Check out that shorty over there.”

1. n. money “He got phat cheddar.” Lyrical reference: 50 CENT LYRICS – After My Cheddar “You’re after my cheddar (ha ha) and your friends they see it too (c’mon)…”

1. see “cheddar.” 2. Also see *sniffing cheese

1. n. a flamboyantly gay male (reference to the flaming hot Cheeto chip) “Candy, you better be careful w/ ol’ Rico Suave, he look like a cheetoh.”

1. v. smiling. “why you cheezin so big?”

1. n. getting high or drunk. “We got chewed last night, what did y’all do?” 2. adj. Someone or something that is very ugly. “Monica’s blind date was so chewed that she promised never ever ever to go on a blind date again.”

1. v. Marajuana mixed with cocaine. Smoked by way of various means, usually a blunt. “I can’t stand hanging wit’ Joey, he always smoked out on that chewy!”

chicken head
1. n. A girl, often ugly, that no guy wants. “I know you don’t like Nancy, she a chicken head fa sho.” 2. Derived from a very vile or derogatory term for a female insinuating that they give oral sex. Lyrical reference: G-UNIT LYRICS – Wanna Get to Know You “Think I’m a be chasin the checken head you own somethin. Your toes painted, hair fixed all the time…”

1. Hanging out (chillin) and relaxing! “I was just chillaxin with TJ and Brian.”

1. v. to simply “hang out” with no purpose or reason. “I’m just chillin wit my friends.” Lyrical reference: CRASH TEST DUMMIES LYRICS – Just Chillin’ “… I said I don’t like to chat. You said you smoked the big kahunas. I said I’m not like that, I’m just chillin'”

1. n. money. “Chris is stackin’ mad chips now since he got that job at the warehouse.” Lyrical reference: MYSTIKAL LYRICS – Stack Yo Chips “Mystikal Lyrics stack yo chips” (ughhhh) Stack you chips…”

1. see “chillin.”

1. v. to fall short of an intended win or goal. “Did you see Wade choke on that game last night? I just knew they were gonna win.”

1. n. Mexican gangster’s who are usually depicted by his or her (Chola) style of dress: Khaki pants, muscle shirts, flannel shirts, thick. “Hey, Mike look at all of those wanna-be cholos over there.” 2. A Hispanic gangster style of dress. “Hey Phil, why are you wearing those pants. Are you going Cholo on me?”

chop it up
1. Have a conversation “Aaight, get at me tomorrow and we can chop it up.”

1. n. To be high on drugs or drunk. “I was so chopped last night I didn’t even know that girl’s name I went home with.”

1. n. candy coated rims. “Deedee told me he ran into somebody at the swap meet selling those new choppers for $200.00… anotha’ tale from the crackside!”

1. v. When a car’s spinners (rims that keep spinning while the car is not moving)are moving very fast “I gots to get me some dubs’ cause they be choppin’ the longest when you stop at a light.” 2. v. preparing drugs. “E’ was in the bathroom choppin’ up and baggin’ up that Oooweee.” 3. Having sex often. “Come on, you really be choppin Tanisha.”

1. Selling drugs. “Dan got caught up chopping yesterday.”

1. Tight, cool, awesome, etc. “Last night I met this girl and she waz the Chron.”

1. n. Marijuana. potent, green, homegrown skunk-style bud. (as apposed to “bammer” bammer is mostly dry old leaf from lower strength imported commercial marijuana) “Yo, hook me up with some of that chronic!” 2. The state of being so addicted to marijuana, that only the “chronic” has any effect anymore. Bammer no longer gives a “high.” “Billy is out thievin again cuz he’s chronic!” Lyrical reference: DR DRE LYRICS – The Chronic “I’m blowin’ dank chronic smell comin’ out of my mouth…”

1. A phrase used as a generalized term of approval for something. Derived from Snoop Dogg. “Show up or ho’ up.” “Church.”

1. A positive response to a question; yes. “Do you like the 49ers? Chyea!”

1. Another term for the sexually transmitted disease Gonorrhea or VD. “I just heard that Marlene got’s the clap.” 2. To kill someone by intentionally shooting them. “Yo, I heard Mt. Vernon gang is gonna clap Marlene’s man.”

1. adj. Somehting that looks nice, cool, or is tight. “Did you check out that low-rider? Yo, it was clean!” 2. adj. Having stopped using drugs, or music that contains sexual or vulgar language.

1. adj./n. Tacky, country or considered backward. “What’s up Cletus?”

1. v. to hit someone, usually knocking them in the head. “Brian you betta chill wit’ that or I’m going to straight up clock you in your grill!”

clock or clocked
1. To get hit by someone. “Dude got clocked!”

1. v. to make fun of someone. “Man, you tryin to clown on me?”

1. A cocaine addict. Old school term from old N.W.A song.

1. v. to be able to perform under extreme pressure. “Did you see LaBron hit that winning shot in the last second? Fool that was so clutch!”

1. Describing a $100 bill. “I’ll give you a c-note for that iPod.”

cocaine (or crack)
1. A drug extracted from the leaves of the coca plant. A potent brain stimulant and one of the most powerfully addictive drugs. Distributed on the street in two main forms: a white crystalline powder or as “crack” – cocaine hydrochloride that has been processed with ammonia or baking soda and water into a freebase cocaine, chips, chunks or rocks. Other slang names used are: Blow, Coke, Nose Candy, Snow, Rock, Flake, Big C, Freebase, Lady.

This information was obtained from Please also see their website for more information.

cock block
1. n. a term often used as a label for a person who gets in the way of a person who was about to make progress with someone of the opposite sex. “Why did you have to be such a cock block and interupt us yesterday! I was about to get her number!” 2. v. to interupt when someone is “spitting game” with the opposite sex

coke bottle
1. A really nice woman’s body; voluptuous. “Wow! She has a body like a coke bottle.”

come thru
1. to go to someone’s house or pass through their turf. “Yo, me and my boys are gonna come thru later.”

1. n. the bowl of a bong where marijuana is placed in to smoke. “All I need is a cone and I’ll be stress free for the rest of the night.”

1. cool.

1. n. as spoon or bottle cap used to cook down drugs like: meth, coke, or heroin. 2. n. a person who cooks down the drugs.

1. if you don’t know what this means, please exit now.

cool wit dat
1. I’m o.k. with that.

1. n. slang for jail. “Jason was slippin in the game and gotta go to the cooler for a minute.”

1. relaxing. see *chillin’

1. n. A term used to refer to something that is cool, tight; typicaly used as a one word response and not in the course of a sentence.
“Aye Jake, did you peep his car…?” “Yeah…” “Coolio.”

1. v. To obtain or acquire something. “I need to cop that new Kanye West CD.”

crack (or cocaine)
1. A drug extracted from the leaves of the coca plant. A potent brain stimulant and one of the most powerfully addictive drugs. Distributed on the street in two main forms: a white crystalline powder or as “crack” – cocaine hydrochloride that has been processed with ammonia or baking soda and water into a freebase cocaine, chips, chunks or rocks. Other slang names used are: Blow, Coke, Nose Candy, Snow, Rock, Flake, Big C, Freebase, Lady.

This information was obtained from Please also see their website for more information.

1. happening; been going on. “Hey dude, what’s crackalackin’?”

1. n. A white person

1. n. Crystal Methaphetamine low in purtiy and crushed into a powder, lacking potency. “Nobody buys from Rick cause he be serving that cheap ish; that crank.”

1. To act or be completely crazy. Or an object or thing that is crazy. “Trevor was cray-cray last night. He scared the heck out of me!”

1. n. cash, or money; a term made popular by Method Man and the Wu Tang Clan. “Don’t trip son, I got that cream.” Lyrical reference: Cream – WU-TANG CLAN/METHOD MAN Cash rules everything around me,
Get the Money Dolla Dolla bill yall.

1. v. When a person is “sneaking around”, cheating on his or her boy/girlfriend. See “trifflin”

1. n. a house. “Let’s go back to my crib, I got a lil’ sum- summ’m for you.”

1. adj. References new or current clothing. “My man just got the crispy Lebron James sneakers.”

1. “see krunk.”

crush (ing)
1. n. a term used to describe someone finding another person very attractive and desiring to be with them. “Aye yo, Johnny has been crushing on oh girl from the mall all week.”

1. adj. Ugly, gross or nasty. “I can’t stand it when people come to school with a cold, lookin’ all crusty and mess.”

crystal meth
1. a very pure, smokeable form of methamphetamine. A powerful and extremely addictive man-made stimulant. It is similar in appearance to ice or glass chunks. It is colorless and odorless. Is usually smoked but can sometimes be snorted or injected. Slang term sometimes used: “ice”

This information was obtained from Please also see their website for more information.

1. n. To be in a serious relationship, or to be committed to. “What up wit Brenda, you cuffin that chick?”

cup cakin’
1. v. To flirt with or to display ‘puppy love’. “Now since Gerrid is in the 5th grade he always cup cakin’ with Trina.”

Cupid Shuffle
1. n. A song and type of two step dance. This song and dance craze was founded in 2006 in Lafayette, Louisiana by an artist by the name of Cupid. “Let’s get on the floor and do the Cupid Shuffle.” Lyrical reference: CUPID – Cupid Shuffle come on, and do the Cupid Shuffle

1. n. A song on a record. “Hear that song by 50 Cent?” “That’s the cut!” 2. n. A place in the hood. “Where you at? Chillaxin in the cut.” 3. v. To put down or insult. “Don’t cut me or I’ll steel you in da grill!” 4. Having well defined muscles.

1. v. having sex.

cuttin’ up
1. To make fun of someone in a fun manner.

1. a title for a friend or family member. “Michael is my cuz.” 2. a gang term for Crips “Whut up cuz?”

d’ oh
1. An exclamation one uses to comment on foolish action.

1. Dayton Rims. Expensive custom rims for cars. “I just got a new cadillac and I think that I’m going to throw some d’s on it.”

1. male genitalia. derived from “di#@”

1. short for down low. See “down low.”

da ‘hood
1. The “neighboorbood” or refering to a certain side of town. “Meet me in da ‘hood at 7.”

da bomb
1. n. A mid nineties term for the best. A great thing or situation. “That CD is the bomb!” “His corvette is the bomb!” “This place is the bomb!” Lyrical reference: DMX LYRICS “Shorty was da bomb…”

1. n. Good marijuana or weed. “Let’s go smoke some dank.” 2. adj. very good. “That’s some dank weed.”

1. that.

dat go
1. Slang for “that’s really cool” or really nice. Also see “go hard.” “Hey, dat car go!”

1. n. a title for your friends, see “homie.” 2. a guy who goes with all the girls, even if he has a girlfriend. A tramp. “Jimmy’s such a dawg! Look at him over there with those hoochies.”

dead presidents
1. money. “Ever since I started workin this job I’ve had mad dead presidents to spend.”

1. to steal. See “jack.” Derived from the character in the movie “Friday”, who steals from all of the neighborhood people. “I’m gonna deebo Mom’s credit card.”

1. A term used to refer to a large group of people in a specific location. “Yo everyone wants to roll tonight… we’re gonna be like 30 deep when we dip to that party.”

1. a slang word for a guy receiving oral sex. “All I wanted was to smoke that herb and get the derb.”

1. n. A general term used to refer to a guy that a female views as extremly attractive and is constantly thinking about. “I can’t stop thinking about that guy we met at the mall… he’s a total derek.”

Dick Cheney
1. v. to look out for ones own interest at the expense of others; to selfishly prioritze ones own gain despite the possible consequences. “Yo, don’t do buisness with Mark… He be Dick Cheneying fools.”

1. Someone’s phone number. “Aye Shorty, let me get your digits.”

1. What’s the deal or What’s up? “Yo son, what the dillio?”

1. A bag of marijuana, usually worth ten dollars. (A ten dollar bag of drugs was called a “dime sack.” Five dollars is a “nickel bag.” “Dub sack” is used for $20.00 bags. 2. A good looking female. Also see “dime-piece.” “On a scale from 1-10 she is a dime.”

1. n. a good looking female. **See “shorty.”

dip out
1. v. to leave. “Hey Bobby, I’m gonna dip out.” or “Man, he dipped out of there FAST!”

dip set
1. n. A nasty girl. “Gina don’t think about nothin’ but how many boys she can jump. She ain’t nothin’ but a ‘dip-set’.”

dirty brown
1. bad weed/marijuana.

dirty Sprite
1. n. A drink, which is made from Sprite, candy, and prescription medications such as cough syrup with codeine, or even crushed pain killers, is used by many teenagers to get high.

1. v. (derived from “disrespect.”) To disrespect. To insult. “Yo . . . why you dissing me?”

1. see “dawg”

doggin’ on
1. being mean or cruel. See “baggin'” “Kion, why you doggin’ on me?”

doin’ laundry
1. v. Code word for having sex. “Lisa wants me to come over and spend some time doin’ laundry so don’t call me till later dude.”

Don’t hate.
1. To say don’t make fun of, to tell to be nice, something random to get someone’s attention. “Jon, don’t hate on me.”

1. A large, round shaped and very full booty or butt. See “badunkadunk” “Did you see her big o donk?”

1. n. Typically a ghetto female who is wearing out of style clothing; particulalty jeans. 2. A term for those who wear fake jewlry & or fashion. “Look at Nancy, she still think Fubu is cool! Damn she a doo-doo-mamma!”

1. adj. Late 80’s verbage, still used in some arenas for something good, excellent or appealing. See also “tight” or “phat.” “Check out his dope ride.” 2. marijuana.

1. v. to put the liquid form of LSD (acid) on an object that can be deliberately put on someones tounge or skin. This is usually done on small pieces of paper, but sometimes this is done to food items. When a food item that has been dosed is ingested, the person experiences intense hallucinations(referred as an acid trip). “At the Dead show some one dosed some licorice and passed it around.”

1. to be part of a group or friendship. Committed to “watch their back.” “No worries Chris. You know I’m down.” 2. agreeing or assenting with. “I’m down with whatever you decide.” 3. to be engaged in an activity. Also the current status or happening. “Man we gettin’ down with a couple freaks in an e-class.” “I’m fin to tell you waz down with J.D. and Misty.”

down low or D.L.
1. Secret, keep it a secret, not public information. “Jesse just broke up with Stacey . . . keep it down low.” 2. A secretive homosexual relation. Usually between men. “I don’t talk to Tywann anymore cause he act too soft: I think he on the down low.”

dragon, the
1. Bad breath. “Yo, you got any gum? I got the dragon, man.”

1. n. something that is very cool, stands out, totally awesome. Adopted from those who paint and design custom made cars when a car is freshly painted it looks wet and ‘candy paint drippin’. “Duece came in the club last night with those new J’s; they was drippin!”

1. Adj. A short term for weed/marijuana. Derived from the longer term “HyDROponically grown marijuana,” meaning “homegrown” pot; pot grown indoors in hydroponic chambers, which regulate light, humidity, and temperature. Typically a higher, more pure quality brand of weed than that found elsewhere because of its “organic” manufacturing. Lyrical reference: Holidae In – CHINGY Get a 12-pack of Coronas, and a ounce o’ ‘dro, ya know

1. adj. very attractive or desirable.

1. to hit somone, usually knocking them out or to a state where they don’t want to get up. “I’m about to drop that punk!” 2. to take a pill, mainly Ecstasy. “Are you gonna drop that pill?”

1. v. to be knocked out resulting in one falling to the floor. To be hit with enough impact that one falls. “I know you aint talking to me like that…don’t get dropped.”

dropped the dime
1. to tell on someone. “Man, he dropped the dime on Tommy.”

1. n. Going for a period of time without something you really want (usually referring to sexual activity). “Look how Tracy and Jay hanging out again…you know that drought must be over.” 2. n. When a certain drug is in limited supply or unavailable in your city or hood. Price’s are much higher. “Dang fool. You jus’ paid $250 for an ounce! The hood is in a drought fo real!”

drunk dial
1. when a person makes a phone call, usually late at night and when intoxicated, and embarasses oneself, or shares information that they will later regret.

dry hump
1. v. an old school term that still means to having sex with clothes on (two people, usually making out, becoming arosed rubbing against one another)

1. n./adj. A degrading term that means full luscious lips; an acronym for D**k Sucking Lips. This term is often used by teens as code so that adults will not know what they are referring to. “Did you see her? She had some serious DSL’s.”

1. Code for “Down to F**K.”

1. 20 inch chrome rims or wheels.

dub sack
1. a $20 bag of marijuana (which amounts to about 1.9g or 2g with the baggie) or $20 worth of drugs.

1. (pronounced doobee) A marijuana cigarette.

1. money. “Yo dawg, I ain’t got no duckets. Hook me up!”

1. n. A term to informally address an individual. 2. An exclamation used when something is astonishing or amazingly cool.

1. a 22 pistle (gun) “You betta call a truce b’fore I pull out the duece-duece and get loose.” 2. 22 inch rims (for your car) “Demarcus just got paid and he bought some new tires to go on his duece-dueces, now his whip is gonna be tight!”

1. n. slang for saying ‘peace’ I’m out (dueces represents the peace sign you make with two fingers). “It’s getting late I’m out, deuces.”

duk sick
1. a code word for oral copulation on a male. “Dave in the back with ol girl getting’ his duk sick.”

1. A term that is used instead of the word “son.” Like “son,” this word is used as a term of endearment. (A style of language derived from Queensbridge, NY, in which a word’s first letter is replaced with the letter “D.” This form of language is mostly used with the word “son.”) “Aye yo, Dun! What you been up to Dun?”

1. n. An old Chevy car, usually a Capri or an Impala. A stylish after marketed vintage car that is currently popular. “Yo, I’m just ridin’ in my dunk.” Lyrical reference: TRICK DADDY/DUNK RYDERS – Naked Hustle Remix dunk riders dunk ride or die (yeah)
bizzle blow one n**ga (yeah)

1. Is the fusion of sports and music inspired by the cultural aesthetics of urban style, fashion, and attitude. “He has a dunkadelic style to his game.”

1. adj. Old, worn or dirty. “You’ve been wearin’ those jeans all week, they’re lookin’ real dusty.”

1. n. term for marijuana joint or a blunt. Comes from ‘Dutch’ Masters cigars whose tobacco where the inner tobacco is replaced with marijuana. “I gotta go to the store n’ get a Dutch so we can roll up this kush.”

1. n. Term used for the drug “Ecstasy.” Sometimes called “X” “Lets go score some ‘E'”

ease up
1. means calm down or back up.

1. Good bye. Also see “late” or “peace” “I’ll see you later. Easy!” 2. A person who is quick to have sex or is easily influenced into having sex. “You Johnny, you better get at her; she’s easy.”

1. n. e-class is a very nice type of Mercedes Benz. 2. n. even though an e-class is a Benz, in some circles, they’ll refer to a really expensive car (i.e. Mercedes, Bently, Rolls Royce, BMW) as an e-class. “Homie ridin’ e-class.”

1. a synthetic drug with amphetamine-like and hallucinogenic properties. It is classified as a stimulant. It comes in tablet form that is often branded (i.e. Nike swoosh, Playboy bunnies, etc.) Other slang names used are: Adam, E, Roll, X, XTC.

This information was obtained from Please also see their website for more information.

1. Short term for Fu*K; pronounced “F” “Oh eff, I forgot to wake up early!”

eight ball
1. A term that refers to 1/8 ounce or 3.5 grams of methamphetamine or coke. “Big Homie, where can I come up on an eight ball?”

1. v. to leave or depart. “Say bro, we ’bout to elevate; you wanna go with us or stay here?”

1. Someone acting in a suicidal or depressed way. comes from “emotional”. Originaly derived from the punk/hardcore style of music called ’emo’ “Everytime Jr. gets drunk he start goin’ emo on us, huggin’ us & sayin’ that he love us…””

1. money or cash.

1. Meaning great or amazing or with grand proportions. “That performance was epic!”

epic fail
1. If a fail is a fail in life, then an epic fail is a fail of giant proportions. An epic fail can also refer to a task that is meant to be easy, but still wasn’t carried out properly.

1. A term used to describe ones irratation with someone or something. “I can’t stand when he comes around; He really erks me.”

1. v. Originally used by gang members as a code word to kill someone. “Manny was about to fade that fool till he realized that he grew up with his big brother.” 2. adj. When you’ve just got embarrassed or put down. “Look at your shoes fool…fade!”

1. To exhibit the intoxicating effects of a marijuana or alcohol. “Dawg, pass the spliff so’s I can get faded.”

1. A fail is a fail in life. It can be anything from falling off your bike, walking into a glass door or overcooking your holiday dinner. Fails can also happen online if you write on someone’s Facebook wall by accident, for example.

1. Not true. “Stop falsing!”

1. n. Family, friend or someone you’re closely connected to. “Hey yo, what up fam?”

1. a marijuana joint. 2. a big posterior on a female. “Check out the fatty on her.”

1. Facebook official, in regards to your relationship with someone else. When two people become “Facebook official,” they are publicly declaring that they are officially together or “going out.” “Did you hear that Mike and Christy are FBO?”

1. against the law, or not right. “Yo, I ain’t stealing that money, that’s federal!”

feel me
1. v. to understand or affirm. “I’m about to smack you up for tryin to front on me in front of my peeps, you feel me?”

1. v. (derived from “fixin”) Getting ready to do something. “I’m fi’n to tell you what’s up wit Sheila and Snoopy.”

1. adj. A description, “fu**ing idiot.” “D.J. got caught trying to steal shoes from the swap meet… he’s a fidiot!”

1. needing, like an urge. “I’m fiendin fer some cigs right now.”

1. Very good looking. “Dang that girl is fine.”

1. going to. See “fi’n” “Son, I finna bust a cap.”

1. Extremely good. Often referring to marijuana and food. **Also see “on fire.” “Man, those tacos are fire!”

fish bowl
1. To fill an enclosed space with marijuana smoke.

1. adj. wearing very nice, trendy clothes. “I stepped into the club fitted like a motha.” 2. n. a baseball cap that is made without an adjustable strap; designed to ‘fit’ the head of the owner. “All my fitteds match my kicks… Pardna, my wardrobe is tight!”

1. A numerical amount–fifty. Five counts of ten. “There was fitty of dem.”

five on it
1. Term used to imply that the person either has a nickel bag of weed to contribute, or is willing to pitch in 5 dollars toward the purchase of marijuana. Lyrical reference: I Got Five On It – LUNIZ Album: Operation Stackola

1. Another way of saying that someone is a fool. “Malachi is such a fizzle.”

1. n. an unreliable person, someone who can not be depended upon. “I wouldn’t ask her for anything. She’s flake.”

1. v. yelling at someone, usually in front of others. “What’s up?” “My mom was just flashing.” 2. v. attacking someone in a fit of rage.

1. flavor, exact meaning. “You know the flava?”

1. To beat someone up or use physical force to hurt them while displaying muscles like a wrestler “Keep on talking about my Momma and I’ma’ flex on you!”” 2. To display your power or skill with intensity. “Did you see Cappa flex on the mic yesterday on 106 and park?” 3. To depart or go away. “Hey this party is weak man, let’s flex.”

flip it
1. v. To purchase drugs or anything for a lower price than what you sell it for; usually making double the profit. “Yo I just bought an ounce of that sticky icky… now I’m gonna flip it, then go and get two more ounces and flip that… yea.”

1. n. A flop is when a planned event doesn’t end up happening. A flopper is someone who often cancels last minute.

1. v. show off ones belongings or wealth. Often while driving, showing your vehicle, its nice rims, your new jacket, etc. “I just hung a right on Main St. Now I’m just flossin’.”

1. A rapper’s ability to rap and rhyme both skillfully and competently. “Did you hear him? He had a sick flow.”

1. adj. to have a lot of money (rich like a royal flush). “I’m flush dog; I don’t have to run these streets for doe.”

1. Something that’s really cool. “That movie was so fly.”

fo fo
1. a 44. pistol.

fo rizzle
1. For Real. “That new Canye’ West single is bangin’ fo rizzle.”

fo sho
1. For sure “Hey Mike, you gonna be there?” “Fo sho!” 2. Yes. Absolutely.

fo’ real
1. derived from “for real.” Meaning yes, that is very true. “Mrs. B. give us so much #$%^ homework!” “Fo’real!”

fo’ rizeal
1. See “for real.”

fo’ shiggidy my weeble
1. Another term for saying, “for sure my friend.”

fo’ shizzle
1. (often used with “Fo’ shizzle my nizzle”) For sure. (see “nizzle” for it’s definition.)

1. Completely drunk or high, usually enough to barely walk at all. “Me and Kat got folded last night after the party!”

1. n. (derived from fool) a friend. “Whasup foo?” 2. an insulting name for someone. “What you lookin’ at foo?”

for sheezy
1. (derived from “for sure”) A statement of agreement. “Are you sure you want to go to ice cream?” “For sheezy!”

1. adj. flamboyant, very dramatic or attempting to be spectacular. (***History behind the word: The slang alludes to a Vietnam-era G.I. slang acronym for a particularly bad combat situation, which stands for “Fu*^ed Up, Got Ambushed, Zipped In.” “Them ni*^as over on the north side is a bunch of fougazie bi*^ches; we keeps it grimy over here on the south side.”

four-twenty (4:20) (420) (4-20)
1. n. Commonly known as the time to smoke pot. It has come to mean everything from the act of smoking, the stuff that’s smoked, and the optimum smoking time. Because 99% of today’s culture DOESN’T know what 420 means, it has become a code people use to identify and talk with each other without outsiders knowing. Also known for the date, April 20th, which is the day to smoke pot all day, “the hippie holiday.” Most pot smokers use 420 for just that, but, this date also happens to be Hitler’s birthday which most possibly connected to or resulted in the selection of the April 20th date of the Columbine tragedy. Note: I get a large amount of emails trying to correct me, saying that 420 is actually the California police code for possession of marijuana. Sorry- but that’s an urban legend. Here are the facts straight from the LAPD: “There are several codes of law in CA that dictate drug offences. The Penal Code(PC) and the Health and Safety Code(H&S;). Most of the drug offences are covered by the H&S.; There is no 420 H&S;, there is a 420 PC and it is “Preventing entry onto Public property”. We sometimes have codes that the dispatcher uses on the radio to let us know what kind of call we are going to, but it usually is the same as the code section. Here are some of the Marijuana charges: 11359 H&S; Possesion of MJ for Sales 11360(A)H&S; Sales of MJ 11357(B)H&S; Possesion of less than 1 oz of MJ

1. n. genetically modified food.

1. a term used to cover up a person’s name that you don’t want to know you are speaking or writing about them. 2. a type of coffee drink made by mixing instant coffee with water in a shaker. Also, any iced coffee drink.

1. n. a male or female that gets around. “J.T., quit parlayin with that freak and let’s roll!” 2. v. To copulate.

1. n. An old school term referring to someone who looks good, feels good, and or puts out a vibe that is cool or really together. Made popular by many 80’s rap groups particularly The Fresh Prince a.k.a Will Smith. Term used mainly by people over the age of 28 from a Hip Hoppers worldview. “Man, those new shoes are fresh!”

friends with benefits
1. n. a description for a type of relationship where friends enjoy casual sex with no strings attached. Purely recreational sex. “”I saw you coming out of Gina’s apartment this morning. Are you guys friends with benefits now?””

1. Lying. Trying to be something you’re not. The act of being fake. “Man, don’t be frontin’, you know you messed with Kiesha last week!”

1. n. removable gold or platinum teeth jewelry. Also known as “golds” or “grillz.” Very popular in the south. “I went to the mall last night and got some new fronts. Check ’em out.”

1. adj. Another reference to jewelry or diamonds. “Look at Ebony’s frozen ears. She has some nice earrings.”

1. an acronym which means “F**k the World”.

1. very ugly. Derived from [email protected]*ing ugly.

1. n. (derived from “Gangster”) A name for anyone you would associate with. A name when greeting a friend. “Whasup G?”

G – money
1. More than just a “G.” (see “G”) A term for your friend or acquaintance, usually someone who is good at what they do. See “money.”

g’d up
1. To look good.

1. N. A slang term derived from the sleek and stylish multi-million dollar G-6 Gulf Stream twin engine jet to describe sleek and stylish items. “Yo, you see my new sneaks? They’s G-6!”

1. to steal.

1. God bless.

1. A man’s conversation, specifically his attempts at wooing females. “Marcel, she ain’t going to go out with you. You got no game!” 2. A male’s whole presence; his conversation, and how he presents himself. “Did you see Jay over there? He’s got game.” 3. Awareness and involvement in activity, usually used in reference to selling drugs. “Stay strapped when you make that money cause the game is no joke.”

1. n. A gangster. One who acts, dresses and talks like a gang member. “Jesse, what size are those pants? 45? You look like a gansta!” 2. For something to be nice or cool. See “tight.” “Yo, that outfit is gangsta.”

1. “gank” is to steal or take without permission. Same as “jack” and used the same way. “He ganked that hat from da mall.”

gassed up
1. v. To be hyped up and encouraged to think more of one’s self than needed; to be pumped up provoking arrogance and cockyness. “Aye, Jay’s new girl gots him gassed up, like he’s ish or something.”

1. n. A gun (derived from Gatling gun). This term came of age during the late 80’s when rap groups such as NWA used the term for guns. *Although this term is not widely used anymore, it still bears stating as it has had use and could be still in circulation in certain contexts. “Paul, you didn’t tell me you was strapped! Why you gotta have a Gat?”

1. To stare at someone. “Look, he be gawkin’ at you.”

geeked up, geeker, or geek
1. n. A Geek/Geeker is a drug addict. To be Geeked Up means to be very high on drugs. “Jules was so geeked up on that white that he pissed on himself right in front of everybody…that’s why I just say no!”

1. n. The action a person under the influence of crack cocaine “Man look at dat crack head geekin & lookin all crazy!”

get at me
1. v. A call for a response or reply from another individual. “Aye yo if your boy got beef tell him to get at me.”

get down
1. To engage in the activity at hand well, with distinction and excellence (fighting, partying, dancing, sex). “That fool want to scrap, then let’s get down.”

get off
1. a term that implies sexual arousal.

get washed
1. v. Term meaning to get taken over, often used in the context of violence like getting jumped or even in the context of drugs like getting drunk or high. “Johnny messin’ with them ballers from the East Side and gonna get washed if he ain’t careful.” Lyrical reference: HIEROGLYPHIC’S – All Things (Album: 3rd Eye Vision 1998) All things, ain’t, what they seem
You’ll get washed; even if you’re way too clean

get your swerve on
1. To get drunk, to drink, or to otherwise become intoxicated from either alcohol or drugs. 2. To get into a rhythm. To achieve a positive momentum. When playing basketball, if your team does well you can use this term for how you performed.

gettin ya’ roll on
1. v. To look good while driving an expensive vehicle. “Man, did you see Big Woo? He getting’ his roll on.” 2. To ‘strut’ or show off your style

gettin’ buck
1. Getting wild and loud. Generally associated with krump dancing. “Last night Jannie was gettin’ buck on the dance floor all night.”

getting georgia
1. v. Term meaning to oral sex. Referring to the Georgia Dome (another slang for oral sex is ‘dome’) thus, the hint ‘getting Georgia. “Hey did you get some Georgia from that chick last night?”

getting ghost
1. To take off or leave a place. “All those guys are getting ghost.”

getting the hook up
1. Receiving more than you could have even wanted from a given situation. “Billy, check out this stereo system your dad gave you . . . you got the hook up!” 2. Being joined in a relationship with the person you wanted or starting a relationship with the opposite sex. **See “hooking up.” “Mark likes Jen . . . Jen is getting the hook up.”

getting the mack on
1. When someone is in the act of macking (see “mack”). “Check out Billy with them chassies . . . he’s getting the mack on!”

1. adj./adv. 1. Something undesirable. “That place is ghetto.” 2. Something excellent. **See “ghetto fabulous.” 3. Saying or doing something you don’t have to. Like hanging your clothes on the balcony when you have a dryer they can be put in.

ghetto bird
1. n. A police helicopter. Known as the only thing that flies in the ghetto.

1. Adj. having a pseudo-rich look or lifestyle without real wealth to sustain a rich lifestyle. “Did you see that Honda tricked out lik an e-class? Now that’s Ghetto-fabulous!”

1. v. (derived from “gigging”)Dancing. 2. A generic verb used for an assortment of activities. Usually the form of “to be.” “I’m just giggan it here with my friends.”

1. A man who is in a continuing sexual relationship with a woman and receives financial support from her. **See “man-ho”

1. Someone with red hair and or pale skin; someone to be thought of as “soft” or easy to beat up on. “Yo man, them two gingers over there need they as* whooped.”

give it up!
1. A request to please applaud for something. “Ladies and gentlemen, give it up for . . .”

givin’ up the gold
1. When a female gives up her virginity before the right time, usually before marriage. “Girl, why you given up the gold . . . you gonna be bankrupt later!”

1. A gun (9 millimeter automatic pistol) “Keep lettin’ that lip pop and I’ma let my glock stop all yo plots.”

1. When a guy is putting on the moves or trying to get a girl to go out with him. “Anton is G-macin on that breezy.”

go down
1. a slang term which refers to oral sex.

go hard
1. To show off or display skill with great intensity “Man I can’t wait to get back on the court I’m a go hard on all of y’all.” 2. Very cool “I like that song from lil wayne; that beat go hard than a mug.”

1. n. Street term for speed. “Hey don’t mess around with Alex; that fool is on that ooey goey.”

gold digging ho
1. n. a female that is trying to use you for your money. “I’m going out with Shirley tonight.” “Why you going out with that gold digging ho? She’s always trying to get up in your wallet!”

1. Marijuana; or drugs. *Although this term is not widely used anymore, it still bears stating as it has had use and could be still in circulation in certain contexts. “That’s my boy, he got dat good for ya dog.”

1. A sexual term that describes anything that the opposite sex has that turns you on. This can range from Hugs and kisses to private sexual parts. “I bet you want the goodies.”

1. n. A gangster, a very obnoxious and independent person, usually someone who is from the streets. “You know why Corey always gets into a fight when he goes to the park; cause he’s a crazy a** goon.”

1. Homie, like a good friend. *Although this term is not widely used anymore, it still bears stating as it has had use and could be still in circulation in certain contexts. “Yo, thatz my goonie right there.”

got got
1. When someone is caught trying to do something shifty or on the sly, like checking out another girl while holding hands with your woman. If you get caught looking at the other girl by your woman you “got got”!!

got the dragon
1. to have bad breath.

1. n. Money (derived from the idea: gouda is a type of cheese) “In tha Bay they call it guap, but in the valley we call it gouda; whatever it is, we gotta make that money!”

1. n. money. “Hey Mom, hook me up with some grain.”

1. n. marijuana.

1. v. To eat or graze like a cow. “It’s so embarrassing to hang out wit’ Donna at lunch cause girl be greasin’.”

1. n. A term referencing money due to its color. 2. n. A term referring to marijuana because of its color.

1. A term used to describe a group of unattractive large women. (See also landmines: a term used to describe thin unattractive females…these two terms are often used together.) “Yo, that party got nothing but grenades up in there!”

1. n. a person’s teeth or smile. “Man, you better shut up or I’ll bust yo’ grill!”

1. A nasty look. A facial expression meant to give off unfriendly vibes. Derived from the term “grill” which refers to one’s teeth. “You betta stop grillin’ me.”

1. work. hustle “I got’s to stay on that grind and make some paper cause it’s hard out here for a pimp.”

1. n. money. “I’ve got mad grip from slangin’ all that yayo.” 2. n. to have a lot or a bunch of. “He’s got a grip of cheddar.” 3. A long time. “I haven’t talked to you in a grip!”

1. n. nasty, gross or disgusting. *Although this term is not widely used anymore, it still bears stating as it has had use and could be still in circulation in certain contexts. “Did you see Alma’s grody toes when she took her shoes off?”

1. v. to grab someone sexually, usually inappropriately

1. adj. Grown up. “I don’t know why he was kissing your little sister… he’s grown.”

1. n. a woman who is thought of as strong and aggressive, especially in her approach toward men and her sexuality.

1. n. lots of cash. (See also “gwap.”) “Shawty did that pop and lock; had to break her off that guap.” Lyrical reference: T-PAIN/FLO-RIDA Shawty did that pop and lock; had to break her off that guap.

1. n. An expensive brandname for fashion and accessories; like Prada or Fendi “My baby daddy got me this gucci bag girl, I don’t know where you think I got some extra money from.” 2. adj. A ghetto term for something nice. “I don’t know what you talkin’ bout, John John’s new Hyundai is gucci than a mithi-ficki.”

1. a word that expresses confusion or annoyance; the new ‘duhh’ “Don’t be lookin’ at me guh…are you gonna hit that j or what?”

1. Sam as “cappin” on someone. When you’re “gunnin”, you are making fun of someone or something. “Dude was gunnin’ on your ride(car).”

1. v. Getting drunk or high. “Gurp session at Shay’s crib this Saturday; brang yo $5 or you don’t get in.”

1. n. eyeliner that is worn by a guy.

1. n. a wad of money or cash. (see also “gwap” or “guap”). The term was used in the film “State Property II” by rapper Baby Boy.

1. n. a wad of money or cash. (see also “guap” or “gwalla”) “Tikki just got paid a gwap for picking up the trash in Mrs. Johnson’s yard.” Lyrical reference: T-PAIN/FLO-RIDER Shawty did that pop and lock; had to break her off that guap.

hack or hackin’
1. To make fun of someone, or to insult, or correct him or her repeatedly. Usually a fun-loving term between friends. “Why you always gotta hack on me?” 2. To get hit or fouled in a basketball game.

1. Going Ham/went ham- means getting overly angry for no reason. “Cousin, you know you ain’t all mad cause somebody looked at you wrong, you goin’ ham over that?”

1. A term in reference to a gun; derived from the metal hammer discharge that ignites the explosion of gun powder thrusting the bullet out of the barrel. “Homie recognize I stays posted with them hammers.”

1. A large bottle of alcohol; usually a half gallon worth. “You want me to make you a drink? I got that handle left over from the other day.” 2. One’s email or onling address, name or title. 3. A term that refers to a player’s capability to control the ball in a basketball game.

1. N, Adj, V. A person who is tough and rugged; can fight well. “Tye know how to fight, damn he hard!” 2. An erect penis. “I stay hard in my math class cause my teacher so hot.” 3. Good sex. “I hit that hard last night.”

1. v. derived from “hating.” To do bad things or say bad things to someone. To express dislike. “Why you gotta be haten on me?!!”

1. A hater is usually someone who feels anger or jealously towards another person because of their success.

1. A male receiving oral sex. “Matt told mike that Jessica gives real good head.” Lyrical reference: Artist: Too-Short; Album: Get In Where You Fit In; Song: Blow Job Betty “She’s the kind of girl you think about in bed. Blow Job Betty givin’ real good head.”

head shop
1. n. A store that sells smoking accessories, often frequented by people who smoke marijuana or tobacco. “Meet me behind the head shop and I’ll sell you this new bong w/ some goodies.”

1. people. “Yo, there was mad heads at the six joint.”

1. cops. 2. a gun. “Watch out for John, he’s strapped wit’ heat!”

1. a gun. “”I ain’t trippin’ off these fools, anybody act up I’m gonna pull out the heater and blaze it up.””

1. see “hella.”

1. see “hella”. Examples include: “Hecky yea.” or “Hecky naw”

1. adv. used in conjunction with another word as an intensifier. As if to say “very.” Derived from “A hell of a lot of . . .” Examples include: hella-cool, hella-stupid, hella-crazy, or hella-funny. “I called your name hella times, but you didn’t come.” “That’s because I had hella fun last night.” 2. adj. extremely large quantities “He had hella cash!”

1. Refers to an individual being arrested, jumped and or caught in any series of negative situations. “Aye, the po-po had Freddy hemmed-up around the corner.”

1. (“pronounced “erb”) marijuana.

1. a highly addictive drug derived from morphine, which is obtained from the opium poppy. It is a “downer” or depressant that affects the brain’s pleasure systems and interferes with the brain’s ability to perceive pain. It is a white to dark brown powder or tar-like substance. It can be injected into a vein or injected into a muscle, or smoked in a water pipe or standard pipe, mixed in a marijuana joint or regular cigarette, inhaled as smoke through a straw, known as “chasing the dragon,” snorted as powder via the nose. Other slang names used are: Big H, Blacktar, Brown sugar, Dope, Horse, Junk, Muc, Skag, Smac.

This information was obtained from Please also see their website for more information.

high roller
1. Someone who is wealthy and usually drives a nice car and dresses top end. “Yo, Mike’s uncle is straight up high roller.”

1. H.I.V. “Homey got the high-five from the skanch queen.”

1. adj. A term used to describe someone who is snobby, arrgogant, or stuck up. “Man, I tried to talk to ol’ girl and she high-post!”

1. adv. to act as if you’re better than those around you. “Did you see Yolanda high-sidin’ when she was in front of the Teacher today? She think she all-o-dat.”

1. n. a musical genre from Ghana which combines elements of American-style hip-hop and the Ghanaian pop genre known as highlife. “Ko Ko used to be into crumpin’ but now he into hiplife.”

hit ’em up (hit them up)
1. v. To aggressively and at times violently approach and ask someone where they are from; to find out if the person(s)are from any particular gang or crew. “Aye Tone, go hit them fools up.” Lyrical reference: 2PAC Grab your glocks when you see 2pac
Call the cops when you see 2pac, Uhh
Who shot me,
But, your punks didn’t finish
Now, you ’bout to feel the wrath of a menace
Nigga, I hit ’em up

hit it
1. v. to have sex. (see also “hit that”) “Joey goin’ to hit it tonight.”

hit me up
1. v. To contact someone, usually by phone. “Joe said, “Rhonda, you gonna hit me up right?””

hit that
1. To have sex with someone. (See also “hit it” or “tap that”) “When you gonna let me hit it?”

1. A hooker or a hoochie, although sometimes more promiscuous than a hoochie, and therefore undesirable. “Yo G, look at that ho!”

ho – monga
1. n. A term used to describe a guy who keeps more than one girl. “Tyrell, you’s a straight up ho-monga.”

hob knocker
1. n. a person who masturbates in public restrooms. “OMG, did you hear about that hob knocker at the mall yesterday? He straight got caught…nasty!” 2. n. someone who hits others in private parts. Often used for insulting someone. “Jason is a straight up hob knocker; he’s always fighting dirty!”

hold me down
1. A term used to describe watching someone’s back, defending or representing them,or having their back. “Aye, when those chumps come through looking for me, you gonna hold me down, right?”

hold somthin
1. Asking to barrow money. “Let me hold somethin, you know I will pay you back.”

hold up
1. (pronounced hole up) A phrase used to get someone to wait, as if to say “Wait, hold on a second.”

1. n. possession of drugs that are ready for sale. “I’m holdin’; so let me know if you wanna get at me.”

1. v. to communicate to someone, usually via phone or email. “Hey, don’t forget to holla back youngn.”

1. v. To talk trash in exaggerated terms or to lie on someone. “All y’all ni**a’s that’s been hollin’ on the Stealers got’s to eat it now cause they just won the Bowl baby!”

1. When you act like you are better than or too good for someone. “Since Sarah moved away from the hood she now acts so hollywood.”

home skillet
1. friend.

1. A way of acknowledging a good friend. “Waz up Homeslice?”

1. n. Old word (derived from the Hispanic Americans who used “homes” as a label for others) that means friend or companion. “Whasup Homie?”

1. n. A female who is promiscuous by nature. A female who grants sexual favors easy. *See also “hooch” or “hoochie mama.” “Let’s go mack on them hoochies over there.”

hoochie mama
1. n. More than just a hoochie. A hoochie of hoochies. Someone who excels in all the qualities of hoochidom. “Yo . . . you ain’t nothin but a hoochie mama!”

hook me up
1. A request for assistance, usually seeking some sort of material or financial gain. “Oh . . . Ding Dongs . . . come on man, hook me up . . . let me mack on one of them!”

hook up
1. v. see “hooking up.” Also used as noun as in “the hook up.” See “getting the hook up”

hooking up
1. v. Often, this can mean purely recreational sexual activity with someone who is just a friend. Anything from gentle touching to intercourse. “Me and Tish were just hooking up for some fun in my Honda.” 2. v. starting a relationship with opposite sex.

1. basketball. “Hey man let’s go shoot some hoops.”

1. n. A 1972 Oldsmobile or car of the like. An old beat up car. “Here comes Billy in his hooptie!”

1. n. loaded down car. “Check out my partner in his hoo-ride.”

1. the ability to jump high. “He has hops.”

1. n. To have to face the consequences of being involved in a disastrous or negative situation. “Dang homie, your girl caught you with Jasmin, your straight up hosed.”

1. Mad or angry. 2. Stolen. “I’m not buying that, it’s hot!” 3. Dangerous. “It’s hot up in here!” 4. Good looking.

hot box
1. A term used to refer to the smoking of marijuana inside a car with all doors and windows closed so that all the smoke is kept inside the car. Usually done with the expectation of getting higher or more intoxicated. “Aye Rigo, let’s hot box your car.”

hot mess, A
1. 1. To look really bad!

hot minute
1. Fast or quick. “I’m just gonna run in the store, it’ll take a hot minute.”

1. Something that you think is cool. “Man, that game is hotness.”

1. very good. “That ollie you just sprung was mad hott dude.” 2. stylish. “That jacket is hott!”

1. used to describe good looking guys or girls. “Check out that new kid, he’s a hottie!”

1. See “in the house.”

1. To be very badly beaten at something, whether sports or a fight or a rhyme battle. “The Celtics got housed last night.” 2. to get extremely drunk, high, or wasted. “We got housed last night at Tomeka’s bang.”

1. n. Bad or cheap marijuana/weed lacking the necessary toxins and or chemicals that produce a strong high or intoxication. “Aye, I hope you didn’t buy that huff from Joe again.”

1. adv. ragged, torn down or run down “Hey dogg, you need to get some new kicks cause’ them shoes is ‘hulled out.’”

1. adj. Curves on a woman (breasts and hips). Used in the Black Eyed Peas’ song “My Humps.” “Keandra grew up over the summer break. She packing humps now!” Lyrical reference: BLACK EYED PEAS – My Humps I’ma get-get-get-get-you drunk, get you love drunk off this hump.

1. n. A hundred dollars – usually refers to one hundred dollars worth of weed “I ain’t got no change man, all I got is a hundo so we gonna have to sneak on the bus.”

1. adj. A person, place, or thing that is messed up, very ugly, and or dirty. “Man, that bum over there is hurt!”

1. v. To make money or gain a profit by selling something usually through the use of a scheme or trickery to insure persuasion. “Check it out homie; I stayz on my hustle.”

1. Marijuana that is grown indoors. “Yo, you got some hydro?”

1. a rumor blown out of proportion. ie: not true “Don’t believe the hype about Rhonda. It ain’t true.” 2. very good. See “live.” “Dogg, this party is hype!”

1. Getting Hyperactive. ‘getting hyphy’ is an emerging style of music and dance originated in the San Fransisco Bay Area. To dance, rap or act wild and hyperactive “Check out Keak Da Sneak up on stage, he about to ‘get hyphy wit it’.”

1. n. An alcoholic drink made of a mixture of Vodka, Cognac and Sprite or tropical flavors. “I got shorty bent last night off that Hypnotiq.”

I’ll bust a cap in your #$&?!! (posterior)
1. To shoot someone (not necessarily just in the gluteus maximus). “Man, you best stop mad dawging me or I’ll bust a cap in your #$&?!!”

I’m out
1. (derived from “I’m out of here”) Something to say when leaving, as if to say “I’m out of here.”

I’m straight
1. to declare that you are all right in your current state of being, as if to say “I’m cool,” or “I’m good already.”

1. jewelry, bling, usually just diamonds. “Man, I’m about to jack that ice he’s got on.” 2. A veriation of the drug meth.

iced out
1. wearing a lot of jewelry “Check out all that bling-bling, you’re iced out!”

1. n. short for “I don’t know” “What is home girl’s name over there, cuz idk?”

1. v. cool, in style.

1. n. anyone who is not well educated or informed about a specific subject.

1. An acronym that stands for “I love you.” Used mostly in text messages. “Call me in 2 hrs, I’m at the movies…ily.”

1. An accronym in reference to “In My Arrogant Opinion; often used during texting or as secret code. “I think her outfit was funky imao.”

in the cut
1. n. A designated location of saftey and or relaxation; usually secluded. “I’ve been looking for you all day homie, where you been… My bad I was chillen In the Cut.”

in the heazy
1. See “in the house.”

in the house
1. not in an actual house but at a present gathering or location. “My man Will’s in da house!”

1. n. the compulsive desire to get the latest news, or any information, especially via computer or cell phone.

inked up
1. v. Getting tattoo’d “Did you see Camron? He just got inked up last night.”

1. A term used to replace SH*T; usually referring to something or a series of events. “Man, I’m tired of all this ish.”

it’s all good
1. Something said to express that everything is under control and fine. Usually rebutting an accusation. “Justin, are you trying to thieve some of my CD’s?” “No man . . . quit trippin’! It’s all good!”

it’s real
1. See “It’s all good.” “For all the hata’s, it’s real.”

1. n. meaning marijuana. “Let’s go smoke some jaba.”

1. (v.) to steal. Originally derived from “car-jack,” although, now pertains to stealing anything. “Check out his new walkman…let’s jack it!” 2. n. Another reference to a telephone. “I just got off the jack, waiting for him to call me back.”

1. v./adj.Thoroughly annihilated. Messed up. “Man, the barber jacked up your hair. Billy, what happened? Your car is jacked!” 2. Stolen. “Billy, what happened to your car, did it get jacked!” 3. Can also mean very influenced by marijuana. “D’ja see T? Man, is he jacked!”

1. A female who is really attractive but under age. “Hey, check out that jail-bait.”

1. “see “janky””

1. adj. old or broken. In bad shape. “Billy, we ain’t taking your janky old car to the prom!”

jaw u
1. v. To hit someone in the jaw. “You betta give me 50 feet or I’ma jaw you dog!”

1. A term popularized on the East Coast (particularly Philly) to mean almost anything about life, love, places, things; New Yorkers also use the term. “Yo, you see that car over there? That jawn is tight!” or “I was at this party and saw this cute jawn.” or “You was at Alisha’s jawn last night?”

1. Having sex (most likely but not limited to the inside of a jeep). *Although this term is not widely used anymore, it still bears stating as it has had use and could be still in circulation in certain contexts. “I was jeepin’ last night with Jason and my head kept getting knocked into the dome light.” 2. Rollin’ in a cool Jeep; profiling in a nice Jeep. “Four wheel cowboy jeepin’ down Santa Fe.” Lyrical reference: C.W. MCCALL – Four Wheel Cowboy Four wheel cowboy
Jeepin’ down to Santa Fe

1. n. tight fitting, stretch jeans for women. The word is really just a combination of the two words “jeans” and “leggings”.

1. n. a gigolo; someone who’s got the hook up with the ladies. “Yo, wussup jigga?” 2. n. a word that rappers called each other on the radio because they weren’t allowed to use another word.

1. hot, attractive, sexy.

1. v. another term for joking around and or making fun of someone in a playful manner. “After the game, on the bus ride home, we was all joaning on each other about our mammas.”

1. (pronounced “Jockin”) Oldschool term for trying to become the girlfriend of a guy. Flirting. “Michael! Watch out for that gold diggin’ ho Sabrina; she’s jockin you!” 2. To copy someone. For example, if someone is wearing the same shirt as you, they are “jockin'” you.

1. Old term for a marijuana cigarette; to smoke a joint. “He smokin a joint, lemme hit dat!”

1. To have Respect and credability resulting in having influence with someone; being able to influence the course of a situation and its circumstances. “Don’t trip, i’ll fix this; I got juice with them.”

1. To get drunk or hammered. “That kid is so juiced.”

jump off
1. n. A girl exclusively used for sex, with no hassel or strings attached. (*See also “My jump off”) “You see her right there… shes about to be my jump off.”

1. v. to be beat down and attacked by a group of individuals. “If that fool keep talken smack, he’s gonna get jumped by those dudes around the way.”

1. A guy’s genitals. “Tom just got kicked in the junk.”

junk in the trunk
1. n. A large rear end that looks good. **Also see “badunkadunk”

1. n. Juvenile Hall; children’s prison. “T.J. was caught trying to steel some blunts at the store and got sent to juvie again!” 2. n. A boyfriend or girlfriend who is generally younger than you. “Y’all ho*’s better not f*^k wit my juvie cause he’s hot and he don’t wanna loose me.” Lyrical reference: MAGNOLIA SHORTY – That’s My Juvie Y’all ho*’s bet not f*^k wit my juvie
Cause he hot and he and he don’t want to loose me

keep it 100
1. n. To tell the whole truth, keepingit 100% valid and true. Also “Keep it hun’ed” “Alright man, keep it 100. Why do you be taking those long showers?”

keep it real
1. a phrase used to say goodbye. Just as if to say, “peace.” “I gotta go Brian.” “Okay. Keep it real.”

1. n. Very close friend. The word derives from the old show, The Lone Ranger. Kemosabe was the nick name given to the Lone Ranger’s side kick Tonto. “I gots love for Hashim. That’s my kemosabe”

kick back
1. v. to relax and take it easy. “Man, we fixin’ to kick back and watch this game at the pad.” 2. Calm down. “Yo Mike, quit trippin’, kick back foo.”

kick game
1. see spittin’ game.

kickin’ it
1. v. To relax, usually with ones friends. To merely exist, usually with no work involved. “Where are you going Billy?” “Just kickin’ it with my friends!”

1. shoes.

1. The very best that there is. “Dude, that wave was so killa!”

1. To do something that is really annoying or distracting to someone. “Man why you killin’ my swag now?”

kimbo sliced
1. v. To completely beat someone up; to severly injure and hurt another person. A term derived from the famous street fighter “Kimbo Slice” that always unbelievably beats challengers up.

klepto (or klepto’d)
1. To steal something small. “I klepto’d her lipstick.” or “I’ll klepto it for ya.”

1. n. People who heat up knifes and burn marijuana instead of using a pipe or a bong. In the cannabis culture, knifers are a method of smoking marijuana. It involves heating up two flat surfaces, usually butter knives on a stove, then sandwiching a small amount of marijuana between the two hot knifes, causing the marijuana to either vaporize or burn almost instantly. Because the temperature can be lower than combustion techniques such as using a smoking pipe or a bong, the resulting process can more efficient as THC is destroyed at relatively low temperatures. “Dawg, I ran into these knifers who showed me how to vape this weed & I got tore up!”

knocked out
1. asleep. “Yo Jerry is knocked out!”

1. A term used to enthusiasticly refer to music that is very loud; and having lots of bass. “Dang Homie, those new speakers in your car be Knocken!!!”

1. n. a grip or wad of cash. “I always got a fat knot fool, what’s up you wanna go get some eats?”

1. Adj/V. 1. A term for oral sex. “I’m going to that party so that shawty (See Shawty/Shorty) can get me that knowledge.” 2. A term for acquiring great wisdom and information and its practical application. “Felicia is deep, she kickin’ real knowledge about life.”

1. One’s business. **See “all up in the kool-aid.” “Why you always gotta be gettin up in my koolaid Boo!” 2. Someone’s stuff. “You better get up outta my koolaid, or I’m ganna bus a cap in yo a**!”

krump dancing
1. v. ‘krumpin’ ‘getting krump. A form of dancing that originated in the African-American community of South Central Los Angeles, California and is a relatively new form of the “Urban” Black dance movement. Check out the movie Rize to see what krumpin’ is about. “Nancy was krumpin’ last night and turned the whole party out.”

1. adj. Wild and exhilarating. Taking it to the next level of excitement or fun. “That party last night was krunk as hell.”

1. A weakness. “Boy, that girl is my kryptonite.”

1. n. A stand of marijuana. “We only smoke that kush… that presidnetial sh*t from George Bush.” Lyrical reference: LIL’ WAYNE – Kush Yeah, and we smoke that kush
Yeah, that kush
Yeah, and we ball like swoosh
Yeah, like swoosh [x2]

1. v. trivial theft “Dude, he just kyped that black nail polish from Hot Topic!”

1. see “blunt.”

L 7
1. Another way of calling someone a square or a nerd. Derived from text messaging- it looks like “a square.” “Man that dudes an L 7.”

La La
1. A term for marijuana. “Smoke that la la.”

la la land
1. n. a fanciful state of mind or dream land. Also can refer to Los Angeles.

1. A word to describe something or someone that is no good, worthless or that you just don’t like. “Joe is one lame basketball player.”

1. A term used to describe thin unattractive females. (Can also be used in conjunction with the term “grenades.” For example: Last nights dance had nothing but grenades and landmines, dang!) “5th period gym class got nothin’ but landmines.”

1. (derived from “later”)Something to say when leaving, as if to say “I’m out of here.”

1. A term for the Police. “Cool out nephew, them laws is coming around the corner again.”

lay the smack down
1. See “smackdown.”

1. marijuana.

1. a drink made of promethazine and codeine mixed with Sprite. Originally founded in Houston, TX, but made popular by Lil Wayne. “Aye yo son, im sippin on that lean.”

learn you
1. to teach someone a lesson. “Boy, I’m gonna learn you!”

let’s bounce
1. Something said when it is time to leave. Let us leave the premises now.

let’s roll
1. a phrase used to express that it is time to leave. See “let’s bounce.”

1. To fire up or fire shots. To commence. “Da boi was charged up wit adrenalin’–licked 3 shots in the head and did him in…” 2. drunk or high “I’m licked Dogg.”

lick, the
1. the best. “Man, those new shoes are the lick!” see “the bomb.”

light some trees
1. smoking marijuana.

like a boss
1. To do something really cool or well. “Zach can sing like a boss.”

1. Essentially, a lipdub is a music video done in one take with a variety of people singing along. A lipdub may not be as common among all teens, but a lot of libdubs have been popping up on the Internet.

lit or lit up
1. Refers to being drunk or high.

1. very good. Usually a place – the place to be. “You coming to Jimmy’s party Friday. It’s gonna be live!”

1. n. Another texting and secret code accronym in refference to “laughing my a** off.” “When Jessica fell in that puddle I LMAO.”

1. a “netspeak” term used to say, “let’s meet in real life”.

1. Latino slang for loco (crazy). Often used as a term of endearment like holmes’ or fool’ or the n word. “Wat up loc; you rollin’ wit us or what?”

1. n. a person who eats only (or mostly) locally grown or produced foods.

lock up
1. To fight. “You keep talkin’ smack and we’re gonna to lock up.”

1. n. To dominate in an area of expertise or to have a location completely reserved whereas no one can take your position or space. “Pit got it locked from the brews to the locker.” Lyrical reference: PITBULL’S – I Know You Want Me (Calle Ocho) Six to the clock on the way to the top uh,

Pit got it locked from the brews to the locker

1. an acronym for laugh out loud.

1. see “down low.” “slang for sunglasses.” 2. Yo, I’m about to run to the mall and scoop up som mo’ lo-lo’s.

1. n. money, cash usually in large quantity. “I finally came up on that loot to cop that ride I’ve been wanting.”

low it
1. v./ adj. To forget about it or to forget something; to let an issue go. “That judge was trippin’ with me, but I’ma low it.” 2. Short for, allow it.

1. To hit someone hard enough to cause a lump or bruise. “Yo, you better step off before I lump you up!”

1. acting crazy, hyper, not of the norm; funny. “That dude is lunchin.”

1. marijuana.

1. alright. A little above mediocre. “Do you like that youth pastor?” Yea, he’s M&M.;”

1. n. text code for motherf*#^er; you begin with “m” (for mother) then 10 (for the next 10 letters) followed by “r” Often used in texting, also seen as ml0r “I can’t believe this m10r… he’s gonna give us a pop quiz today!”

ma duke
1. n. slang for mother “You can cap all you want, just don’t talk about ma dukes or it’s gonna be on dog.”

ma or mami
1. a female, usually Spanish or Puerto Rican. Usually used in a pick up line. “Hey ma. You lookin’ good tonight.”

1. v. To steal or take advantage of. “Yo . . . free pizza? I’m going to mack on some of that!” 2. To make a pass at someone or try to get sexual favor. Male flirting. “Quit mackin on them bootsie-lookin hoochies over there!” 3. n. Someone who “macks.” See “playa.” ““Check out Jesse over there with them chassies . . . he thinks he’s the mack!””

1. adv. an adverb that means to have a large amount of. Extreme. See “mad hops” or “mad skills”

mad dawg
1. v. (pronounced “mad dog”) To stare someone up and down from head to foot as if to initiate a fight. “You best not be mad dawging me boy . . . I’ll bust you up!”

mad skills
1. an incredible ability to jump high.

making cookies
1. having sex. Usually used as a code term to warn friends not to come by and interrupt.

man up!
1. a term used to suggest to a friend or otherwise to not be a wuss about a certain issue. Frequently used when talking about beer drinking. “Ugh, my stomach hurts…I can’t drink tonight.” “Man up and drink some beers!”

man, the
1. n. a policeman. “Watch out! It’s the man!” 2. a guy who is extremely cool. “Thanks for the hook up. You’re the man!”

1. See gigolo.

1. n. a brief one piece swim suit for men with a t-back. (almost looks like a wrestling suit).

1. The most often used illegal drug in the US. A product of the hemp plant, Cannabis sativa. It can be smoked in a cigarette called a “joint” or in a water pipe, called a “bong,” or can be mixed into food or brewed as tea. Other slang names used are: Aunt Mary, Boom, Chronic (Marijuana alone or with crack), Dope, Gangster, Ganja, Grass, Hash, Herb, Kif, Mary Jane, Pot, Reefer, Sinsemilla, Skunk, Weed.

This information was obtained from Please also see their website for more information.

1. To chill or relax. “What’s up Mike? Not much, just marinating.”

1. Anyone identified as an easy target, or “sucka.” Also can be someone who is soft, a sell-out or a wimp. “Doug is such a mark.”

Mary or Mary Jane
1. Marijuana. (Please also see our definition for “marijuana”.) “Do you know Mary? Do you know where I can find Mary?”

mean muggin
1. v. When someone looks hard at you or passes on a dirty look as if they’re ‘hating on you.’ “Man, dude was mean muggin when he fount out you was makin’ cookies wit his ol-G.” Lyrical reference: B.G.’s MOVE AROUND – I Am What I AM Album: Heart of the Streetz, Vol.2, 2006 I hold it down, never bound, out of state thuggin’
I don’t be trippin when the haters go to mean-muggin’ (muggin’)
I keep a strap in the hand so I keep stuntin’ (stuntin’)

1. v. to beat someone to death, to abuse or kill someone. (Also, murkage, murkism) (See “murk”) “Keshawn keep on acting like a punk he gonna get merked hanging w/ them fools from the East Side.”

1. Shortened term for Crystal Methamphetamine, a very dangerous drug.

1. an addictive stimulant that strongly activates certain systems in the brain. It is a crystal-like powdered substance that sometimes comes in large rock-like chunks. It can be taken orally, injected, snorted or smoked. Other slang names used are: chalk, crank, croak, crypto, crystal, fire, glass, meth, tweek, white cross.

This information was obtained from Please also see their website for more information.

1. A term used to describe mid grade or “ok” weed/marijuana. “Yo, that weed we got from Reggie was mid!”

1. A very foul term for someone’s mother that is very attractive. The word is an acronym for a “Mother that I’d Like to Fu**”

1. adj. a female’s sexual appeal. Derrived from Kelis’ song ‘My milkshake is better than yours’. “Janice got that milkshake that make everybody wanna get wit’ her.” 2. Also as a reference to vaginal discharge.

1. n. a person who looks a lot like another person only they are smaller or younger.

1. A long time. Not just 60 seconds. “Dang! I haven’t seen you in a minute, girl, where you been?”

1. n. street name for the drug Ecstasy. “Jason ain’t nothing but a tweaker; I swear he’s in love with Mitzi!”

mob (or M.O.B.)
1. v. To leave or depart in a hurry with many people. “Thangs is getting crazy like something’ bout to jump off, man we bout to mob out.” 2. n. An acronym meaning: Money Over Bit%&’es made popular by 2pac. “I keeps my attitude at M.O.B. status; it’s just pimpology baby, just pimpology.”

1. n. Short for mother f***er; often used by kids around their parents or adults who are opposed to vulgar language so that they are not understood while using it.

1. adj./adv. Right on the mark. To be excellent. “Yo . . . Billie . . . you are money” “Billy is our leading scorer on the team. He’s the money.” 2. a name you call your friend. See “g-money.” “Yo money, check this out.”

money long
1. n. to have a lot of money; ballin, or rolling in dough. “Don’t get it twisted, my money’s long.”

1. n. A girl’s genetalia.

muffin top
1. n. a person who has fat that hangs over their jeans (usually tight jeans) like the top of a muffin. (Also see “skank fat”) “Check out that muffin top over there flirtin with James.”

muffin’ stuffin’
1. v. having sex. “Yo imma be stuffin that muffin tonight.”

1. Face. Derived from mug-shot.

1. n. a person who is not familiar with a specific activity or skill.

1. n. A word used to refer to money, usually in large quantities. “As soon as I come up on some mula, I gonna cop me a new ride.”

1. v. to beat someone to death, to abuse or kill someone. (Also, murkage, murkism) (See “murk”) “Keshawn keep on acting like a punk he gonna get murked hanging w/ them fools from the East Side.”

1. Mushrooms have hallucinogenic principles (psilocybin or psilocyn). Psilocybin is similar to serotonin, and produces its effects by disrupting normal functioning of the serotonin system. They can be eaten or brewed in tea. Other slang names used are: caps, magic mushrooms, shrooms.

This information was obtained from Please also see their website for more information.

my bad
1. a phrase said to admit guilt in a situation. “Oh, that’s not your grandma, that’s your mom? My bad!”

my nizzle
1. A Euphemism for nig***. A name you call your close friend. (although, white people might want to not use this word because of it’s racist root word). “Wassup my nizzle!”

1. short for you know what I mean. “Them cops was trippin’ with us, nah-mean?” Also see ya’ mean.”

1. adj. tightly coiled, curled or tangled hair. Hair distinctive to some Africans or African Americans while in its natural state, or locked in dreads “Yo Mamma hair is so nappy, she got to take a Tylenol just to comb it!”

nappy dugout
1. n. A slang word for a woman’s vagina. The word was made known by George Clinton and the Funkadelics and later tapped by Ice Cube in his song “givin up the nappy dugout.” The term was also used in the film “Bulworth” by Warren Beaty’s character after he picked up the term hanging in the hood. “the nappy dugout, its where you gets the bugout–from Bulworth”

1. A word used to describe something that is ridiculously good or someone who is excellent in what they do. “Kobe was nasty on that basketball court last night.”

1. v. Let’s go. “Lets navigate.”

1. v. slang for oral sex. “Hey dog, I’m goin out wit Valarie; I heard she give good neck.”

1. Euphemism for nig***. Also another variation is “nikkah” or “nigga”

1. n. A friend or acquaintance. A revised version of ni**a, as per Snoop Dogg. Replaces earlier terms such as homie, etc. “What’s up my nephew?” or… “Have you seen that nephew?”

Netflix and chill
1. v. hang out and have sex

newbie (NooB)
1. n. Someone who is new to a particular activity, specifically a game, concept or forum.

1. A filler used in a conversation to compliment and identify something as cool or tight. “Yo did you hear Joey Manifesto spit; the kid is nice on the mic.”

1. a variation of the word nigger. Generally used by African Americans for a close acquaintance or term of endearment. See also nikkah, nurga, nugga and necka. “Hey, wassup my nigga!”

1. Euphemism for nig***. Also other variations are “necka” or “nigga”

1. n. A nine millimeter semi-automatic pistol. “Man, you best stop mad dawging me or I’ll whip out my nine and bust a cap in your #*^%!”

1. A word that African Americans use for “my nigga” as in like a friend.

nitty gritty
1. To get down to business; to take care of serious things. “Screw all that B.S.; let’s get down to the nitty gritty.”

1. see “my nizzle.”

1. Someone who doesn’t have the basic knowledge when it comes to pop culture, tech terms or just generally what seems to be “in” that week.

1. Chicano and Hispanic gangs usually from the northern part of California who wear the color red, symbolizing their gang, hood, and the northern region. These gangs usually do not get along/rival with the sureno gangs of the southern region of California “Aye Homie, I think that fool is a norteno.”

nug (also – nugs)
1. n. High quality marijuana, usually dried out and shaped like a ‘nugget’. “Wow, look at the size of that nug.”

nurga (nugga)
1. n. Less harsh way of saying nigga. “Look here nurga…you betta have my money when I come over today!”

1. Over doing it. “Dashawn you o.d.’in with them chips.”

1. Derived from “Orginal Gangsta.” A term referring to a real gangster, not one of the “many wanna-be’s posing” out there. The term was popularized by old school rapper Ice-T in his song “O.G.” back in the 90’s. The term then gained commercial notoriety. Lyrical reference: O.G. – ICE-T (Album: O.G. Original Gangster, 1991)

O.G. style
1. A way of saying that you did something gangster. **See O.G. “You did that all O-G style dawg.”

1. adj. obviously

off the chain
1. fun or exciting. See “off the hook.”

off the heezy
1. or “off the heezy for sheezy” meaning very cool. See “off the hook.”

off the hizzle
1. Meaning beyond cool or chic. Also see “off the hook” “Those new boots are off the hizzle.”

off the hook
1. Exceptionally good. “Did you see John’s new 22” spinners? They was “off the hook!”

off your rector
1. (derived from “off your rector scale”)Acting out of control. Rambunctious. “Girl, you are off your rector . . . now get down off the top of his car!”

oh snap!
1. A phrase uttered in disbelief or when something bad happens. “Oh snap! Look who just walked in here!” “Oh snap. I forgot my math again!”

1. adj. To be high or drunk. “Corry went to that party after the game and got oily than a mug. He was looking so stupid falling all on the dance floor.” 2. adj. To stand out above the rest in coolness or good looks (like how oil separates from water). “That bi*ch Tracy looking to oily, forget these other h*es; I’m tapping that tonight!”

old school
1. adj./adv. Anything that is old, but not necessarily bad. In reference to music, it may be referring to it as “the good ‘‘ol” music. “Hey Kelly, why you playing that old school song?” “Cause old school’s tight!”

1. an acronym for “oh my god”. Mostly used to express excitement or disbelief.

on fire
1. Extremely good, often in sports. “Lebron was on fire last night.”

on his/her/my/your jock
1. obsessed with a guy or girl. “Billy, why them hoochies on your jock?”

on point
1. v. To be aware. 2. v. To be up to par or to meet the standards. “Eh, homie! You better stay on point when your slangin’ that herb.”

on the real
1. n. A term used to refer to the seriousness of an event or statement; similar to the phrase “Real Talk.” “Yo Son, on the real, if the kid keep talking all that smack I’m a have to cap him.”

on what
1. n. a term used to swear on something to prove that your truthfulness. “On what fool; you really got wit Nisha? On ma dukes boy; I hit that last year.”

1. A term that encourages unity or oneness. Primarily used as a phrase of dismissal to say as you are leaving or going away. “Yo shorty you goin home……aight one.” or on the phone. “Yo, I gotta go.” “Aight, later, one.” “One.”

ones and twos
1. A DJ’s turntable set. Two turntables that are used by a DJ. “Hey Joey, is DJ promote, spinning on the ones and twos tonight?”

1. n. a policeman. “Watch out! One-time!” 2. n. a person who commits one offense and is now watched by the police. This term was derived when laws were passed during the late 80’s and early 90’s for cruising. If the same police officer saw you three times, they could pull you over and cite you for cruising. Thus, the term started when cruisers would cry out when a police was cited the “first time” “Yo, that’s one time!” The term became popularized by Ice Cube, Compton’s Most Wanted, Ice T, and Tupac Shakur in many of their songs.

1. n. a girl with a large posterior or buttocks. “Check out the fine onion on that betty.”

1. adj. an outcry or exclamation. “I saw baby girl on the dance floor and I was like, “Ooowee you fine.”” 2. n. Drugs. Usually very strong drugs that can cause you to lose control or hallucinate. “I know I was actin’ a fool cause I was on that Ooowee!” 3. adj. a term that expresses awe or amazement. Usually followed up with man (Ooowee man) “When everybody ran out o’ the mall, I was like, “Ooowee man, who shootin’ up in here?””

open up a can
1. v. (derived from “open up a can of whoop-a_ _”) To take an action of enforcement. To punish or hurt. “Man, if you don’t stop buggin I’m going to open a can on you!”

outie 5000
1. n. (derived from “outa here” mixed with the car the Audi 5000) A saying conveying that a person is about to depart. As if to say “time to leave!” Some shorten it and just say “5000!” **Also see Audi or Audi 5.O “Jesse . . . we’re outtie 5000!”

1. To master or ace a person or a thing till you control it. “I own that move the dancefloor baby, you can’t use that.”

pack it up
1. to get out of somewhere very quickly. “Pewee just called & said Po Po is coming, we gotta pack it up right now!” 2. v. to pack marijuana into a pipe or bong. “They all was telling to pack it up, but I said if you didn’t put 5 on it you can’t run the weed session!”

1. An old school term still used in some parts for house. “Yo lets go chill at my pad.”

1. n. money “I got to get me some paper if I’m going to be rollin’ with them.” 2. n. the papers used to roll joints

1. Someone who is on parole or on probation “I don’t smoke weed- I’m on papers. ”

1. v. relaxing and communicating, like sitting and talking to a female. “Check out Reggie parlayin with Shana.”

1. n. An individual’s significant other; sexual partner and/or friend with benefits; usually used to identify a homosexual’s girlfriend/boyfriend. “Hey, is that Mariah’s Partner?”

1. n. (pronounced “pawt-na”) From “partner.” A friend. A loyal associate. “Was’up pawtna!”

1. To be shut down, instead of saying “snap.” “Dude, you just got payned!”

1. (phencyclidine) has sedative and anesthetic effects that are trance-like, and causes one to experience a feeling of being “out of body” and detached from their environment. It is a white crystalline powder that is soluble in water or alcohol. PCP turns up on the street in a variety of tablets, capsules, and colored powders. PCP can be snorted, smoked, injected, or swallowed and is most commonly sold as a powder or liquid and applied to a leafy material such as mint, parsley, oregano, tobacco, or marijuana. Other slang terms for this drug are: Angel Dust, Embalming Fluid, Killer Weed, Rocket Fuel, Supergrass, Wack, Ozone.

This information was obtained from Please also see their website for more information.

1. good bye. See also “peace out.”

peace out
1. a farewell remark. To say to someone, especially a friend, “good bye.”

1. n. Someone whose acting like a chump or immature. “I ain’t letting Mikie come with us to the park no more; he ain’t nothing but a peanut!”

1. To leave. “I’ll catch you later. I’m about to pearl.”

1. n. a basketball.

peep ‘dis
1. v. an order given to observe or to listen–to check out. “Yo G, peep this triflin’ shawty.”

1. short for “peoples.” Meaning friends and family. “Props to my peeps.”

1. adj. Someone who is very attractive, physically fit and sexy. “Look at that girl, she is so peng; I gotts to get her number or email or sumthin’!”

1. n. friends, companions or acquaintances. “I got all my peoples out on 100th and Crenshaw!”

1. to imitate or try to be something you’re not. “Why is that wigga always perpetratin!”

1. adj./adv. (pronounced “fat”) Very good, cool, top notch. Also used as an acronym, pretty hot and tempting. “His corvette was phat!” 2. Also seen as “actin like you phat” which means actin’ like you are cool, tough, or something special.

1. adv. (pronounced “fatty”) Incredibly good, cool, top notch. Usually in admiration of a feat or trick. “That 360 in the air was phatty!” 2. a large joint – marijuana. See “blunt.”

1. An acronym/euphemism for “playa hata degree.” Someone who tries to mess up a “playa’s chance with women (his “game”) “Tomesha has a PHD. She’s always messing up my game!” 2. A teacher or authority figure who seems to have something against “playas” or “gangster-like” students.

photo bomb
1. When a person or object is in a picture accidentally or intentionally and as a result, ruins the photo.

1. n. Also “piece of a**” (posterior) A derogatory term for a female, usually one being used for sexual favor, with derogatory intonations of a lack of emotion. “Nah-uh, Dawg, she aint my boo. She just a piece.” 2. sex. “I’m a go over Tanisha’s and get me a piece.” 3. n. a gun or weapon. “Back off, I’m carrying a piece.”

1. Describing some super quality weed/marijuana. “Yo, my cuz got the piff.”

1. an ugly girl. “Quit mackin’ on those pigeons over there.” 2. a girl who goes with all the guys, whether or not she has a boyfriend, usually just for sexual favors.

1. adj. Very admirable or desirable. Extremely good. “Check out his pimp ride!” 2. n. a male who is extremely admirable, especially with the women. “Take notes fellas, I’m the pimp!”

1. Someone extremely “pimp.” See “pimp.” The pimp of all pimps. Someone who excels in all the qualities of pimpdom. “Look at Billy pimpin all dem ho’s. He’s the pimp-daddy braw!”

1. n. a pimp in training; a pimp apprentice. “Did you see them pimpershcnaps trying to talk to Sheila and Tasha after school?”

1. Something very cool or ghetto fabulouse “Hey dawg, them new sneakers by Tha Game is pimpin’ I’ma get some of those next week.” 2. A guy trying to pick up on girls. “Look at him pimpin’.”

playa (player)
1. (pronounced “playa”)The male version of the word “Ho.” A male, who is perceived as very promiscuous, usually even bragging to others about his sexual escapades. This male might “date” a lot of the opposite sex at the same time. Or someone who has a different girlfriend or boyfriend every week or so. “Sheila, you ain’t all that. John’s a player, and you the flavor of the week!”

1. n. a person who is an inferior, an idiot, or inept. “That dude is a straight up pleb.”

1. n. To have a grudge, conflict or a problem with someone. “I ain’t goin with y’all if Nisha is coming cause we still plexin’ about her tryin’ to steal my man.”

1. n. A term used in reference to money; usually large amounts of money. “Yo, Bill Gates’ pockets are deep.”

1. n. Nick name used for cop or police, such as 5-0 or ‘Po-po’ “Kill all that whooptidoo, Po-nine just walked in the building so chill!”

1. . Someone inferior. Someone, usually female, that is looked down upon. “Check out that poodle over there by herself!”

pop off
1. The provoking or initiating of a fight or confrontation. “Watch your back tonight, cause some stuff gonna pop off.”

1. n. (pronounced poe-poe) a policeman. “Whatch out! It’s the po po!”

1. A ghetto way of saying what’s going on. “Yo, whaz popin?” 2. To initiate the activity and involvement of something; to start something. “Let’s get this party poppin.” 3. n. something that’s very cool. “Shawty keep it on and poppin’.”

poppin’ bottles
1. Getting drunk. “At the party they will be poppin’ bottles.”

1. Perfect, as in ‘Mary Poppins is perfect in every way.’

1. Refers to “parent over shoulder” and is used (typed) when a parent is around and may be looking over the shoulder of their kid while they are chatting, texting, etc. No one goes around saying “POS” out loud — nor would you say LOL (laugh out loud), WTF (what the f–k), BRB (be right back) or SMH (shaking my head), but this word is just for texting and chatting.

1. someone who immitates or tries to be something he is not. See perpetratin’ “Check out that cracker over there thinking he’s all ghetto. He’s a straight up poser.”

post up or posted up
1. To stay in one place. Derived from drug dealers on street corners. Staying on the corner in one place, like a street post. “I was posted up all day on E. 14th.”

1. It means to be somewhere. Usually by yourself. “The Po was posted on the corner waitin to bust the party.”

1. n. short for Newport cigarette. “DD is a nicotine fiend. He was smoking potes since he was 5!”

1. Fine or good. “She be potent!” “That weed is potent.”

pound it
1. something you say when you want to greet someone with the ghetto high-five- by tapping your fist on theirs and vice-versa.

1. n. A brandname of clothes and fashion accessories like Gucci or Fendi “If you love me I want you to buy me a Prada knapsack, with the hat to match.”

1. n. a pimped out car. “Once I get my p-ride on the streets wit this new system, all the girls gonna be up on it!”

1. n. Favor or admiration credited to a person because of something done. A verbal recognition of good achievement.

1. little girls that wear tight low cut jeans and belly shirts like Brittany Spears “Check out those prostitots over there. What ya think . . . are they 11? 12?”

1. A term that refers to the smoking of marijuana. “Baby, I’m about to roll over to Jay Jay’s house to puff that weed.”

puff-puff pass
1. v. a procedure that people do when smoking marijuana; basically consisting of taking two inhales of the weed (puff-puff) then passing it on to the next person. This term was made famous by Chris Tucker in the film Fridays with Ice Cube. “We all put five on this stanky-dank, so stick with the rules: PUFF-PUFF PASS!”

1. Adj. A British slang term used to describe something as great, genuine, or first class. “Those boots you wearing are pukka my man!”

pump it up
1. v. To engage in sexual intercourse, from the male perspective.

Pump yo brakes
1. v. stop whatever it is you’re doing or are about to do. “I’m bout to go holla at Kianna.” ” Ay, dawg. Pump yo brakes, she a gold digga.”

1. (v.) Steal or take something. “Did you punk the last ding-dong?” “I heard Gena’s car got punked.”

1. Embarassed by someone else.

purple state
1. n. a U.S. state where the two main political parties (Republican and Democrat) have about the same level of support among voters.

Purple Urple (a.k.a. Purple Haze)
1. n. A strong strain of sativa cannabis, usually containing leaves with a purplish tint or purple fibers. “Yo, I got some bomb purple haze with me tonight; its gonna get us seriously faded.”

purps, purple urple
1. a term for a strong strain of marijuana that has purple leaves. “JJ told me that he had some purple urple if I wanted to come by, but I told him that I’m off them grapes, I’m trying to clean my life up.”

1. n. One who sells narcotics/drugs illegally. A drug dealer.

1. the illegal distribution of drugs. “That fool better keep all his info on the low or he’s gonna do some real time for pushin’ weight, all that weight.” Lyrical reference: Pushin’ Weight; Ice Cube & Mr. Short KHOP A yeah yeah
I push rhymes like weight
I push rhymes like weight

put that on
1. Asking for or verifying authenticity. Like to ask “you swear!” “or I swear by my mom’s grave.” “”Tim got a new car!” “Put that on!” “I put that on!” or “I put that on everything!””

1. adj. A Spanish slang which means ‘whore’ or prostitute. “You are the son of a puta!”

putting me on blast
1. to be publicity disciplined or to have someone raise their voice at you. Similar to “putting someone on the spot.” “Why was that teacher putting me on the blast?”

1. pwned is spelled with a “p” and is pronounced ‘owned.’ It likely originated in an online game called “Warcraft” where a map designer misspelled “owned.” When the computer beat a player, it was supposed to say, “has been owned.” Being owned means someone just proved you wrong, but it could also be positive. If you did well on a test, uou pwned that test.

1. n. A term in reference to a quarter ounce bag of marijuana. “Aye yo son lets get a quarter off of Johnny.”

1. n. A homosexual male who is extremely flamboyant and exemplifies many female traits and gestures. “I’ve seen some gay people in my life, but that fool is straight up a queen.”

R. Kelly
1. v. To have sexual relations with a younger woman. Because R&B; singer R. Kelly has that reputation. *Although this term is not widely used anymore, it still bears stating as it has had use and could be still in circulation in certain contexts. “Why you R. Kellyin’ those jr. high girls, One time?”

1. n. refers to a woman’s breasts. “Check out the rack on that one!”

1. adj. Worn or broken down. See “tore up.” “Get your raggedy ride out a here poser!”

1. adj. wild, crazy, out of control. “These girls out here are so ratchet; they will do anything for money.” 2. n. slang for a gun derived from using the word “tool” for a gun. “I had to pull out the ratchet when those fools was actin’ up.”

1. adj. anything pure or untampered with. Hardcore or very intense “I don’t even like to joke with Mr. Jones, he raw then a mug.” 2. adv. Sex without a condom “Ol’ Dirt used to sing how he liked it raw, until he died.”

Real Talk
1. The Truth.Something very serious. “I can’t stand it when these so-called rappers be tryin’ to rap about how hard they are when they just studio gangsta’s and dat’s real talk.”

1. v. (pronounced reh cug nize) To respect. “Boy you better recognize!”

1. adj. a lighter complexion African American female. “I want to go to New Orleans this summer and pull some of them redbone girls!” Lyrical reference: BEYONCE – Creole So all my red bones get on the floor
And all my yellow bones get on the floor
And all my brown bones get on the floor
Then you mix it up and you call it creole

1. n. an ironic term used to indicate something that is beyond ridiculous, being extremely absurd. “Dang that girl’s booty is redonkulous.”

1. The word “nigger” pronounced backwardly so as to not be confronted for using such a racist term; a term usually used by the racist. “Check out that reggin. What is he doing around these parts?”

1. A term used for marijuana, usually after the compressed nuggets are broken up and the seeds are separated from the cannibis. “Aye Son, you got that relish?”

1. Another way of saying relative or friend. “Matt is my relli.”

1. Trying to do your best; to achieve some respect. Also means to literally represent your geographical location; typically through area codes and or street names/city districts. “I’m just tryin’ to represent.” or “Yo, we representing the 408 up in here!”

1. n. The house or the place where someone resides. “Hey meet me at the rest and we’ll rock some o dat new playstation.”

1. A term used by drug dealers and users referring to the need to restock on the product(s) that were sold or used. “I need to go hit up the big homie and reup on that herb.” 2. The term is also used in reference to the profit a drug dealer makes in comparison to what he paid for the product he sold and capitalized on.

1. n. Someone’s mode of transportation. A car. “Check out his pimp ride!” 2. to have sex. “Girl, do you wanna ride tonight?”

ride on
1. Refers to approaching or sneaking up on an individual unannounced and then beating them up. “On the real, let’s go Ride On that fool.”

rider (ryder)
1. A person who is involved in gangbanging or in the street hustle game. “You see them cats Matt be hanging with? He a rider fo sho!” 2. A person who is down with their crew or clique and gets in on the action. Does not have any gang affiliation but is down for life. “Jeff is my boy, we rider’s for life!”

riding dirty
1. Driving with drugs or drug paraphernalia. “”I know these fools wanna catch me riding dirty.””

RIP Dolla
1. n. A popular term being tweeted and sent over Facebook to commemorate the rapper Dolla who was murdered hours after posting through tweeter his location.

rip squad
1. A term used to describe someone else’s embarrassment typically in basketball when a shot is blocked and or stolen from the opponent. “Charlie stuffed Jason in that last shot; Charlie on the rip squad!”

rise up
1. to warn someone away, as if to say to “back off.” (see “step off”) “Man you best be risin’ up off me!”

1. the trade name for methylphenidate. A medication prescribed for children with an abnormally high level of activity or with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and is also occasionally prescribed for treating narcolepsy. It stimulates the central nervous system, with effects similar to but less potent than amphetamines and more potent than caffeine. Ritalin has a notably calming effect on hyperactive children and a “focusing” effect on those with ADHD. When taken as prescribed, Ritalin is a valuable medicine. Further, research funded by the National Institute of Mental Health has shown that people with ADHD do not get addicted to their stimulant medications at treatment dosages. Because of its stimulant properties, however, in recent years there have been reports of its abuse by people for whom it is not a medication. These prescription tablets can create powerful stimulant effects and serious health risks when crushed and then snorted like cocaine, or injected like heroin. Ritalin is in pill or tablet form. Other slang names used for Ritalin are: kibbles and bits or pineapple.

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1. crack-cocaine. Sometimes used as a term for drugs in general. 2. n. A mixture of cocaine and baking soda; creating crack, then broken down into small nuggets and smoked. “Yo, that undercover cop locked up Tracey for selling him six rocks.”

1. v. to wear something, generally in a ‘show-off’ type of way. “Did you see Genine rockin’ her skinny jeans yesterday?”

1. n. fat or big diamonds.

1. to leave. (see “roll-out” and “let’s roll.”)

roll out
1. v. to leave. “We ’bout to roll out.”

1. A female who sleeps around with lots of guys. “Karen is such a rolla.”

1. chillin’, hangin’ out, rollin’ with the flow, takin’ what life gives you. “I’m rollin’ with the homies.” 2. a term used when under the influence of Exstasy(x). “Hey, are you rollin?”

1. n. Ecstasy pills. “Many I took two rolls last night at the concert and I was rollin like a fool!”

1. v. To arrive, mainly through the use of a car. “Eh, I say we roll up to that party tonight and roll up on that fool James.” 2. Something that an enemy would do to sneak up on you; also to interact or address another person aggressively, particularly an enemy. “Let’s roll up on those fellas and bust a cap!” 3. To fight. “Roll up, fool!”

1. n. Dollars. Used mostly as a euphemism in prostitution circles. Sometimes also referred to as “flowers.” “She said that she’d do whatever you wanted to for a donation of 100 roses.”

1. n. to be sloppy drunk. “Tasha was so rummy last night that I thought she was gonna get date-dapped.”

1. v. A command to surrender your valuables. “Yo fool, run that watch, them sneakers and that ice-grill right now or I’m-a blaze this heata!”

run and tell that
1. A phrase which means to tell the truth, speak truth, tell it as it is, and to spread the word quickly to many people. “Yo, you got’s to run and tell that good news about Jesuz!”

runnin’ game
1. See “spittin’ game.”

1. n. It’s okay… A question used to reassure someone. “S’okay…I was just buggin’ y’know?”

1. (derived from “s’allrigh” or “it’s all right”) everything is okay, no problems. “J.T., you want me to help you with that?” “S’righ”

S.T. Rugglin
1. a name given to someone who is struggling. “You’re S.T. rugglin.”

1. abbreviation for “sucks to be you.” Often a put down used in texting. “I sw you wt Franklin at the mall …s.t.b.y.”

1. n. A bag (usually a zip lock bag) of marijuana/weed. The term usually is preceded by the dollar amount. *See also the term “dub sack” which refers to $20 worth of marijuana. “Tonight I’m gonna get faded off this dub sack I just bought.” 2. A slang term for the male scrotum.

1. adj. Someone who is trustworthy or a friend. “Don’t worry about Tyrone, that fool safe.”

1. to have a bad attitude towards someone or something. “Don’t be all salty with me!”

1. To be extremely drunk. “Man we got sauced last night at that party.”

say my name
1. an exclamation used to intimidate or used for celebration. If someone just scored a touchdown they might say, “Say my name (insert cruel noun here)!”

1. n. A term used for cocain that is smuggled over. “If you get caught bringing over that scale you’ll be doing some serious time in Federal son.”

1. n. whore, slut; generally a lady of ill repute. “Dude, I’m not gonna talk to any of these Scally’s around here, I ain’t got no protection for that!”

1. v. The act of using someone for a sexual favor without liking them.(see “mack”) 2. n. A title given to the person used in this process.

1. n. A quater key of crack cocane; term mainly used on the west coast. “I’m so pimp, I can cover pay roll with sceolla and still have scraps from that!”

1. to show superiority by teaching someone a lesson or showing someone how to do something. To beat someone in a competition. “Man, give me that ball, I’m going to school you!”

1. n. term that is short for San Francisco. “Let’s make it up to sco this weekend and get some yay-freaks.”

1. v. when a boy puts his hand under a girls bra and feels her breast or puts his hands down the front of her pants. “Joe was scooping Nesha at the movies on the low, but everybody knew what was up.”

1. v. A term used in reference to succeeding in the aim to have sex with another person. “I think I’m gonna score with Angel tonight.” 2. n. a term used to reference making fun of someone. “I can’t believe you let Fat Boi score on you like that; that was hilarious.”

1. v. to fight.

1. n. East Coast slang for money or dollars. “I gotta go hit them streets and collect my scrappa.”

1. n. Money, cash. “Look cousin, we ain’t going to Six Flags if we ain’t got no scratch, so you might as well stop talking about it!” 2. v. to engage in a sexual act with someone, usually but not limited to mutual masturbation. “Aye baby, you lookin’ hot tonight, you need to let me scratch that itch you got.”

1. n. a person in their teens or twenties who is good with computers or the internet.

1. A word made by the accidental combination of creepy and scary. It can be used in place of either word. “That is one screepy lookin’ guy.”

1. n. slowed down rap music aka ‘chopped and screwed’ made famous in the south by DJ Screw. “I don’t bump nothin’ but that screw afta 11.” Lyrical reference: DRAKE’S NOV.18 ALBUM – So Far Gone, 2009 I’m in Houston
Candy paint switchin colors in the light
It’s about like 11 p.m
And we just rollin through the city
Bumpin that screw

scrilla or scrill
1. n. money.

1. n. A person who is poor and has little to no money. The group T.L.C. popularized the word back in the 90’s with their song “No Scrub.” In the song they actually define the term. “Man, I ain’t hangin’ out with them scrubs; we’ll have to pay for their lunch and bus fare!”

seed or seeds
1. n. kids, a person’s offspring or posterity. “She look good, but she got them seeds.”

sellin’ out
1. Someone who switches their beliefs or passion all the time. “Dan is always sellin’ out.”

selling woof tickets
1. Trying to get someone to believe a falsity. Spreading lies. “Girl, you be jawsin . . . you’re jus’ selling woof tickets.”

1. v. To beat someone up. To violently assault a person. To deliver an unwelcomed gesture, word or an act to an individual. “In a minute I’m about to roll over to that party and serve that fool Chris.” 2. To confront or embarrass someone publicly. “Paula got served last night by Bridget, Tina and Kiesha when she tried to act all bougie at the mall.”

1. n. sending sexually explicit messages or pictures via cell phone.

sexy back
1. derived from Justin Timberlake’s song “Sexy Back,” where he claimed to bring “sexy back.” Someone who brings sexy back is simply claiming that they are the definition of “sexy.”

1. Ugly and generally not good. “Those clothes are so shabby.”

1. n. bad or loose weed (as opposed to tightly packed buds). “Say dogg, we ain’t goin’ to get no more sacks from yo cousin, all that fool got is shake!”

1. n. Not definite, resky, not very skillful. “Brandon’s skills at driving are kinda’ shaky after she kills mad beers.”

1. To stab or cut someone. “In jail, if you’re not careful you might get shanked.”

1. A good looking female. **See “shorty.” “Oh snap. Look at that sexy shawty over there.”

1. A cigarette or marijuana coated in PCP or formaldehyde (embalming fluid); a hallucinogen narcotic that is smoked. Also see “sherm stick.” “I can’t believe Stevie messes with sherm now!”

sherm stick
1. A cigarette or joint that is dipped in PCP or formaldehyde and is smoked. Also see “sherm.” “Yo, I spotted your little sister smoken’ a sherm stick the other night.”

1. A femalo hero. “Superwoman is such a shero.”

1. v. To be really high off some good marijuana. “Whew man, this weed has me shhmokin’.”

1. A person who cannot be trusted. When a friend does something that makes you question how good a friend that person actually is. “Yo he slept with your girl. Shifty!”

1. See “shizzle.”

1. Something very good. “Did you see T.J. play in the last game? He was the shizzle.” 2. Sure; when used as “fo shizzle” it means for sure. 3. A euphemism for shi*

shizzy (the shizzy)
1. Something very good. Derived from “the s**t. “She think she the shizzy now that she hooked up wif Adam.”

1. A euphemism for shoot. Also darn, heck, or many four letter words. “Shoo girl, I kow what you talkin’ about!”

1. n. a good looking female. **See “dime-piece” 2. A girldfriend. **See “breezy”

1. a phrase yelled when someone wants the good seat. Short form of “shotgun.” Formerly calling “shotgun” got you the front passenger seat in the car (derived from the position on the stagecoach- the person with the shotgun sat up front near the driver). “Shotty” does the same thing. Works with other locations such as “shotty the couch”; “shotty the bean bag chair”; etc.

shout out
1. accolades, recognition.

1. n. Short term for mushrooms, specificly a toxic mushroom used as a hallocinogen. “I’m bout to get faded once I pop these shrooms.”

shut up!
1. A quick reply expressing disbelief. As if to say, “Really?” “Ben Affleck just pulled in the driveway!” “Shut up!”

1. bad weed or marijuana.

1. adj. Sick doesn’t refer to being ill or literally sick. It is an adjective that usually refers to something that was awesome, cool or surprising, very good or insane. 2. Something exciting or intense, crazy. “That flow Joey just kicked was sick.”

sick with it
1. n. someone who is really good at what they do. “Trina is sick with it on her paintings.”

1. adv. To be completely drunk, wasted or high. “That chewy was so potent that we all walked out o’ the room sideways!”

sirius black
1. someone who is extremely attractive or Sexy. ““Oh girl right there is Sirius Black.””

1. Any kind of alcoholic drink. “Hey, give me one of those sizurbs.”

1. adj. repulsive and skank-like (see “skank”) “Your girl ain’t nothin’ but a skanch queen!”

1. n. More than a “hoochi-momma.” A dirty, nasty promiscuous woman that no one would even touch. “Check out that nasty skank over there.”

skank fat
1. n. fat that hangs over or is seen on an overweight person. (Also see “muffin top.”) “Look at all that skank fat around the side of his jeans.”

1. ‘I see now’ or I understand. Used as a way of acknowledging that you get the picture. “What you doing D? “I’m bout to get soma that candy from Sandy tonight!” Oh skeen, then I’ll holla at you tomorrow.”

1. v. To ejaculate, or come during sex. “Fool, I went in so hard on dat chick but I went skeet-skeet all over floor, cuz I ain’t gon’ be no baby daddy! Fo Real!”

1. an unattractive, yet promiscuous female. (See “skank”)

1. n. something or someone who is weird, off or strange. “Hey Dog! I ain’t hanging out with that sketchy ho, she started talking in other voices last night!”

1. (pronounced “skeed”) To be drunk or high.

1. n. A breed of marijuana classified by its strong odor and maintains a higher level of intoxication. “You ready to get faded? I got a sack of that skunk waiten to be smoked.”

1. n. an older classic car that is in great condition. “Did you see Ray-Jay in that new slab rollin’ down Peachtree? That whip is a beast!” 2. adj. In the south SLAB means slow, loud, and bangin’. “I only roll wit slab riders man.”

1. v. (pronounced “slangin'”) the act of selling any illegal substance. “Check out Brian slanging rock on the corner.”

1. To ignore someone or something. “Don’t sleep on that new Fifty record, it’s hecka tight.”

1. n. an eighth of an ounce of marijuana (taken from the analogy of a slice of pizza) “Dude, I thought you was only gonna get a nickel bag and you came back with a whole slice; you my homie fo real!”

1. v. to fight, slap or punch someone without warning or to sneak a hit in. “Keep up all that loud talkin’ and I’m gonna slide you punk a**!”

1. N. A person who is weak, afraid, and or frightened to do something. “Yo, Trey is my slime!”

1. See “slangin’.”

1. adv. making mistakes “Next time I catch Terry slippin on his game I’m gonna swoop in and pull Jackie cause she too fine.”

1. A term for being intoxicated. “Amy got slizzard last night.”

slo mo
1. v. One who learns gradually or not as quick as the average person usually used as an insult. “Look slo mo, try pulling the door… with the sign on it that says PULL!”

slow steppin’
1. messing up or falling behind. “You dropped the weed? Ah Dawg, you slow steppin!”

1. n. gold or platinum teeth. “That fool need to clean them slugs in his mouth, every time he smile, he smell like do do!” Lyrical reference: JUVENILE What kinda nigga got buku slugs in his mouth
What kinda nigga got buku drugs in his house

1. n. heroin. “He was so high on smack he didn’t know what he was doing!”

smack down, the
1. 1. n. An action of enforcement, punishing or hurting. Derived from a wrestling move called “the smack-down.” “Man, if you don’t stop buggin I’m going to lay da smack down!”

1. (v) to describe a negative, usually derogatory, comment or conversation about (or to) another person. “He be talkin’ smak about you!”

1. Having sex. “Camron thought he was gonna get something from me with his weak rap talkin’ bout, “What up mommy can I smash that?” I told him, “Stop trippin’ you know I’m waiting till I get that ring.””

smd (s.m.d.)
1. An acronym in reference to the phrase “Suck my D**k;” used as a very popular motto and logo on mugs, t-shirts and other items.

1. adj. to be extremely attractive and good looking; great sex appreal. “Whew, ol girl is smexy in that red dress!” 2. A term that also describes someone as being smart and sexy. Sometimes the term is applied to individuals who are Mexican and sexy. “That girl is straight up smexy.”

1. v. To shoot someone; to kill them gangster style. “You bes keep on steppin’ or you gonna get smoked.”

smoke a black
1. v. smoking Black and Mild cigars. the resurgence of Black and Mild cigars have increased in the last ten years. “With that fake a** smile, smoking on your black and mild…”

smoked out
1. adv. to be high from smoking an excessive amount of weed. “If we are smoked-out, then hip hop is going to be ‘smoked-out’. ~Mos Deff quote from the album Black on Both Sides.” Lyrical reference: THREE 6 MAFIA – Smoked-Out I’m smoked out snorted out drunken and blown
getting crunk in that mode
Twista gotta stay high
smokin’ skunk till I’m old

1. see “oh snap!”

Sniffing Cheese
1. It’s a drug containing a mixture of black tar heroin and Tylenol PM tablets crushed together. It’s taken by sniffing it throught the nose. Note: This is a very dangerous and addicting drug.

1. v. To rat on someone, give away a secret or report someone for criminal activity. “Teddy is always snitching; he told the teacher that we cheated on that test yesterday.” 2. n. Someone who freely gives up information about a friend or acquaintance to a higher authority who will use that information against said friend/acquaintance. “I’m not running w/ A.J. anymore cause that punk is a snitch; he told the principle where we got blunted.”

1. n. Cocaine or Coke, term derived from the fluffy white and flaky simularities that cocaine has in common with snow. “Yo stop drawing attention over here; Rae’s upstairs making that snow son.”

1. n. A white female. This expression is commonly used to describe a white female who mingles among black males. “I got a snow bunny and a black girl too. You pay da right price and they’ll both do you.– Terrance Howard.” Lyrical reference: E-40 – White Girl So if ur down on ur luck n got no money
then do what I do go get u a snow bunny

1. To kill, murder or assassinate someone. “Somebody needs to “Snuff” that fool Deebo.”

1. something that’s cool, or tight. “Dude, that trick you just did was snug.”

1. N. A person who is weak, afraid, and or frightened to do something. “Harold won’t fight Jason, he actin’ soft.”

1. (pronounced sold-jas) A person (usually young male) who is committed to a cause; passionately lives out his/her conviction and willing to suffer or die for what they represent. “Marcus is a real sodier in these streets. That’s why I like to hang with him.”

1. n. A close friend; a term of endearment used as a greeting, equivalent to homie. “Wassup Son?!” 2. n. A term used to belittle or demean someone as though they were lesser. “What are you looking at Son?!! I’ll bust you in yo grill!”

1. adv. A place to buy (drugs, paraphernalia); a person (usually sexually arousal) to desire; a thing to get. “Sandra knows all the sources around town so let’s hang with her and we’ll party all night.”

1. v. begging, or asking someone for spare change. “We were gonna go to the mall and spange for a while, you wanna come with us?”

1. a term that literally means to “smack one’s butt” or “spank,” but usually with sexual intentions implied.

special k
1. n. The liquid animal tranquilizer Ketamine usually dried, diced and snorted. Popular at raves which are now promoted music festivals.

1. v. tired. Also see “sprung.” “Man, I’m spent!”

1. n. A petitie woman that is desired because of the unique sexual abilites her weight and size allows her to engage in, very popular on dating and causal encounter online networks. “You see oh girl over there by the keg, that little spinner, bet you she comes home with me tonight.”

1. car rims that still spin when you stop “Check out those 22″ spinners on Fred’s Blazer!”

1. v. to rap or speak out. “Gimmie the mic and I’ll spit till the cows come home.”

spittin’ game
1. To try to impress someone of the opposite sex, or “picking up” on someone by sweet talking them. “Check out Jose over there spittin’ game.”

spittin’ knowledge
1. See “spittin’ game.”

1. A marijuana cigarette

1. adj. To be obsessed with, usually in an amorous fashion. “Vanessa’s so sprung on Todd, he’s all she talks about.”

1. n. Nickname for a Bentley Continental Flying Spur luxury car. “I saw them fools jumpin’ outta a all silver Spur at the crack-house… boy you know what’s going on!” Lyrical reference: JIM JONES & RON BROWZ – Pop Champagne Tell ‘em Ron Browz here, hottest in America
Gimme 16 bars and you know I’ll tear it up

Know its me when you see the Spur in your area

1. Your tribe, crew or group of friends that you hang out with. “I was hanging with my squad when we saw this preacher cat commin’ at us talking about “God loves us and stuff”.”

1. Cigarettes. “Hey man, you got any squares on you?”

square up
1. v. getting into a position to fight or battle; to raise your hands in a fighting position. “If this fool keep trippin we gone get squared up in this mug.”

1. n. a hot female. “Check out that squirrel over there.”

1. n. A term for money stacks usually stand for one thousand dollars. “Man I gotta wait another month to buy them rims, them joints cost three stacks all together!”

stanky leg
1. v. A growingly popular dance to the hip hop song “Do the Stanky Leg.” “Hey look at Jimmy; he’s doing the Stanky Leg!” Lyrical reference: G-SPOT – Do the Stanky Leg B*^ch I’m wide-up! Do the Stanky Leg!

1. A secret or unknown collection or compilation of something; usually used in reference to drugs. “Yo, I thought you didn’t have anymore herb?… Nah son, you know I always got a stash.”

1. v. To hit someone or something. “I’m gonna steal you in yo grill!”

step off
1. a retort used to warn someone to back away. “You betta step-off!” 2. To threaten someone to leave one’s belongings alone. “Step off my back pack!”

sticking it
1. v. sexual intercourse. 2. v. Pulling off a feat or trick. Landing a trick on a board, motocross bike, etc. “Did you see Nathan sticking it out there on the wake board?”

sticky, icky
1. A term made popular by Snoop Dogg, used in reference to marijuana that is moist and sticky; usually the most potent and highly looked upon weed. “Aye, spark up some of that sticky, icky.”

1. cigarette, short for “stogey.”

1. n. a cigar but can also refer to a hand rolled cigarette. “Man, these stogies are bomb right after dinner.”

1. adv. A skater or grunge term for extremely happy. “Did you see that trick? I was stoked I landed it!”

1. To be honest.

straight up
1. adv. A phrase uttered in the midst of any sentence when no other adverbs are available to memory. Similar to the old slang word “totally.” “He just straight up told me that he straight up liked me!” “Oh, straight up!” 2. Telling or asking someone something without messing around, or stalling; getting right to the point. “I just saw Jimmy with Jessica!” “Straight up?” “Straight Up!”

1. adj. Carrying a weapon. “Don’t worry, I’m strapped with my nine.”

1. n. something that has been expanded; to reproduce in larger quantity, usually in reference to money. “Yo son, my cash is mad stretched.” Lyrical reference: About Me – RAEKWON stretched out, moving professional, frying more fish. I heard it in slurs, them niggas is blessed. While we ball to the maximum, give me the floor, for real I show off and let my money get stretched.

1. v. to show off in a graggadocious style (see floss). “Jaden was tryin’ to stunt in that old car that his daddy gave him; he need to put some rims on that baby and then it’ll be tight.”

1. High class flashing of your jewelry, money, riches, etc. Made famous by the Cash Money Millionaires. “50 Cent is stuntacular.”

1. To do something that others find strange; also another word for “trippin.” (See trippin’.) “Mark you so stuttin.”

1. When something is not agreeable and is not satisfying, or does not meet expectations. When something is terrible or not pleasant. “It sucks that I’m not gonna make it to the Rock The Bells concert this year.”

sum- summ’m
1. (n.) Something. Derived from “some-something.” Usually something good or of value. “Do you got a little sum-summ’m for me?”

1. See “wassup.”

1. Chicano and Hispanic gangs usually from the southern part of California, who wear the color blue, symbolizing their gang and hood and the southern California region. “Those fools up north will kill you if they find out you’re a sureño.”

1. n. a drink made of a mixture of sugar water and soda mixed with Nyquil or any codeine based liquid medicine.

1. A person or thing with lots of swagga (how you show yourself to others; your style and presentation). “Tonya is the envy of the school, swagalicious for sure!”

1. A person’s distinctive style and confident presentation of self. Also “swag” “I got that swagga that these dude’s be biten.”

swagga jacker
1. v. when one person steals another’s swagga (meaning flow, lines, lyrics or jokes). “Man you can’t talk to no females with Reggie around cause he ain’t nothin’ but a swagga jacker anyway.”

1. adj. Someone who is fantastically full of swagga. “You don’t want none of this swagtastic lovin’ baby. I’ll make you suck ya thumb!”

1. n. Cadillac Rims, spooked, chrome. Very popular in the south. “E’rbody watch me creep by in my swangaz boy!”

1. adj. Slang to announce that you’re leaving, comes from the movie Ghost starring Patrick Swayze. “Hey dogg, this party’s do do, I’m Swayze.” 2. high as a kite-high flying; feeling untouchable. “Ty was so swayze last night; I told him he needs to leave that meth alone!”

sweat box
1. n. Small club

1. Trying to hit on someone. “This guys been asking me for my digits all night, he’s really sweatin’ me.” 2. Nagging, harassing and/or putting pressure on someone; usually asking many questions. “On the real, the cops be sweatin’ me constantly.”

1. adj./adv. (sometimes pronounced “saw-wheat”) A late 80’s term for very good, excellent. “His corvette was sweet!”

1. See “get your swerve on.”

1. Short for Swisher Sweet cigars. “JaRon been smokin’ them swisha’s and his breath stank!” 2. Slang for sweet or cool. “Man my new shoes is swisha.”

1. adj. Short for swollen; usually used in reference to a person that has lots of muscles or is buff. “He just got out of prison, been workin’ out all the time – now he all swoll.” 2. adj. A term usually used to describe or exaggerate the extremely large size of something or a person.

1. n. muscles

swoop me up
1. requesting someone to pick you up in their car. “Swoop me up for school in the morning.”

1. n. ‘sippin on some syzzurp’ A mixture of codeine induced cough medicine (usually perscription)along with rum or vodka and sprite. Syrup sippin’ induces a hallucinatory state in which everything appears slower. “Sippin’ on syrup is dangerous. November 2000 DJ Screw was found dead due to a heart attack resulting from a cough syrup overdose.”

1. n. A modifed version of M.I.L.F. refereing to a “Teacher I’d like to F**k.” “Did you see Ms. Cross? She’s a straight up T.I.L.F.”

1. n. single drops of the hallucengenic drug LSD on paper squares; usually placed under the toung. “As soon as we get to the Audiotistic rave I’m gonna try to score some Tabs.”

1. n. A term used in reference to a womens vagina; a comparison made between the food and a womans vagina based on the similar shape. “Yo, Jason wants a piece of Tina’s Taco.”

1. n. someone who is extremely large, obese or tall. “Tookie always got chosed on the football team, cause he’s a tank!”

1. adj. When a large or fat person goes into a destructive rampage. “Dang, did you see big fella tankin’ on Lil’ D when D stone his fires?”

1. or “tap that a**.” To have sex with somebody. “Hey dawg- I saw you with Katie. Did you tap that a** or what?”

tap that
1. to have sex with someone. (see also “hit that”)

1. Overpriced. Cost too much. “Oh snap! That stuff is taxed!”

tha sh*t
1. The coolest thing or person around. “Danny really thinks he’s tha sh*t!”

that’s whut’s up!
1. An exhortation. To highly agree with enthusiasm. “I got a new whip. That’s whut’s up!”

the time
1. v. To give another person an opportunity to have sex. “Aye shorty, I got the time… Do you got the time?”

1. v. (derived from “thiefing”) stealing.

1. n. To be desperate to the point of being anxious or rude. “Dawg, see how you disrespectin’ my space…you must be thirsty.”

this piece
1. a residence or place. “We up in this piece.”

1. thing. *Although this term is not widely used anymore, it still bears stating as it has had use and could be still in circulation in certain contexts. A lot of the “izzles” are not as popular as they once were in urban/Hip Hop contexts and settings. “Give me that thizang!”

1. The act of being high off Extacy. *Although this term is not widely used anymore, it still bears stating as it has had use and could be still in circulation in certain contexts. A lot of the “izzles” are not as popular as they once were in urban/Hip Hop contexts and settings. “Man, that girl is hella thizzin.”

1. v. To win some form of competition by a large margin. “Dude, I thrashed Robert on the court!” 2. v. To harm, or to harshly disrespect someone or thing. 3. n. A style of metal rock music.

throw back
1. n. A vintage basketball or football jersey. “Those fools be hating on my Throw Back.”

1. To get ‘trashed’ or ‘waisted’. To get so high or drunk that your on the brink of passing out. “Me and my friends got so throwed last night that we had to get Jackie’s big brother to drive us home.” 2. n. to be very cool, new way of saying “that’s far out.” “On the last day of school all of the 8th grade girls came in throwed.”

thug nasty
1. n. A person who is hard core gangster and whose actions and behavior reflect street living. “My man Raw C is straight thug nasty; he don’t take no mess from no one.”

1. adj. To be hardcore. To be in a state of gangsterized attitude. “That fool is thugged out.”

1. n. a slutty guy or girl, usually referred to guys. “I don’t know why you trying to talk to Richie, he ain’t nothin’ but a thundercat.”

tiggo bitties
1. Large breasts. “That girl has tiggo bitties.”

1. adj./adv. an older term that still maintains its presence that means good or cool, hip. Also can mean close, like a close friendship. “Man . . . did you see that lowered Cadillac? It was tight!” 2. stingy or tightfisted. “Yo, your pops is tight. He’s so cheap, even the Scrooge looks generous compared to him.” 3. to get really intoxicated and or messed up on drugs. “Yo dawg, we got tight as hell last night.”

tight eye
1. adj./adv. Under the influence of a controlled substance. “Hey I got that Bobby Brown. You can get yo “tight-eye” on dog!”

1. Slang for Crystal Meth. “”I’m looking for Tina.””

1. a driving manuver where you drive your car slowly and swerve from the left to the right till the car appears like it’s tipping from side to side. “You can catch me out on dem roads, tippin’ on dem 44’s.”

1. n. East Coast slang for a gun. “Son, you keep hollerin’ all that noise and I’ma let you have a piece o’ dis toast.”

1. To smoke and or inhale marijuana. “Don’t trip, I stay token that herb.”

1. n. someone that is a geek or nerd; one who is socially inept and does not fit it. “Don’t be a tool Mikey.” 2. n. slang term for male genitals.

tool time
1. v. It means being ready for sex, or sexually stimulated. “Hey Baby, do you know what time it is? It’s tool time!” 2. v. Slang for smoking cheap marijuana. Comes from the practice of Mexican construction workers hiding in the tool shed while getting high. “Hey Pancho man, I need a little tool time, chico!”

tool up
1. Get your gun ready. Pick up your weapon and get ready to fight. Similar to “man-up”. “”Those fools was actin’ wild, I thought it was time to tool up and drop some punks”.”

tore up (pronounced “toe up”)
1. adj. Messed up. Ugly or run down. “Fix your hair, it’s all tore up!” 2. Also refers to being under the influnece; drunk or high. “Did you see Joe at the party last night, man, he was tore up.”

tore up from the floor up
1. The current state of a person who does not look or feel very good. The obscene description of a person who’s physical appearance is disturbing or not pleasant. “Did you see her? Oh Girl, she was tore up from the floor up.”

1. A way of saying that a girl is a ho or that you had sex with her. “Man, that girl is such a toss-up.”

1. adv. Totally

1. adj. a slang that’s used as a derogatory term, like a ‘fool’ or ‘punk’. It ranges from different areas of the country. In some areas like Long Island, NY it’s a very strong put down; while in other areas like the Midwest its used as a lite put down for someone who rubs you the wrong way. Some people use it as a term to describe someone who smokes a lot of weed. “Dude, why do you even come around here with that fool Jerry? He is such a towel.”

1. v. Several males having sex with the same female consecutively at the same location. “After the game the football team ran a train on her.”

1. adj. The act of dealing in and or with selling drugs for the accumulation of wealth for personal gain. “Yo, after Larry got that deal with them cartels, he trappin’.”

treat ’em
1. to correct or confront someone with a learned necessity. To teach someone. “You betta treat ’em before I treat ’em.”

1. n. marijuana.

1. A sexually active female. “Yo Calvin. Who’s that trick over there with Jamie?” 2. A person who spends money for sexual intercourse, usually in the context of prostitution. Also used as a verb. “Why is Tiffany turning tricks?” or “Oh, he’s just a trick.”

1. v. To cheat on your boyfriend or girlfriend or to be a poor partner in relationships. “Rick! Are you trifflin with Jackie? You better hope Tomeka don’t find out . . . she’ll open up a can on you!” 2. Talking behind a friend’s back, back stabbing; someone who loves drama and brings everyone else in on their mess. “Man, Monica is straight triflin’!” 3. Someone who is annoying and or gets on peoples nerves.

1. adj. someone who is well respected in the streets because they ‘keep it real’; comes from the words true and real. “Hey these ni##a’s is trill so you don’t have to worry about nobody snitchin’.” Lyrical reference: FLO RIDA – Act Like You Know my hole squad iced out my nigga so
trill my nigga so trill ack like you know

1. v./adv. (derived from “tripping” ) To act like someone who is hallucinating or on an acid trip. To do something that others find strange. “Girl, why you trippin . . . he ain’t all that!” 2. To act crazy or hostile about something or toward someone. “Eh, girl! I don’t even know why he be trippin on me when I be out.”

1. v./adv. the effect of taking LSD (dropping acid).

1. the act of purposely upsetting (just because you can, you’re anonymous) others online usually by trying to deceive them into thinking you are serious about some argument or point you are trying to make, or personally attacking them, or saying rude remarks. “David’s online trolling on the comment section of church websites just because he thinks it’s fun to upset those religious people.”

1. n. a long walk or trip. *Although this term is not widely used anymore, it still bears stating as it has had use and could be still in circulation in certain contexts. “Taco Bell? That’s a troop and a half.”

1. a phrase said to express agreement, as if to say, “I agree” or “good point.”

true dat
1. That’s true.

1. n. a term for the popular ‘True Religion Jeans’ brand. “Dang! Did you see that girl’s trues?”

1. n. when something seems to be, or is felt to be true, even if it is not necessarily true.

1. to make fun of someone in front of a lot of people. “Yo, he tried her.”

1. v. To fight really well; fight a lot. A third coast & Dirty South term. “Every time we go to a party, Jason tunnin’.”

1. A gang’s area. A place a gang hangs out. “Ross is banging that turf.”

1. v. turf dancing or (T.U.R.F.=taking up room on the floor) meaning using a large area as you dance. This style of dance is associated with Hyphy, Krumping, or Bucking and was originated in Oakland, CA. “JJ was winning the battle till Rajaad started turfin’ on that fool and took him out.”

1. adj. Someone who is addicted to methamphetamine (crank, speed). “Sally didn’t sleep for over 40 hours, I’ll bet she’s a tweaker.”

1. v. to act like someone who has taken Methamphetamine. To be excessively hyper or energetic. To act strangely.

1. v. To snort or smoke methamphetamine (crank, speed). In some cases people will take it intervenously. “Why are you figiting so much, have you been tweaking again?”

1. n. a variation of the term ‘wigga’ (white nigga), often used in Texas. “Jason is true twigga, he representing them double wide trailers!” 2. n. a black person who uses Twitter and follows the activities of other black people. “I just put all of my twiggas up on the next spot to hit up tonight.”

1. v. To act crazy or trippy like you’re on drugs (another word for tripping). “Dang, my momma still twirlin’ about that party I went to last night!” 2. v. To manipulate someone as if you were playing hard to get. “Say baby, you know you want me. Stop twirlin’ a brotha.”

1. v. Another way of indicating sex or a sexual act. “I’m going to Rachel’s house to twist her out.”

1. Drunk or high. “I’ve been drinking all day, I’m twisted.”

1. n. eager or frequent users of the social networking site, Twitter.

1. v. a girl dance involving a girl shaking or rubbing their booty on a boy. “Sarah twurked on Jimmy at that party last night.”

1. v. to remove a person from your list of friends or contacts on a social networking site.

up in
1. up in here, up in this place, up in that . . . A description of where you currently are, or are going. “Yo, why you all up in here, I’m trying to sleep.”

up my game
1. v. to improve your skills in an particular area. “Now that I’m in the 10th grade I’m a have to up my game in talkin’ to these honies.”

1. v. to reuse something that was discarded in such a way as to make a product of better value or quality than the first.

1. the ability to jump very high. (see “hops”). “Look, Billy’s got mad ups!”

1. v. Slang term for a vaporizer; used to smoke weed. There are two different types of vaporizer. One kind heats the metal bowl in order to release the active ingredients, but at a low enough temperature that most toxins and carcinogens are not inhaled and the plant material is not burned. Another kind of vaporizer uses hot air to heat the herbs. The vapor produced is inhaled. Vaporizers are a very healthy alternitave to smoking, and reduce your intake of toxin. “Donna went to the head shop and bought a vape.”

1. n. a person who is robbed or being taken advantage of; can also mean being hustled. “Man, Henry bout to handle this vic on this card game.”

1. n. Viddlez is known as food back in the day. “Yo. I need some viddlez. I am too hungry!”

1. Wide wheels, sometimes with white walls.

1. adj. Weak, uncool, or poor quality. Something undesirable. “That girl is wack.”

1. see “wack.”

1. n. a large butt, a woman’s derriere. (see badunkadunk) *Although this term is not widely used anymore, it still bears stating as it has had use and could be still in circulation in certain contexts. “I like Judy cause she got that wagon that I wanna pull.”

wale tail
1. As in the term for the look of the thong underwear peeking above the back of a girl’s pants. “Mark did you see that wale tail?”

1. v. Having sex. “Hey man, Jeff wanged Shelia last night.” 2. An old school term for a penis. “Man, my wang is huge!” 3. Another term for masturbation. “John be wanging off too much.”

1. a “wanna-be” gangsta

1. A term that refers to what one feels like the day after getting completely stoned. “Man, I can’t even get up after last night, I’m washed.” 2. When one feels extremely tired, lazy, and fatigued; even the slightest movement requires immense effort due to the amount of tiredness. 3. The state of being exceptionally high off of weed.

1. (derived from “what’s up?”) What is going on? How is it going? Good to see you.

1. To be extremly drunk; usually resulting in complete loss of self control and beligerenence. “I’m a get shorty wasted tonight.”

1. n. slang for the drug pcp. “I ain’t going out wit Justin anymore; he’s a fiend for that water and I just don’t swing it like that.”

wats gucci
1. n. Slang term for what’s good… what’s up… how u doing? “Ahight wats gucci dawg?”

1. To be fly, impressively dressed, attention seeking through the way you’re clothed; made popular by rapper Max B. “Anybody know me know I’m the waviest boy!” 2. adj. In Suffolk County, New York it is used to mean that something is not quite right. “The way that fool was talking to you just seemed too wavy, you better watch that cat.”

we’re up
1. something said when it’s time to leave. “Hey, we’re up!”

1. adj. no good, a bad situation. “This is weak.”

1. n. Joke that didn’t quite make you laugh. “That was weaksauce.”

1. n. someone who’s just added hair extensions into their hair. “Trina just got her hair did so you know she feelin all weavolicious right now!”

1. n. A large amount of drugs usually gathered and packaged by the pound. 2. n. A large amount of cocaine. “Man, I’m tired of slangen nickels an dimes; I want to get my hands on some serious weight.” 3. Street credit, or hierarchal status in the streets. “Man, my dogs got all kinds o’ weight; what you want done out there?” Lyrical reference: Pushin’ Weight; Ice Cube & Mr. Short KHOP A yeah yeah
I push rhymes like weight
I push rhymes like weight

1. n. PCP (Phenylcyclohexylpiperidine); the act of smoking the drug PCP. “Daniel be twisted… he gets wet like every day.”

Wha’s crackulatin’?
1. (derived from “What’s crackulating?”) What is going on? How is it going? Good to see you. When greeting someone you might say, “Whas’ crackulatin’?”

Wha’s really good?
1. Or “what’s good?” A greeting. When you see a friend, you say this. “Wha’s really good son?”

1. Derived from “what’s up?” What is going on? How is it going? Good to see you. If you pass someone, bob your head once, raising your chin about an inch and say “Whassup?”

What it do?
1. A term used to say, What’s up? “Hey kinfolk, what it do?”

What up?
1. Another way of saying, What’s up? Also see “Wassup?” “Hey Malia! Girl what up?”

What’s crackin?
1. See wassup? (In some cities, it is said that certain gangs use “what’s crackin” and others use “what’s poppin” and you don’t want to say the wrong term.)

What’s poppin?
1. A greeting, or another way of saying what’s up? Also see “Wassup?”

1. Whatever.

1. a car “”Yo’ T. Lets hop in the whip and get up out of here.”” 2. A term used to describe someone turning the steering wheel really fast and using the wheel of an auto very well. “”Yo, Cherry be Whipping that car around.” OR… “James uses that whip well in that ’64 Impala.””

1. To be head over heels in love; do anything for someone. “Man, she got yo behind whipped!”

1. n. A term used to refer to cocaine because of its color. “Aye to Big John, you better not get caught slangen that white or you’ll be doing some serious time.”

who’s your daddy!
1. An exclamation of victory or retort. A cry bellowed after a recent conquer. After dribbling past an opponent and scoring in basketball, yell “who’s your daddy!”

1. To beat up on; to fight and win by totally humiliating your opponent. “Man, after Peter talked all that smack, I whomped on his a*s!”

1. v. to communicate bad things about someone. To gossip. Also known as “talking trash.” “Quit your whoobangin and let’s roll.”

1. v. To beat up. “You mad doggin me? I’ll whoop you so bad your cousin will cry!” 2. To beat someone in a sport. “We whooped their team 126 to 57!”

1. n. a word used in ‘meditation’ to calm you down. Taken from the Bad Boys film with Will Smith and Martin Lawrence where Martin Lawrence’s character would continue to repeat the word to calm himself down. “I was so jacked up after that math test, I was like “Whoosaah… I have to chill before my next class or I’m goin’ off!”

1. n. a fan of the British sci-fi tv series “Doctor Who”

1. Very good, great.

1. A white person who thinks he’s black. Derived from “white nig***”

1. n. A term to describe any journalism, reports or writing that uses Wikipedia as it’s only source. “Jason thought that he got over with his book report, but it was full of wikijism and he only got a C for the assignment.”

1. adv. to be defeated or whipped. “Don’t battle Terron, he will wipe you everytime cause that boy is raw!”

1. used especially when texting, to express triumph or excitement.

1. v. Term used as a response or in celebration to exciting news. “A yo Daniel, I (Michael) was drafted by the NBA last night, WOOP!”

1. that’s correct, that’s all right, or that’s good. ““I just got me a new ride!” “Word.””

word up
1. To affirm “that’s the truth” coined by the song “word up” released in 1986 by a band called Cameo.

1. v. illegal contraband and drugs sold for a profit. “Aye yo son, I got that work…for sale.”

1. adj. (derived from “worn out”) Exhausted. “Man, I’m worn.”

1. adv. abbreviation for “what the f*ck,” often used in texting. “I just sw yur grl at the mall w/ Jordan an ws lk wtf?”

1. Another way of saying hello; or what’s up? “Yo Mike! Wuddup!”

1. v. acting crazy or wild. Out of control “Girl, I ain’t goin over Nita’s house no more after dark cause them fools be wylin’ out!” 2. Tripping or doing something funny. “Did you see Nick wylin on TV last night?”

1. n. Term used for the drug “Ecstasy.” A pill used at Raves(parties). Sometimes called “E”.

1. Adj. A term used to describe something that is pleasing to the eye, something that is beuatifal to look at, or someone who is dressed really nice. “Yo, Henry lookin’ xlicious in that suite!” or “That new Lexus is xlicious.”

Ya digg?
1. A way of asking someone if they agree with you or if they understand what you are saying. “Yo, that Kings game was hot, ya digg?”

ya’ mean
1. (short for: “You know what I mean”) A term used to affirm another person’s understanding of what you are speaking about. “Yo, I’m bout to come up on this paper, ya’ mean.”

1. adv. A term used to warn an individual(s) to approach you with hostility and or to get out of your face. “Yahh Homie, you need to check yourself before you gets hurt.” Lyrical reference: SOULJA BOY & FT. ARAB – Tellem Yahhh Man when somebody be in your face, on your nerves just talkin and talkin and you don’t wanna hear it, just be like YAHHH Trick! YAHHH! Hey Soulja Boy, YAHHH! Trick, YAHHH! Get out my face.

1. 100 dollars; a total of 100 dollars. “Yo, I dropped 3 yards on that phone bill!”

1. v./adj. A combination of yeah and great. “Wasn’t Terrell’s party this week really good? Yate!”

1. An old school term used to describe cocaine. Popularized by the urban folk hero Tony Montana in the Hip Hop classic film Scarface. Also spelled llello.

yella bone
1. adj. a light skinned African American. “Man, look at that yella bone brutha over there, he sure is light!”

1. slang for ‘Yes Sir’. Made popular by Pharell on Snoop dogg’s song, ‘Let’s get blown’ “Man did you git wit Gina last night? Yezzur!”

yiked up
1. n. altered behavior, to be drunk, high and/or everything in between. “Casey was so yiked up last night at the park that we took his keys and told him that he couldn’t drive home.” Lyrical reference: PLIES – Hypnotized It’s 2-o’ clock in the mornin’
I’m yiked up, and i’m horny
All i need now is some moanin’

1. n. Northeastern slang for you guys or variation of the Southern term ya’ll “Yin’s guys wanna go to the football game and watch dem Steelers play?”

1. n. Slang for crack, blow snow or yay-yo. “Cindy is out there now… she after that yip er’ day now.”

1. An informal address; another way of saying “Hey” or “Hello.”

1. n. A combination of yo and holla. “Yolla, baby girl, what’s your name?”

1. An acronym for “You Only Live Once”. A term often employed after making an irrational or snap decision. “I decided to eat twenty-four cheeseburgers. YOLO!”

you feel me?
1. A question asked to make sure someone understands you or where you’re coming from. See “feel me.”

1. adj. References something small or undersized, particularly an article of clothing. “Look at that young shirt he’s wearing!”

1. A term used to refer to someone who is younger than you, similar to ‘my nephew’ “Lil’ P is comin up on his B-ball skillz. That youngboul’s gonna run the court next year.”

1. Or “young.” A young boy on the street. “What’s up young?”

1. n. They are Millennial generation, “young urban males” with well-paying jobs and no family to support, at least not yet. The Yummies have disposable income to burn (which is not common among other Millennials).

1. n. A sexually attractive mother who has had a child; typically young; younger than 30, but not considered a MILF. Also see MILF. Popularized by rap artist Baby Bash in the song “Na-Na-Na” Lyrical reference: Na-Na-Na – BABY BASH (Album: Cyclone, 2007)

1. n. a very popular sneaker (tennis-shoe) designed by graffiti artist and promoted by rap artist Soulja Boy. “I got J’s, got YUM’S, got Nikes; I’m zooted!” Lyrical reference: SOULJA BOY – Zooted New kicks fresh cut clean white tee
I’m zooted
Got Js got YUMS got nikes
I’m zooted
Supa swag no you can’t get like me souljaboy tell em my chain so icey

1. n. South African term for a joint or marijuana. “Johnny, you comin’ by for a zol session t’night?”

1. A measurement of marijuana. One ounce, 28 grams of weed. 2. Also used in reference to a quarter pound of marijuana. “Yo, Frankie we should reup with Mike, he sells zones for a bill.”

zoned out/zonen
1. v./adv. A term used to refer to the similar actions of daydreaming, unaware of the moment, usually lost in deep thought. The actions of a person who is intoxicated and unable to control their thoughts. “Leave Matt alone. He’s zoned out.”

1. adv. to be highor drunk. “Look at RayJay fall all over the floor tryin’ to do the stanky leg. Man that fool is zooted!” Lyrical reference: SOULJA BOY – Zooted New kicks fresh cut clean white tee
I’m zooted
Got Js got YUMS got nikes
I’m zooted
Supa swag no you can’t get like me souljaboy tell em my chain so icey

Who is Daniel White Hodge?

Daniel White Hodge Dan White Hodge is a dynamic speaker, scholar, Hip Hop theologian, urban worker, & racial bridge builder that connects Urban Popular culture (Including but not limited to Hip Hop, Race/ Ethnicity, class, socio-cultural concerns, The Black Church, & The Emergent Urban Church) with daily life events. Dr. White Hodge has been an active member of the Hip Hop Community for over 20 years and continues to not only study the culture from both an academic and practical perspective, but live it as well. Moreover, Dr. Hodge has over 16 years of urban youth work experience having worked for Young Life and now working with undocumented peoples in Los Angeles with his wife Emily. His unique perspective on Hip Hop and Theology challenges his audiences to look beyond the “outer surface” and go into the deeper parts of the culture using God as the lens. Dan’s books are Heaven Has A Ghetto: The Missiological Gospel and Theology of Tupac Amaru Shakur (VDM Academic 2010) and The Soul of Hip Hop: Rimbs Timbs & A Cultural Theology (IVP August 2010).Facebookmail

Using Metaphors in Creative Writing

Using Metaphors in Creative Writing

What is a metaphor?

The term metaphor meant in Greek “carry something across” or “transfer,” which suggests many of the more elaborate definitions below:

Metaphor Table
Definition Origin
A comparison between two things, based on resemblance or similarity, without using “like” or “as” most dictionaries and textbooks
The act of giving a thing a name that belongs to something else Aristotle
The transferring of things and words from their proper signification to an improper similitude for the sake of beauty, necessity, polish, or emphasis Diomedes
A device for seeing something in terms of something else Kenneth Burke
Understanding and experiencing one thing in terms of another John Searle
A simile contracted to its smallest dimensions Joseph Priestly

Related terms

Related Terms Table
extended or telescoping metaphor: A sustained metaphor. The teacher descended upon the exams, sank his talons into their pages, ripped the answers to shreds, and then, perching in his chair, began to digest.
implied metaphor: A less direct metaphor. John swelled and ruffled his plumage. (versus John was a peacock)
mixed metaphor: The awkward, often silly use of more than one metaphor at a time. To be avoided! The movie struck a spark that massaged the audience’s conscience.
dead metaphor: A commonly used metaphor that has become over time part of ordinary language. tying up loose ends, a submarine sandwich, a branch of government, and most clichés
simile: A comparison using “like” or “as” Her face was pale as the moon.
metonym: The substitution of one term for another with which it is commonly associated or closely related. the pen is mightier than the sword, the crown (referring to a Queen or King), hands (referring to workers who use their hands)
synecdoche: The substitution of a part for the whole or vice versa (a kind of metonym). give us this day our daily bread

Why use metaphors?

  • They enliven ordinary language.People get so accustomed to using the same words and phrases over and over, and always in the same ways, that they no longer know what they mean. Creative writers have the power to make the ordinary strange and the strange ordinary, making life interesting again.
  • They are generous to readers and listeners; they encourage interpretation.When readers or listeners encounter a phrase or word that cannot be interpreted literally, they have to think—or rather, they are given the pleasure of interpretation. If you write “I am frustrated” or “The air was cold” you give your readers nothing to do—they say “so what?” On the other hand, if you say, “My ambition was Hiroshima, after the bombing,” your readers can think about and choose from many possible meanings.
  • They are more efficient and economical than ordinary language; they give maximum meaning with a minimum of words.By writing “my dorm is a prison,” you suggest to your readers that you feel as though you were placed in solitary, you are fed lousy food, you are deprived of all of life’s great pleasures, your room is poorly lit and cramped—and a hundred other things, that, if you tried to say them all, would probably take several pages.
  • They create new meanings; they allow you to write about feelings, thoughts, things, experiences, etc., for which there are no easy words; they are necessary.There are many gaps in language. When a child looks at the sky and sees a star but does not know the word “star,” she is forced to say, “Mommy, look at the lamp in the sky!” Similarly, when computer software developers created boxes on the screen as a user interface, they needed a new language; the result was windows. In your poems, you will often be trying to write about subjects, feelings, etc., so complex that you have no choice but to use metaphors.
  • They are a sign of genius.Or so says Aristotle in Poetics: “[T]he greatest thing by far is to be a master of metaphor.” It is “a sign of genius, since a good metaphor implies an intuitive perception of the similarity in dissimilars.”

Creative ways to use metaphors

Most books give rather boring examples of metaphors such as my father is a bear or the librarian was a beast. However, in your poetry (and fiction for that matter) you can do much more than say X is Y, like an algebraic formula. Definitely play with extended metaphors (see above) and experiment with some of the following, using metaphors…

Uses of Metaphors
as verbs The news that ignited his face snuffed out her smile.
as adjectives and adverbs Her carnivorous pencil carved up Susan’s devotion.
as prepositional phrases The doctor inspected the rash with a vulture’s eye.
as appositives or modifiers On the sidewalk was yesterday’s paper, an ink-stained sponge.


Metaphor Table
Scratching at the window with claws of pine, the wind wants in. Imogene Bolls, “Coyote Wind”
What a thrill—my thumb instead of an onion. The top quite gone except for a sort of hinge of skin….A celebration this is. Out of a gap a million soldiers run, redcoats every one. Sylvia Plath, “Cut”
The clouds were low and hairy in the skies, like locks blown forward in the gleam of eyes. Robert Frost, “Once by the Pacific”
Little boys lie still, awake wondering, wondering delicate little boxes of dust. James Wright, “The Undermining of the Defense Economy”


Finding Your Voice

by Susan J. Letham

Novice writers tend to feel awed by the concept of “voice.” Once you understand what writers mean by voice, it becomes easier to grasp.

You wouldn’t mistake Goldie Hawn’s voice for Liz Taylor’s, even if you couldn’t see their faces, would you? And if I were to give you a text to read, you wouldn’t confuse a ghetto gangster with that a Washington lawyer. Not only do they sound different, they also use different kinds of language: words, tone, sentences, forms of address.

Here are three voice examples:

Example 1: I love the heady cruelty of spring. The cloud shows in the first weeks of the season are wonderfully adolescent: “I’m happy!” “I’m mad, I’m brooding.” “I’m happy–now I’m going to cry …” The skies and the weather toy with us, refusing to let us settle back down into the steady sleepy days and nights of winter.

Example 2: I believe I have some idea of how the refugee feels, or the immigrant. Once, I was thus, or nearly so. … And all the while I carried around inside me an elsewhere, a place of which I could not speak because no one would know what I was talking about. I was a displaced person, of a kind, in the jargon of the day. And displaced persons are displaced not just in space but in time; they have been cut off from their own pasts. … If you cannot revisit your own origins–reach out and touch them from time to time–you are forever in some crucial sense untethered.

Example 3: Privacy in the workplace is one of the more troubling personal and professional issues of our time. But privacy cannot be adequately addressed without considering a basic foundation of ethics. We cannot reach a meaningful normative conclusion about workplace privacy rights and obligations without a fundamental and common understanding of the ethical basis of justice and a thorough understanding of individual and organizational concerns and motivations.

Different backgrounds and distinguishable voices

Do you think the examples were written by the same person? Of course not. Anne Lamotte (example 1) is a contemporary US Writer and diarist. Penelope Lively (example 2,) a British author who spent her childhood in Cairo in the 1940s. Laura Hartman (example 3) is an academic who writes about ethics and technology. They are people with different backgrounds and distinguishable voices.

Voice is the way your words “sound” on the page

In writing, voice is the way your writing ‘sounds’ on the page. It has to do with the way you write, the tone you take–friendly, formal, chatty, distant–the words you choose–everyday words or high-brow language–the pattern of your sentences, and the way these things fit in–or not–with the personality of the narrator character and the style of your story.

The voice I’m using to write this is friendly, familiar, and direct, at least I hope it is. I’m writing more or less the way I would speak if we were chatting face-to-face. When I write poetry, fiction, or social policy articles, my voice is quite different. I don’t talk straight to my reader as I’m doing to you, I move back a step, become more distant, choose other words and different sentence structures.

You might be surprised to know how many beginning writers write out of character, that is, they choose the wrong voice and tone for the purpose they have in mind. Your New England preppie won’t chew on her words like someone with a Texas drawl or talk sexy, like a Detroit hooker. A Hickville street sweeper is unlikely to speak like a Harvard graduate, at least not unless he really is a Harvard graduate… but that would be story, not voice.

Voice is a reflection of experience

Voice is a reflection of how your character experiences the world of your story. Invest time in developing your figures and getting to know their background. When you’ve done that, tell your story out loud, as if the characters in your story were speaking. Let your characters tell you the story, listen carefully to how they do it, then start writing your story down. If you can ‘hear’ your characters, it’s likely that you’ll get the voice of your story right.

How to develop your voice

Write as much as possible. Keep a journal. Imagine you are writing your journal for a friend, perhaps in letter style. Write about your day, the things you see and experience, the thoughts that go through your head. Watch the news or read a newspaper and write your thoughts on current events. Writing about your views is good voice practice, because it forces you to think of new things to say and new ways to say them.

We don’t stop to think too much as we write letters, we don’t weight up every word–we tell the story. That’s exactly what you need to do when you write your drafts. When you start to worry about the way you’re going to sound, you quickly lose your voice.

Ask friends to describe your style

Once you have a stock of personal writing, ask a friend to read it and tell you how you come across on the page.

  • Is your personal writing literary? funny? romantic? poetic? factual? upbeat? depressing? straightforward? flowery? How do you sound?
  • Do you write your mind? Express opinions? Or are your words over-polite and politically correct? Writers get to call intimate interpersonal relations ‘sex’ and digging implements ‘spades.’
  • Is it stilted? Does it flow? Do you sound like YOU?
  • Does your writing have a rhythm?
  • Do all your sentences sound the same? Are they varied?
  • Do you have ‘favorite’ words and phrases that you repeat often? If so, which ones? Can you find alternatives?

We have to go deep inside to find our real voices, the ones that hide beneath the social veneer, and that means finding out who we are and what we think about the world. It’s important that you get to know your natural voice so you can stay in style, and so you can adapt to fit your characters in the right way.

A long, long letter to your reader

When you move from your journal into your story, think of your manuscript as a long, long letter to your reader, and remember that we rarely have problems writing letters and journals.

It takes time and a lot of writing to develop a voice, and impatient writers love to skip that part of the process. But writing before you’re ready won’t cut it in most cases. You run the danger of having no real voice to speak of (or with.) The tips in this article will set you on the right path to finding your voice and, through that, authentic voices for your characters and stories.

© 2002 Susan J. Letham


Character Writing Exercises

It seems the number one way you learn more about your characters is simply by writing about them. Unfortunately, when this process occurs while you’re writing your story, it can show. Awkward, uneven character development in your completed piece can be the result. One way to get around this is to write scenes with your characters that are not part of your story, but which nonetheless help you learn about them.

Here are a few writing exercises that you can do to help you learn more about your characters. These are also good for helping you past writer’s block, or for use as prompts in timed writing exercises. Each of these exercises is fairly general; you should use the specific traits of your character and story to fill them in and write a scene from them. Not all of these exercises are appropriate for all characters; for example, the lead in a fantasy novel will probably not be suitable for the exercise about building a website. If I can find any of the sheets where I did these, or if anyone would like to submit theirs to be posted, I will put up some examples.

Your main character has invited you to lunch. Where does he/she meet you? What is ordered? What do you talk about?
(This exercise helps you to learn more about your character through food preference–which can actually be useful in your story–and through casual conversation)

Your protagonist and antagonist are each required to write a letter of introduction for your reader, describing themselves, their goals and motivations, and you.
(This exercise gives you valuable insight into the way your characters think about and describe themselves)

It’s a Sunday afternoon and your character’s responsibilities are complete. What does he/she do to relax for the rest of the day?
(This exercise gives you a deeper knowledge of your character through hobbies/leisure time activities.)

Your protagonist and antagonist each write a letter to a friend or family member (or you!) about the other.
(This exercise helps you gain insight into how your characters view their opposition)

Your two main characters have to change a flat tire, in the rain.
(This exercise helps you to learn more about your characters through handling adversity–which can be very telling!)

Your main character invites you to his/her place for dinner. What sort of home does he/she have? How is it furnished? Any family, roommates, pets? What is served?
(This exercise gives you insight via a detailed description of your character’s home environment– which can be useful in your story–family, food preference, and any other details you work into it.)

Your main character decides to put up a personal homepage. How does he/she go about it? Does he/she have the skills to start building one, or will assistance be necessary? What sort of information will he/she want on it?
(This exercise helps give you a feel for how comfortable your character is with the technology that is becoming more prevalent in our lives. It also gives you insight into how your character sees themselves, through how they would like a total stranger to perceive them.)Facebookmail

Editing Your Book

Maxpixel – CC0 license

Every manuscript needs to be edited, and not just by the author. Sure, self-editing is an important step in manuscript preparation, but it’s not the final step if you want to be proud of your published work.

We authors simply can’t catch all of our own mistakes. We tend to read what we think is there, rather than what is actually there, which makes us terrible proofreaders. Plus, truth to be told, we may not have a perfect grasp of grammar and usage.

That’s where a second set of eyes can be invaluable. A friend, associate or, ideally, professional editor can catch mistakes we’d never see, and elevate the level of the final result.

If you’re being traditionally published, your contract comes with an editor. But if you’re self-publishing, editing is just as important, because now Amazon allows readers to report errors in self-published books, and takes that into account in the rankings that govern your sales.

There are many levels of editing, and the cost can be anything from free to a thousand dollars or more. As with anything, you tend to get what you pay for. This excellent article describes the different types of editing, and provides many resources for finding an editor who matches your needs and budget:



New Book: Writing Young Adult Fiction

After two years of editing(!) Dani’s and my new book, Writing Young Adult Fiction, is about to be published. As one of our fans, I’d like to extend this special pre-publication offer to you: get the Kindle book for just $2.99, or get it for free when you purchase the paperback.

My favorite part of the book is our spirited back and forth discussion of our favorite YA novels, where we explore everything that makes them great, from plot to covers. And of course, that makes it a great source of inspiration for your own Young Adult novel.

Order the paperback here and get the Kindle book for free.

Or order the Kindle book by itself for just $2.99.

After this pre-publication special the price will go up, so take advantage of this insider tip now. Of all our books, this is my favorite!

Oh, and if you take advantage of this, could you leave a review on amazon? That’s how books get sold.


Audiobooks are another great way to sell your work

Audiobook recording setup — sometimes purring can be a problem…

Every month I receive a statement showing my latest audiobook sales, and it always amazes me. When I first decided to turn several of my books into audiobooks, I did it as much for fun as in hopes of making big sales. But month after month and year after year the income keeps coming. Now I’m so glad I did it.
Sure, one of my businesses involves audio/video products, so it wasn’t that hard for me to make an audiobook. But it’s actually not hard for anyone, with a little knowledge, to do it.

And unlike the ebook market, the audiobook market isn’t overcrowded, so they tend to sell themselves. My friend Derek Doepker has an audiobook that regularly sells over a hundred copies each month without ANY marketing on his part.

I’m doing a free webinar training with Derek on how you can turn your work into an audiobook, and create a new source of income. For those who’ve attended my webinars in the past, you’ll know that they are a rich source of information, not just a big commercial, so if you’re interested in creating an audiobook I urge you to attend.

Join us February 21st, 2018 at 11AM PST (2PM EST) by registering here:

We’ll cover:

  • How audiobooks are generating hundreds or even thousands of extra dollars in royalties for some self-published authors, all on auto-pilot.
  • How you can produce audiobooks on any budget, and distribute them from anywhere in the world (even outside the US and UK).
  • The critical facts to consider when deciding whether to outsource or produce your own audiobooks; these could save you thousands of dollars.
  • Where to find professional audiobook narrators if you don’t wish to narrate yourself.
  • The exact microphone, software, and equipment you need to produce top-quality audiobooks on a shoestring budget.

If you can attend live, Derek and I will answer all your questions. If you can’t make it live, register anyway, as there will be a replay later for those who register.

Register here:

See you there!


Children’s Books About Nature


Molland, Judy GET OUT!: 150 EASY WAYS FOR KIDS & GROWN-UPS TO GET INTO NATURE AND BUILD A GREENER FUTURE [chockful of ideas to get families, classrooms, and groups outside learning about nature, experiencing the world in new ways, and taking a hands-on approach to the three r’s (reduce, reuse, recycle). Chapters on being a green consumer and green eater, as well as on choosing an issue and taking a stand, make for a well-rounded yet easy-to-use handbook for making a difference indoors and out. Open to any page to find something to do today.]
Little Green Books – Green books for green readers. Little Green Books will educate children on what they can do to be more eco-friendly. The books in this line will be made from recycled materials, and the storylines will cover subjects such as improving the environment, learning about endangered animals, recycling, and much more.
I Can Save the Earth!: One Little Monster Learns to Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle by Alison Inches (Ages 3-6) [Meet Max the Little Monster. He is a cute, furry green monster who is an environmental nightmare. Among other things, he leaves on all the lights, keeps his computer plugged in, blasts the TV, hoards his old toys and uses so much toilet paper it clogs the toilet until finally, his excessive ways cause a power outage.
The Polar Bears’ Home: A Story About Global Warming by Lara Bergen (Ages 4-6) [a little girl and her father and learn all about polar bears! This 8 x 8 storybook shows how global warming affects two baby polar bear cubs and their family. Includes tips for kids on what they can do to help slow down global warming.]
From terrifying thunderstorms to frigid blizzards, every page has fact boxes and trivia. A unique section at the back of the book provides amazing weather statistics, tricks for predicting the weather and a chance to try some of your own weather related science experiments and activities.
Ages 8+ Smithsonian Institution
ANIMAL: THE DEFINITIVE VISUAL GUIDE TO THE WORLD’S WILDLIFE – Remarkably breathtaking celebration of over 2000 species of the animal kingdom (vertebrates and invertebrates) compiled by a team of over 70 zoologists, biologists and naturalists, and hundreds of photographers. Highly recommended. [Don E. Wilson (Editor), David Burnie (Editor) DK Publishing, Inc. October 2001]
Ages 8+ Dorling Kindersley Animal Encyclopedia
[376 pages of wow!] November 2000
Ages 7 Up National Geographic Encyclopedia of Animals by Karen Mcghee, George Phd Mc Kay – This comprehensive volume introduces the entire animal kingdom: mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fish, and all kinds of invertebrates, from sea squirts to worms and spiders.
October 2006
12 up National Geographic Visual Encyclopedia of Earth by Michael Allaby – This is the single-volume reference every forward-looking library should include. This lively encyclopedia gives kids a rock-solid foundation, reveals the latest research on fragile ecosystems and climate shift, and engages young readers with riveting information, eye-catching illustrations and photography. Kids will find answers to their questions here, as they investigate our world from its core to its cosmic connections.
Ablow, Gail A Horse in the House and Other Strange but True Animal Stories [Whoever heard of a horse who lived in a house (while its owners lived next door)? Or two donkeys who had a marriage feast? Or an official spying cat who was wired for sound? These stories and many more — all quite strange, all very true — come from newspaper reports around the world.]
Adams, Ansel[1902-1984] [Gallery] Ansel Adams : An Autobiography, by Ansel Adams
Ansel Adams at 100
Born Free and Equal
America’s Wilderness: The Photographs of Ansel Adams With the Writings of John Muir 
The Camera (Ansel Adams Photography, Book 1)
My Camera in the National Parks (1950)
Ansel Adams : Classic Images
Alexander, Sue Behold the Trees [Trees of Israel – Hebrew]
Albert, Richard E. Alejandro’s Gift (Ages 6-8) [ This uplifting story about one man’s gift to the desert and the gift he receives in return has a powerful environmental lesson.]
Altman, Joyce Lunch at the Zoo: What Zoo Animals Eat and Why
Anderson, Margaret J. Children of Summer: Henri Fabre’s Insects [Jean-Henri Fabre (1823-1915) [Insect Lesson Plans] 9-12
Carl Linnaeus: Father of Classification 11-13
Anthony, Joseph The Dandelion Seed 3-10
In a Nutshell
Appelhof, Mary Worms Eat My Garbage
Compost, By Gosh! (a vermicomposting adventure…converting a storage box to house their new pet; pets with a purpose.)
[Classroom Activities]
APPLES [Teacher Guide and activities]
Arnold, Caroline Australian Animals [forests, grasslands, deserts, and coastal animals] Ages 5 Up [Web Quest and Natural History Units]
Birds: Nature’s Magnificent Flying Machines [Introduction to how birds fly: hovering, gliding, diving and how they do it/feather structure/body structure/wing types/mechanics of bird flight]
Super Swimmers: Whales, Dolphins, and Other Mammals of the Sea – Ages 4-8
Arnosky, Jim Field Trips: Bug Hunting, Animal Tracking, Bird-Watching, Shore Walking With Jim Arnosky – Ages 8 Up
All About Turtles Ages 7-10
All About Frogs
Watching Water Birds 6-10
Crinkleroot’s Guide to Knowing Butterflies & Moths 
All About Owls
Following the Coast [explores Atlantic coast salt marshes from Florida’s Banana River to Bombay Hook on the Delaware shore/ wildlife: pelicans, bears, birds, manatees, dolphins, watersnakes,marlin, whales, wildlife and even wild ponies] Ages 7-9
Crocodile Safari [From the author’s green canoe, young readers will travel on an exciting water safari and learn amazing facts about crocodiles, their habitat, and their behavior. And they will also discover how this threatened animal is being successfully protected. Maps showing the North American crocodile range are included. A bonus DVD will show footage of how the author did his research along the briny lower Atlantic coastlines. It will also show him sketching, photographing, and creating his paintings for the book.] (Ages 7-10)
Aruego, Jose and Ariane Dewey Weird Friends: Unlikely Allies in the Animal Kingdom – Ages 6-8
Aston, Dianna Hutts A Seed Is Sleepy [2007 Book of Week](gorgeously illustrated by Sylvia Long)
An Egg is Quiet [2006 Book of Week](gorgeously illustrated by Sylvia Long)
A Butterfly Is Patient (2011 Book of Week)(gorgeously illustrated by Sylvia Long)
Loony Little: An Environmental Tale [Chicken Little tale with an environmental theme] Ages 4-7
Ayres, Katherine Up, Down, and Around Big Book [From seeds dropping into soil to corn bursting from its stalks, from children chasing butterflies to ants burrowing underground, everything in this vibrant picture book pulses with life —- in all directions!] Ages 2-4
Bailey, Sheila The Wizard and King Whifflegroan 3-9
Bakken, Aimee UNCOVER A FROG – 6 to Adult – Frogs. They swim, they leap, they hop, and some can even fly. There are poisonous frogs, hairy frogs, singing frogs, albino frogs and even glass frogs with translucent skin you can actually see through! Uncover the secrets of this amazing animal–that’s anuran to you frog specialists–layer by layer, in this new title in the popular Uncover It Series. Young frog fans will love dissecting all the weird and wild facts, cool illustrations and diagrams, and unique 3-D layered model of a frog. With every turn of the page, the frog is deconstructed before their eyes, as the model demonstrates the hidden workings of the frog’s body. Perfect for curious kids. Great gift. Excellent for classrooms. No live frogs need be dissected.
Baldwin, Robert F. This is the Sea that Feeds Us 3-9
Bang, Molly Common Ground: The Water, Earth, and Air We Share 4-8
Nobody Particular: One Woman’s Fight to Save the Bays 9-12
My Light [the sun provides the energy that powers everything on Earth, from planets and trees to machines and cities/ follow the light of the sun as it transformed into the energy we use every day in our homes/from windmills and solar cells to fossil fuels and dams/ways we use our natural resources to light up our world.] Ages 6-9
Living Sunlight: How Plants Bring The Earth To Life [shows children, teachers, and parents the remarkable magic of what makes us human.This informative yet dramatic book will mesmerize readers and help further a child’s understanding of the energy we share with all living things in nature. We are all dancing sunlight.] Extensive notes. Highly recommend. Ages 6 and up.
Ocean Sunlight: How Tiny Plants Feed the Seas (5-11) [From tiny aquatic plants to the biggest whale or fish, Bang presents a moving, living picture of the miraculous balance sustaining each life cycle and food chain deep within our wondrous oceans. On land or in the deep blue sea, we are all connected–and we are all a part of a grand living landscape. Celebrates the astonishing role our oceans play in human life.
Banks, Kate A Gift From the Sea [Learn about Geology]
Banks, Martin Conserving Rain Forests
Barner, Bob Bug Safari [“I was lost in a bug-infested jungle one hot summer day.” A young boy follows a long line of marching black ants hoping to find his way back to base camp. Illustrated glossary includes definitions of all the bugs found in the story.]
Barry, Frances Big Yellow Sunflower (PreK) – A seed is falling to the ground. What will it be? Turn the shaped pages as a mole, a worm, a snail, a bird, a bee, and other creatures watch the seed take root and sprout up through the soil. As each page fans out, revealing a bright splash of yellow, a gigantic sunflower unfolds in a brilliant display.
Little Green Frogs (PreK) – Frog eggs are floating in the pond, but how will they grow? Each shaped page shows a different stage: eggs hatching into tadpoles, the appearance of back and front legs in froglets, and finally, disappearing tails. Now the frogs are ready to hop up for air, onto the lily pads formed by the opened book.
Bateman, Donna M. Deep in the Swamp [count from one otter pup to ten baby crayfish as they learn about thespecial relationships between the parents and offspring of mammals, reptiles, birds, and insects that make their home in the Okenfenokee Swamp.]
Bauer, Marion Dane If Frogs Made Weather [lyrical poem/boy muses on the favorite weather of 10 different animals] Ages 4-8
Baylor, Byrd The Desert Is Theirs [Teacher Guide]
Beck, Paul The Field Guide to Safari Animals: Explore Exotic Africa (Ages 8 up ) [Inside this beautifully designed book, kids will discover the 1924 journal of fictional naturalist Rebecca Mayhew. Through her journal entries, they’ll read all about her exciting adventure across exotic Africa—from tracking lions in Nairobi to marveling at the birth of a baby giraffe in Botswana. Each page is filled with stunning photographs, maps, illustrations, and fascinating facts about Africa’s most spectacular animals. Kids can recreate animal scenes by setting up their own stunning display, featuring a cool diorama and 8 different animal models that they can assemble.]
Berger, Melvin and Gilda How Do Flies Walk Upside Down? 4-8
Can It Rain Cats and Dogs 4-8
Do Whales Have Belly Buttons? 4-8
Why do Volcanoes Blow Their Tops? 9-12
Do Tarantulas Have Teeth? 9-12
Do All Spiders Spin Webs? 9-12
Do Tornadoes Really Twist? 9-12
Look Out For Turtles Ages 5-9
Do Bears Sleep All Winter? Questions and Answers About Bears Ages 5-9
Dangerous Animals True or False? The mosquito is the most dangerous animal in the world. The great white shark eats more people than any other fish does. The beautiful poison dart frog is not really poisonous. True or False? – contains 22 true or false questions with a full-color photograph of dangerous animals on every page. (Ages 7-10)
Storms True or False? Can lightening strike twice? Do hurricanes form over warm water? Are snowflakes white? (Ages 7-10)
Birds [Do all birds lay eggs? Can penguins fly? Can owls see in the dark?…and much more.] (Ages 7-10)
Mammals [“Do all mammals live on land?” and “Is the mouse the smallest mammal?” Kids will read the question on the right-hand page and then flip it over to find out the answer. (Ages 7-10)
Amphibians [Do toads jump like frogs do? Are caecilians worms? Are salamanders fussy eaters? Kids will read the question on the right-hand page and then flip it over to find out the answer. (Ages 7-10)
Berkes, Marianne Seashells by the Seashore [collecting seashells/identification tear-out page]
Over in the Ocean: In a Coral Reef – Ages 3-8 [marine life, counting book to the tune of “Over in the Meadow”]
Over in the Jungle: A Rainforest Rhyme [Sing, clap, and count your way among enchanting rainforest animals to the rhythm of the whimsical favorite, “Over in the Meadow.” This rainforest is teeming with monkeys that hoot, ocelots that pounce, parrots that squawk, and boas that squeeze!] Ages 4-8
Going Around The Sun: Some Planetary Fun Ages 4-8 – Our Earth is part of a fascinating planetary family – eight planets and an odd bunch of solar system “cousins” – that spin, roll, tilt, blow and whirl around the Sun. Here, to the tune of “Over in the Meadow,” young ones can get a glimpse of our remarkable neighborhood, and our place in a very big universe.
Going Home: The Mystery of Animal Migration (Ages 4-9) – By foot, fin, and wing, many animals migrate home, sometimes over very long distances. They have no maps. They may skip many meals. Why do they do it? How do they find their way? For the migrating animals, their story is one of determination and accomplishment.
Over in the Forest: Come and Take a Peek [Children learn the ways of forest animals to the rhythm of Over in the Meadow as they leap like a squirrel, dunk like a raccoon, and pounce like a fox. They will also count the babies and search for ten hidden forest animals. Cut paper illustrations add to the fun in this delightful introduction to a woodland habitat.] PreK
Berkowitz, Jacob Jurassic Poop: What Dinosaurs (And Others) Left Behind [teaches kids about coprolites—preserved human and animal poop. The breezy style, bathroom humor and surprising scientific facts combine for a very kid-friendly approach to fossils.] Ages 8-12
Berne, Jennifer Manfish: A Story of Jacques Cousteau (Ages 5-8) [Before Jacques Cousteau became an internationally known oceanographer and champion of the seas, he was a curious little boy. In this lovely biography, poetic text and gorgeous paintings combine to create a portrait of Jacques Cousteau that is as magical as it is inspiring.] A beautiful tribute.
Bishop, Nic Forest Explorer: A Life-Sized Field Guide [Seven different life-size forest habitats, exploring the leaf-litter to the tree-top canopy through all four seasons/lush photographic scenes/”field notes” identify all animals/related intriguing facts about survival in each habitat/forest exploration hints, essential safety information, and a “picture index” for easy reference.] Ages 6-10
SPIDERS – For the first to third grade set, spiders are fascinating and suitably gruesome, especially when looked at in EXTREME close-up. Amazing images show the beauty and otherworldliness of spiders. Simple, engaging text conveys basic information about spiders as well as cool and quirky facts. One stop-action montage shows a spider leaping twenty times its body length!
FROGS [frogs are an endless source of fascination, especially when looked at VERY close up. See tiny poison dart frogs and mammoth bullfrogs, as Nic Bishop’s amazing images show the beauty and diversity of frogs from around the globe. And simple, engaging text conveys basic information about frogs — as well as cool and quirky facts.](Ages 6-8).
Butterflies And Moths [The simple, engaging text presents both basic information and fun, quirky facts about the insects’ appearance, habits, and life cycle–including a double gatefold spread of a butterfly in flight.] Ages 6-8. See also Butterflies (RL2)
Marsupials [Do you know about bettongs and bilbies? Or quolls and quokkas? And potoroos and pademelons? These animals live on the continent of Australia, along with kangaroos, koalas, and many other marsupials. With breathtaking full-page images and engaging text, Bishop introduces the beauty and diversity of these amazing animals. Quirky facts about marsupials’ appearance, habits, life cycle, index and glossary are included.]
LIZARDS [With breathtaking full-page images, including a double-gatefold spread, Sibert-Honor photographer Nic Bishop introduces the beauty and diversity of lizards.The simple, engaging text presents both basic information and fun, quirky facts about the appearance, habits, and life cycle of these amazing reptiles. An index and glossary are included.] Ages 6-9
Bonner, Hannah When Fish Got Feet, Sharks Got Teeth, and Bugs Began to Swarm: A Cartoon Prehistory of Life Long Before Dinosaurs [Take a fun, fact-filled trip back to Earth as it was 430 million years ago. Then, watch as continents drift and oceans take shape. Watch out (!) as fish get toothier, plants stretch skywards and bugs get bigger. Soon fish get feet and four-legged creatures stalk the planet. Here’s the story of Earth in conversational text, informative illustrations, and humorous cartoons. Complete with time line, pronunciation guide, glossary and index.] Ages 9 and Up. This book is amazingT!
Bonnin, Jenny; Kim McKay True Green Kids: 100 Things You Can Do to Save the Planet (Ages 9-12) [brings the core message that you can make a difference to a younger audience in an engaging, educational way. While primarily aimed at kids, the book also encourages the active involvement of parents, teachers, and other members of the community]
Bourgeois, Paulette The Dirt on Dirt (Ages 7-12) – Sunsets and rain couldn’t happen without dirt. Earthworms can be more than 6 m (20 ft.) long. The ground is made of seven giant plates that are in constant motion. African lungfish can hibernate in baked mud shells for as long as four years. A million invisible dust mites are lurking in your bed, feasting on your skin flakes.
Read about the many wonders of dirt, such as where dirt comes from, how to make the best dirt and where to dig for buried treasure. And you’ll find a bucketful of fun things to do with dirt, including how to build a bike racetrack in your backyard, bake a yummy mud cake, create fossil footprints and grow a garden playhouse. Dig in! THIS is a good book!
Branley, Franklyn M. Sunshine Makes the Seasons – Ages 5-8 (Revised May 2005)
Brehner, Barbara One Small Place by the Sea [seashore/recurring formation of tide pools/interdependence of their creatures/observation] Ages 5-8
One Small Place in a Tree [ A tiny hole forms by a bear’s claws. Timber beetles tunnel inside. The hole grows bigger and bigger. The hole transforms into a cozy hollow — home to salamanders, tree frogs, a family of white-footed mice.] Ages 5-8
Brown, Ruth The Old Tree [Cross-species cooperation helps to save a leafy home in an endearing, pastoral tale that features a final pop-up surprise.]
Brunelle, Lynn The World Almanac for Kids Puzzler Deck: Science (Ages 5-7) Make learning enjoyable and rewarding at home or in the classroom.
World Almanac for Kids Puzzler Deck: Science (Ages 9-11)
Bulion, Leslie Hey There, Stink Bug! (Ages 8-11). “This is / an insect world with humans in it. / We’ll seize the day, but they will win it.” Collection of poems and astonishing facts about the bugs who share our homes and gardens]
Bunting, Eve Anna’s Table – Ages 6-9 [“In my room against the wall I have a nature table filled with the wonders of the earth and sky and sea. Each one of them a miracle to me.”]
Burgan, Michael Not a Drop to Drink: Water for a Thirsty World (Ages 10 up) [Water is one of Earth’s hot environmental topics. The scarcity of clean drinking water will have dramatic consequences for humanity in the 21st century: water disputes could spark regional conflict, while increased desertification and drought could affect world food supplies and the future of farming. A clear message about this precious commodity and our urgent need to conserve it.
Burleigh, Robert and Ed Young Tiger of the Snows: Tenzing Norgay: The Boy Whose Dream Was Everest (Ages 7-10) – The story of the Sherpa who reached the top of Everest with Sir Edmund Hilary. [Learn More]
Burns, Loree Griffin Tracking Trash: Flotsam, Jetsam, and the Science of Ocean Motion (Ages 10 up) [Aided by an army of beachcombers, oceanographer Dr. Curtis Ebbesmeyer tracks trash in the name of science. From sneakers to hockey gloves, Curt monitors the watery fate of human-made cargo that has spilled into the ocean. The information he collects is much more than casual news; it is important scientific data. And with careful analysis, Curt, along with a community of scientists, friends, and beachcombers alike, is using his data to understand and protect our ocean. In engaging text and unforgettable images, readers meet the woman who started it all (Curts mother!), the computer program that makes sense of his data (nicknamed OSCURS), and several scientists, both on land and on the sea, who are using Curts discoveries to preserve delicate marine habitats and protect the creatures who live in them.]
Butterworth, Chris Sea Horse: The Shyest Fish in the Sea– ages 5-8 [discover the secrets of the sea horse…. With a head like a horse, a tail like a monkey, and a pouch like a kangaroo, the sea horse acts like a chameleon, changing color to ward off danger or to show that he and his mate are a lifelong pair. Watch their fascinating mating dance, as the two of them twine their tails together and twirl, before she places her eggs in his pouch to be born.]
How Did That Get In My Lunchbox?: The Story of Food [The best part of a young child’s day is often opening a lunchbox and diving in. But how did all that delicious food get there? Who made the bread for the sandwich? What about the cheese inside? Who plucked the fruit? And where did the chocolate in that cookie get its start? From planting wheat to mixing flour into dough, climbing trees to machine-squeezing fruit, picking cocoa pods to stirring a vat of melted bliss, here is a clear, engaging look at the steps involved in producing some common foods. Healthy tips and a peek at basic food groups complete the menu.]
Buxton, Jane H.; Jerry Pinkney, Illustrator Undersea Animals: A Dramatic Dimensional Visit to Strange Underwater Realms (Ages 4-8) [Each interactive spread encourages readers to explore a particular ocean environment and its cast of characters: an anemone rides a hermit crab, which looms from its shell, claws waving; a goosefish wiggles its lure to entice smaller fish into its umbrella-wide mouth; a coral reef brims with camouflaged creatures; a squid speeds through the water like a jet. Hints in the text direct kids to the harder-to-find pop-ups and the interactive features hidden within the layout, which reflect the way certain sea creatures blend into their seafloor seascape.]
Cassino, Mark with Jon Nelson The Story of Snow: The Science of Winter’s Wonder [How do snow crystals form? What shapes can they take? Why do star-shaped snow crystals usually have six arms? Are no two snow crystals alike? These questions and more are answered inside this exploration of the science of snow, featuring photos of real snow crystals in all their beautiful diversity.] (Ages 5-8)
Cherry, Lynne Flute’s Journey: The Life of a Wood 4 -8
Thrush 4 – 8
River Ran Wild 4 – 8 [Teacher Guide]
The Great Kapok Tree (RainForest) 4 – 8
The Shaman’s Apprentice (RainForest) 4 – 8
How Groundhog’s Garden Grew [stealing/sharing/community/planting a garden]
The Sea, The Storm, and The Mangrove Tangle
Chicola, Nancy A., Eleanor B. English Discovering World Geography With Books Kids Love [Adult]
Chin, Jason REDWOODS [A subway trip is transformed when a young boy happens upon a book about redwood forests. As he reads the information unfolds, and with each new bit of knowledge, he travels–all the way to California to climb into the Redwood canopy. Crammed with interesting and accurate information about these great natural wonders.] (Ages 6-8)
Chrustowski, Rick Bright Beetle Ages 6-8 [Ladybug Life Cycle]
Blue Sky Bluebird Ages 6-8
Cobb, Vicki [more books] I Face the Wind – Ages 5-7 [discover the science of wind/experiments/fun activities]
Cole, Joanna Magic School Bus on the Ocean Floor Ages 6-8 [Teachers’ Guide] [Word Search/scramble] [Ocean Animals]
Magic School Bus Inside A Hurricane
The Magic School Bus and the Climate Challenge Ages 7-10
Collard, Sneed B. III [books] Pocket Babies and Other Amazing Marsupials
The Deep-Sea Floor
Our Wet World
BEAKS! (2005) TEETH (2008) WINGS (2008)
Leaving Home
Butterfly Count – Annual July 4th Butterfly Count.
Reign of the Sea Dragons (Mesozoic Era ichthyosaurs, elasmosaurs, and pliosaurs)
Science Warriors: The Battle Against Invasive Species
LIZARDS (2012)
Cooper, Kay Too Many Rabbits and other Fingerplays [About Animals, Nature, Weather, and the Universe]
Cooper, Wade Night Creatures (Reading Level 2 – vocabulary and sentence length for beginning readers) [My fur is long and black and white. I walk in gardens late at night. If you scare me, I will spray a stinky smell. So stay away!” Children learn about skunks, owls, moths, bats, foxes, jaguars, bush babies, badgers, and kangaroos. The text is written in easy-to-read rhymes and is illustrated with irresistible photographs. Three pages of fun learning activities are designed to both challenge and entertain new readers.]
Corbett, Jim Jungle Lore
My India
Cornell, Joseph Sharing Nature With Children 9-12
Journey to the Heart of Nature 9- Up
Listening To Nature – Adult
Ocean Animals 7-Up
Rainforest Animals 7-UP
Cousins, Lucy Maisy’s Nature Walk A Maisy First Science Book [It’s a beautiful day, and Maisy is setting out on a nature walk. Little readers can pull the tabs to see a yellow flower unfurl, a snail poke out of its shell, a duckling hatch, a frog leap, and more. This Maisy First Science Book also prompts children to find treasures such as a chrysalis and a dragonfly.] Ages 2-5
Cowcher, Helen JAGUAR
Cowley, Joy Chameleon, Chameleon (Ages 5-7) [gorgeous photographs/simple text/Did You Know?]
Cumbaa, Stephen The Bones Book And Skeleton – The 12-inch, 24-piece skeleton is realistically designed with moving joints, and can be displayed in its clear plastic bell jar. The book is packed with projects, experiments, and facts about all the systems of the human body. The focus, of course, is on the bones—what they are made of, how they grow, how they work. New is an expanded section on paleontology and fossil remains incorporating the latest news from the field, including the newly discovered hobbit-sized humans from the last Ice Age.
Darian, Shea Grandpa’s Garden 4-10
Seven Times the Sun : Guiding Your Child Through the Rhythms of the Day -Adult
David, Laurie and Cambria Gordon Down-to-Earth Guide To Global Warming [Irreverent and entertaining, DOWN TO EARTH is filled with fact about global warming and its disastrous consequences, loads of photos and illustrations, as well as suggestions for how kids can help combat global warming in their homes, schools, and communities. Engagingly designed, DOWN TO EARTH will educate and empower, leaving readers with the knowledge they need to understand this problem and a sense of hope to inspire them into action.] Ages 9-12
Davies, Nicola Deserts (Ages 8-11) How they form/why they exists/how life adapts/Includes fun and easy projects]
Extreme Animals: The Toughest Creatures on Earth (Agaes 6 Up) Animals have adapted to survive in conditions that would kill a human quicker than you can say “coffin”! Discover how they do it in this amazing natural history book.
What’s Eating You?: Parasites–The Inside Story [Mites and lice, fleas, ticks, and tapeworms — most living creatures that have a habitat also are a habitat, including you (are you itchy yet?). Unwelcome guests — parasites — are everywhere, from the barnacles hitching a ride on a humpback whale’s head to the tiny flies that control a bee’s brain and make it literally dig its own grave. YUCK! Gross the kids out while they learn. They’ll love it.] (Ages 8-11)
READ, LISTEN & WONDER SERIES – All include Read-Aloug CD with Music & Facts (For Ages 5-8) Click Titles for descriptions. Wonderful introduction series.
Big Blue Whale
Bat Loves the Night
Surprising Sharks
One Tiny Turtle (Loggerhead turtles)
White Owl, Barn Owl (no CD)
Deacon, Alexis Slow Loris [lemur][slow-moving, nocturnal prosimian primates.] Ages 4-8
DeMunn, Michael Places of Power
de Paola, Tomie The Cloud Book
DeWitt, Lynda What Will the Weather Be? – Ages 5-9
Dorion, Christiane How the World Works: A Hands-On Guide to Our Amazing Planet (Ages 7+) – How do the ocean currents move? What is a carbon footprint? Why does it rain? This engaging book introduces the earth’s important cycles and offers an exciting way to learn geography and science. Packed with illustrations and paper fold-outs, flaps, pops, and more to boost interactive learning, it encourages children to think about the impact of human actions on our environment, while engendering respect for the natural world and all its harmonies.
How the Weather Works: A Hands-on Guide to Our Changing Climate (Ages 7-11) [What is a tornado? Why does it snow? How is a hurricane created? Find out in this novelty-packed introduction to our planet’s weather. Tackling both normal and extreme scenarios, this is an entertaining and enlightening exploration of the world’s weather. With bright, friendly illustrations, plus pop-ups, pull-tabs, and booklets.]
Doris, Ellen Woods, Ponds, & Fields (Real Kids Real Science Books) Published in association with the Children’s School of Science, Woods Hole, Massachusetts
Dorros, Arthur Rain Forest Secrets
A Tree Is Growing
Ant Cities
Follow the Water from Brook to Ocean
Feel the Wind
Dowson, Nick Tigress with Audio: Read, Listen, & Wonder Series (Ages 5-8) [One of nature’s most magical sights emerges from camouflage in this evocative, informative story about a mother tiger in the wild. Moving smooth as a river, her stripy coat bright as fire, a mother tiger runs, then vanishes into the tall grass. With plate-sized paws and a pink nose the size of your fist, she hunts and swims, cares for her cubs, and teaches them all her tiger tricks.]
NORTH: The Amazing Story of Arctic Migration [At the top of our world is a huge wild place called the Arctic. In the winter, it is a cold and barren land, where few animals can survive. But when spring comes, it brings with it animals from every corner of the earth. Gray whales, white cranes, wolves, and caribou begin their migrations as the snow melts, gradually making the long journey north. Once they reach their destination, they will raise their young, feast on the lush Arctic tundra, and bask in the sunlight that lasts all summer. Still, this season too must pass, and by the time winter grips the Arctic once again, the visitors have gone—only to return the following year.] Beautifully illustrated by Patrick Benson.
Duensing, Edward Talking to Fireflies, Shrinking the Moon. Nature Activities for all Ages.
Dunlap, Julie, and Marybeth Lorbiecki John Muir and Stickeen: An Icy Adventure with a No-Good Dog – Ages 6-9 [Excellent introduction to an extraordinary conservationist/Glacier Bay] [Learn More]
Dunphy, Madeliene Here Is the Tropical Rain Forest 4-8
Dyer, Sarah Five Little Fiends 4-8 – Five Fiends realize that the world is better when they share.
Ehlert, Lois Planting a Rainbow 4-8
Growing Vegetable Soup– Preschool
Waiting for Wings 3 Up [Butterfly metamorphosis]
Pie in the Sky
Nuts to You!
Leaf Man [Teacher Guide]
Elliott, David In the Wild [From the lion standing alone on the African savannah to the panda in a bamboo forest, from the rhinoceros with its boot-like face to the Arctic polar bear disappearing in the snow, the earth is full of curious and wonderful animals, each more extraordinary than the next. David Elliott’s pithy, lyrical verse and Holly Meade’s stunning woodcut and watercolor illustrations reveal a world of remarkable beauty and wonder.] (Ages 6-8)
Elwell, Peter Adios Oscar!: A Butterfly Fable [When Oscar the caterpillar discovers that he will one day become a butterfly, he’s overjoyed. To prepare, Oscar learns Spanish and dreams of flying through the purple Sierra Madre Mountains. But when Oscar emerges from his cocoon as a moth his dreams are dashed. There will be no trip to Mexico for Oscar — or will there?
Facklam, Margery Creepy, Crawly Caterpillars 8-11
Spiders and Their Web Sites 8-11
Lizards Weird and Wonderful 7-12
Faidley, Warren (“Cyclone Cowboy”) Wild Weather [Explore the world’s most extreme environments in this innovative new book. Visit Tornado Alley in the United States and take a close-up look at how these deadly twisters form. Find out from Warren what it”s like to be a storm-chaser, and learn about monsoons, tsunamis, blizzards, mirages, and the effects of weather phenomena like El Niño.] Ages 9 Up
Fern, Tracey E. Buffalo Music (Ages 5-8) [The story of how one woman helped save the buffalo, inspired by pioneer Mary Ann Goodnight. A story of determination, conservation, and the ability of one person to make a difference. Authors note, bibliography.]
Fisher, Aileen; Mique Moriuchi, Illustrator The Story Goes On – Ages: 4-8 [ongoing cycle of life. A seed sprouts and is quickly devoured by a bug. Then a bright green frog appears and makes a meal of the bug. And the story goes on…from bug to snake to hawk to hunter…until a seed begins to sprout.]
Fleisher, Paul Webs of Life Series: Each book focuses on ways in which plants and animals interact and affect one another in a specific community. Ages 8-11
Oak Tree
Tide Pool
Coral Reef
Salt Marsh
Mountain Stream
Fleming, Denise Where Once There Was a Wood Ages 4-8
Time To Sleep [Seasons: Transition to Autumn]
Florian, Douglas Insectlopedia 4-8 [see also]
Zoo’s Who (2005)
[Entire Collection]
Forsythe, Adrian How Monkeys Make Chocolate:Foods and Medicines from the Rainforests 9-12
Fox, Karen C. Older Than the Stars by Karen C. Fox – Ages 5-8 – Stunning illustrations and lively verse tell the story of the cosmic connections that tie human beings to the beginning of the universe. Simple, informative prose provides additional facts.
Fradin, Judith & Dennis Witness to Disaster: Volcanoes [A farmer’s field in Mexico is about to become the birthplace of the 2,000-foot high volcano known as Paracutin. Volcanoes brings you the shocking first-person reports of those who have witnessed the violent rage of a volcanic eruption.
Why do volcanoes erupt? What strange, changed landscapes do they leave behind? How can scientists predict future volcanic activity? And where were the deadliest eruptions in history? (Ages 9 and up)
Witness to Disaster: Hurricanes [Follow the action, from the first news reports of a hurricane called Katrina gathering out at sea, to eyewitness accounts of those who survive the epic devastation she finally wreaks along the Gulf Coast.Then look back at the history of these catastrophic storms and examine the science of hurricanes. How do they form? Why do they rage through the same regions? Which were the deadliest hurricanes in history? And how can scientists predict their landfall? All the answers are here.
Witness to Disaster: Droughts (Ages 8-11) [You’re a farmer in 1930s Oklahoma and you never thought you’d see this day. Your fields have literally turned to dust. This Depression the radio folks were talking about just reached the heartland. The epic disaster of the Dust Bowl brings home the cruel consequences of drought. The calamity that struck Depression-era America was startling for its far-reaching effects across our country, teaching us much about the nature of droughts and their dreadful devastation. The science section of this book examines the lessons from the Dust Bowl droughts for farmers, including the importance of topsoil. The history of droughts around the world compares impacts on a wide variety of societies. The final chapter looks at the latest tools and technologies developed to help us survive future droughts. The ample back matter will help students find sources to write informed and compelling reports on this subject.
Tornado!: The Story Behind These Twisting, Turning, Spinning, and Spiraling Storms [Through riveting narrative and eyewitness stories, young readers learn what it’s really like to be caught in a monster tornado. Captivating first-person accounts and news reports detail survivors’ experiences of the most destructive tornadoes ever to occur in the United States. And thrill-seekers’ reports add to the drama and suspense. Historical perspectives on the human experience of tornadoes and scientific perspectives on why twisters happen and how to keep people safe add to the intrigue of this fascinating topic. Ample back matter will help students find sources to write well-informed and compelling reports.] Ages 9 and up
Franco, Betsy Pond Circle [One summer night by a small pond, mayflies dart, beetles dive, frogs spring, skunks shuffle, and owls swoop. As a young girl watches, the circle of life unfolds. In the fashion of “This is the house that Jack built…” Food chain.] (Ages 6-9)
Frasier, Debra Out of the Ocean 4-8 [Classroom Support] [Create a photo booth]
The Incredible Water Show 4-8 [a neighborhood performance starring the world’s most astounding combination of atoms—H2O!] [Curriculum Guides]
Fredericks, Anthony D. Exploring the Oceans 9-12
Exploring the Universe 9-12
Exploring the Rainforest 9-12
Slugs 4-8
From Butterflies to Thunderbolts: Discovering Science With Books Kids Love [Teachers Resource]
Around One Cactus: Owls, Bats and Leaping Rats
Under One Rock: Bugs, Slugs and Other Ughs
In One Tidepool: Crabs, Snails and Salty Tails
Near One Cattail: Turles, Logs and Leaping Frogs 4-8
On One Flower: Butterflies, Ticks And a Few More Icks
French, Vivian Growing Frogs with Audio: Read, Listen, & Wonder Series (Ages 5-8) [each stage of frog’s growth]
Caterpillar Caterpillar (Ages 5-8) [stages of growth, explains how caterpillars shed their skins as they grow/emerges from pupa to butterfly]
Yucky Worms [find out where worms live, see how they move, and understand why gardeners consider them friends with the help of this humorous and informative look at an unappreciated — and fascinating — creature.] (Ages 4-8)
Nan Froman What’s That Bug?: Everyday Insects And Their Really Cool Cousins
Helen Frost Monarch and Milkweed (Ages 4-7) [The milkweed provides the perfect protection as the caterpillar turns into one of nature’s wonders, a chrysalis, before transforming into an even greater wonder: a monarch butterfly. Life cycle/ migration]
Fuhler, Carol J. Discovering Geography of North America With Books Kids Love [investigate books that explore themes of geography in relationship to specific regions of the US, Canada, Mexica] (Educators/parents for children grades 3-6)
Fullman, Joe 3-D Explorer: Rain Forest: A Journey from the River to the Treetops [Rain forests are literally bursting with life! Covering just 6% of the earth’s surface, rain forests are home to over 60% of all known animal species! From the riverbed to the treetops, explore the many fascinating layers of the rain forest. This amazing book gives kids a close-up view of the plants and animals that inhabit dense jungles. (Ages 7 and up). Highly recommend.
Gaff, Jackie I Wonder Why Pine Trees have Needles: and Other Questions About Forests (Ages:8-12) [Which forests have the tallest trees? Why are rainforest trees like umbrellas? Where do koalas live? What are people doing to save forests? Find out the answers to these and many more questions about forests and the animals, plants, and people who live in them.
Galbraith, Kathryn O. Arbor Day Square (Ages 4-8) – Frontier days on the prairie. Trains bring more people and more lumber to build houses, fences, and barns. New buildings are erected: a church with a steeple, a store with glass windows, even a schoolhouse with desks for seventeen children. But one thing is missing: trees.
George, Kristine O’Connell Hummingbird Nest: A Journal of Poems
Little Dog Poems
The Great Frog Race and Other Poems
Old Elm Speaks: Tree Poems
George, Jean Craighead One Day in the Tropical Rainforest 9-12
George, Lindsay Barrett Around the World : Who’s Been Here
Around the Pond : Who’s Been Here?
Gershator, Phillis When It Starts to Snow [Seasons: Transition Winter]
Gibbons, Gail Tell Me, Tree: All about Trees for Kids [parts of trees, function, fruits, photosynthesis, how to create a tree identification book]
Weather Forecasting – 4-8
Weather Words and What They Mean – 4-8
Recycle! – Ages 4-8
The Reasons for Seasons
Exploring the Deep, Dark Sea 4-8
Nature’s Green Umbrella:Tropical Rain Forrests 4-8
The Honey Makers
The Milk Makers
Owl 6-9 [from egg to owlet to fierce bird of prey, this book offers and insightful look at 21 types of owls believed to be living in North America.]
The Planets (Revised Edition 2008) – Ages 5-8 [explores our solar system’s planets in this absolutely up-to-date edition that includes Pluto’s new status as a dwarf planet.]
Ice Cream: The Full Scoop (Ages 4-8) – details the many firsts in ice cream history, from the earliest ice cream crank to the original waffle cone.
Galaxies, Galaxies! (Ages 4-8) [How many galaxies are there in the universe? For years astronomers thought that the Milky Way was the universe. Now we know that there are billions of them.]
Coral Reefs [This active environment is home to about 20,000 kinds of brilliantly coloured corals, plants, and animals-more sea creatures than are found anywhere else in the world. What is life like in a coral reef? What do corals eat? Why are corals more colourful at nighttime? Informative text and clear, detailed illustrations on this journey into the unique lives of coral reefs.]
SNAKES [There are about 3,000 kinds of snakes. Here is information about the different functions of these cold-blooded animals’ physical characteristics. One also learns how they live, how they give birth (most lay eggs, some give birth to live babies), and how they eat (they swallow their prey whole, sometimes while it is still alive).]
CORN (Ages 8-12) [Popcorn, corn on the cob, corn dogs, cornflakes–corn is used in many children’s favorite foods. This book offers a cornucopia of information about the history of corn as well as details concerning planting, cultivation, harvesting, and its many uses.]
Elephants of Africa [important facts about these mesmerizing animals, describing elephant behavior, habitats, diet, and more!] Ages 4-8
Tornadoes [what tornadoes are, how they form, the scale used for classifying them, and what to do in case one should be near you.] Ages 5-8
Hurricanes! [Learn how hurricanes are formed, how they are named and classified, and what to do if a dangerous storm is on the way.] (Ages 5-8)
Ladybugs [Ladybugs are a type of beetle that live on six of the seven continents. 5,000 different types of beetles? Includes descriptions of their characteristics, their four stages of development from egg to adult, and how they live. Did you know that Ladybugs eat insects that damage plants and are an important part of our environment?
Gibson, Amy Around the World on Eighty Legs (Ages 7-9) [Awake with the HOWLER MONKEYS, twist into a pretzel like a QUETZAL, hang with a SLOTH, be will-nilly like a CHINCHILLA. Squawk with an AUK, bump your rump like a CAMEL, be silly with a BILBY, and drift off to sleep in the deep of the OUTBACK. Fun-filled and fact-packed.] Illustrated world map and a helpful “menagerie of facts” included.
Gill, Shelley Big Blue [Swimming with a Blue Whale. Based on true story.] Ages 6-8
Glaser, Linda Compost! Growing Gardens from Your Garbage Ages 4-8
Goodall, Jane The Chimpanzees I Love: Saving Their World and Ours – Ages 9 Up
Goodman,Susan Bats, Bugs, and Biodiversity :
Adventures in the Amazonian Rain Forest 9-12
Gordon, David George Uncover a Dolphin (Ages 8 and up) [Did you know that there are 37 different species of dolphins? Or that dolphins drink milk? That they take naps? Or that some scientists believe that the dolphin’s ancestors once walked upright on land? Here, 3-D, layered models let children look through a dolphin’s insides while they encounter interesting facts and vivid illustrations along the way.]
Gove, Doris My Mother Talks to Trees – Ages: 6-9 [tree identification]
Green, Jen 3-D Explorer: Oceans: A Journey from the Surface to the Seafloor (Ages 8 and up) – Did you know that an estimated 80% of all life on earth is found in the ocean? Dive in and discover all of the amazing secrets of the world’s oceans.. Five spectacular 3-D pop-up panoramas feature clever transparent layers, revealing each ocean zone from the surface to the seafloor. Highly recommend.
Greenaway, Theresa Jungle 9-12
Grindley, Sally Why Is The Sky Blue? 4-8
Grupper, Jonathan Destination: Rain Forest
Guiberson, Brenda Z. Into the Sea [Sea Turtles]
The Emperor Lays an Egg [Penguins]
Spoonbill Swamp [spoonbill and an alligator]
Moon Bear – Moon Bear is the true story about the Asian Black Bear, an endangered species so stunning and unique that these huge, majestic creatures seem like imaginary creations. (Rudyard Kipling called the Moon Bear “the most bizarre of the ursine species.”) Illustrated by Ed Young, this book captures the natural cycles of these ever-hungry omnivores, who hibernate, sleep, or just nap when they’re not foraging for food. Author’s notes and actual pictures included.
Gomel, Luc The Ant: Energetic Worker (Face-To-Face) Ages 4 -8
[Includes Quiz at end of book]
Guiberson, Brenda Z. Rain, Rain, Rainforest Ages 6 Up [beautiful tour and creatures of the tropical rainforest]
Haas, Irene A Summertime Song (Ages 4-8) If your 4-8 year old loves frogs, and turtles and lizards, parties, summer and happy endings, this is the book.
Haas, Robert B. African Cirtters (Ages 6-11) [Dramatic first-person narrative and close-up photography that brings kids into the thick of the action, Rare glimpse into the struggles for survival in the African wilderness. Stories and photographs that portray actual events: leopard cubs coming out of their cave to play; charged by protective adult elephants who surround a new-born; side-by-side with a clan of wild dogs as they hunt impalas. All the stories in the book are intimate, engaging, and true.]
Halls, Kelly Milner Mysteries of the Mummy Kids [Some of the most shocking discoveries ever found were children—frozen in time, wrapped in splendor, preserved in dark bogs. Find out how children around the world lived, died, and were preserved—on purpose or by accident.] (Ages 10-14)
In Search of Sasquatch: An Exercise in Zoological Evidence [Sasquatch, also known as Bigfoot, is a cryptid—a creature of cryptozoology. Cryptozoology is the study of creatures not recognized by traditional science, and it is the quest to understand things that cannot be proven via ordinary channels. Kelly Milner Halls interviews cryptozoologists, linguistics experts, anthropologists, biologists, and regular people like us who have seen, heard, or maybe stumbled across evidence leading them to believe that Sasquatch is real. Serious Sasquatch seekers are as skeptical as unbelievers. They are not out to collect great stories. They are out to put together facts. The difference is, they are willing to keep an open mind. Do you believe in Sasquatch?] (Ages 9-12)
Hammerslough, Jane Owl Puke: Book and Owl Pellet – All Ages – What is an owl pellet? It’s the football-shaped object regurgitated twice a day by owls, which contains the skeleton of at least one owl meal, be it a mouse, vole, shrew, or small bird. Used in elementary schools to teach the food web–but virtually unavailable at retail–a professionally collected, heat-sterilized owl pellet is now married to a lively, two-color illustrated book filled with facts and related activities about these most amazing birds. And what a story the Owl Puke Book tells–of the food chain, animal anatomy, life in the forest; of a bird that could read the bottom line of an eye chart from one mile away; and of a fierce hunter that swallows its prey headfirst and digests everything but the bones, which it spits back up in a pellet. As for the story the pellet tells, kids need only a toothpick to find out. The package includes a tray to hold the bones and a chart to help identify the pellet’s contents.
Harley, Avis African Acrostics: A Word in Edgeways [The wild animals of Africa spring to life in clever, lighthearted poems and compelling, evocative photographs. Inclues ature notes with fascinating facts.] Ages 7-10
Harper, Jamie Miss Mingo and the First Day of School – Ages 5-8 [From the enormous Hippo to the teeny Ant, each member of Miss Mingo’s class is certainly unique. Do you have any idea how long Giraffe’s tongue is? Or how much water Pelican’s pouch can hold? Visit Miss Mingo’s classroom for just one day and meet a delightfully diverse group of students]
Harris, Caroline Whales and Dolphins
Harris, Linda D. Whales and Dolphins (Ages: 6-9) [Includes fun and easy projects]
Harrison, David L. Glaciers: Nature’s Icy Caps (Ages 6-8)
BUGS (poems about creeping things) [good read aloud] – Ages 4-8
Harshman, Marc Red Are the Apples Ages 3-7 [autumn colors/food/garden]
Harshman, Terry Webb Does a Sea Cow Say Moo? (Ages 4-6) [Can you wish on a starfish? And saddle a sea horse? Does a Sea Cow say moo? What about a clown fish? What’s a bed doing in the sea? Starfish? Read about them all (and the silly facts at the back of the book]
Hasler, Eveline In My Dreams I Can Fly (Ages 4 up) [Winter is on its way. Below the ground, five friends — a grub, a beetle, two worms, and a caterpillar –are settling in for the winter. But what will they do all winter long? What will they eat? What will they dream of?]
Hatkoff, Juliana et al Looking for Miza: The True Story of an Orphaned Baby Gorilla (Ages 8-12) [In a magical place called the Congo, in the beautiful forests and jungles of Virunga National Park, lives a young female mountain gorilla named Miza. One day, when Miza and her mother were out searching for food, Miza’s mother disappeared, leaving her baby alone and frightened. Miza’s father, a fierce silverback named Kabirizi and the leader of Virunga’s largest family of mountain gorillas, set out to find Miza. The Congolese rangers, who dedicate their lives to protecting the gorillas, were searching for Miza, too. Everyone was worried about her. Then something amazing happened: Kabirizi found Miza and brought her back to live with her family.]
Winter’s Tail: How One Little Dolphin Learned To Swim Again [Winter is a dolphin. Just over two years ago, when she was a baby, she was rescued from a crab trap, her tail seriously damaged. Winter was rushed to Clearwater Marine Aquarium, a marine animal hospital. It wasn’t clear that she would survive. She did, but eventually the tail fell off and Winter compensated by swimming more like a fish than a dolphin which was seriously damaging her spine.But Winter has been learning how to use a prosthetic tail.]
Leo, The Snow Leopard [About one little snow leopard who inspired an international community to help save him.]
Hawes, Judy Why Frogs Are Wet Ages 5-9
Herkert, Barbara Birds in your Backyard – Ages 4-10 [Describes the physical characteristics, habits, and natural environment of various North American birds/provides tips for observing backyard birds/learn how to attract birds/identify common backyard birds/distinctive behaviors of different species/ how to make a nest box, official state and provincial birds in the U.S. and Canada]
Hickman, Pamela Animals And Their Mates: How Animals Attract, Fight For and Protect Each Other (Animal Behavior) [from brilliantly colored birds to slimy slugs and smelly seals, learn how and where animals mate, and much more] [Ages 7-11]
Animals Hibernating: How Animals Survive Extreme Conditions [Ages 7-11]
It’s Moving Day [Ages 5-7] – Tucked away beneath a big tree on the edge of a field lies a home a small burrow for many. In every season, a different creature makes its home here and then moves on, making room for the next occupant. Engaging and informative introduction to woodland animals in their habitat.
Hill, Julia “Butterfly” The Legacy of Luna : The Story of a Tree, a Woman, and the Struggle to Save the Redwoods
Hillman, Ben How Big Is It? (What’s the Big Idea?) – This BIG title removes the confusion of the abstract by teaching size through eye-catching juxtaposition in “oh wow!” images. For instance, any idea about the size of the mysterious Giant Squid of the deep? Sure, you could read that it’s 59.5 ft. long. While that sounds impressive enough, it’s a little abstract. However, when you see a full-color illustration of a Giant Squid placed in front of the entire length of a farmhouse, you get a real idea of what 59.5 feet means!
Himmelman, John Frog in a Bog [What is a Bog? What Lives in a Bog? Life in a Bog.]
Mouse in a Meadow – Ages: PreK-6 years [From spiders to weasels, spittlebugs to beetles, take an up-close look at life in a typical North American meadow.]
Hoberman, Mary Ann Whose Garden Is It? (Ages 3-7) – The gardener believes it belongs to him, but the insects and animals, and even the tiny seeds stake a claim.
Hodge, Deborah Who Lives Here? Rain Forest Animals (Ages 3-7) – Defines the Rain Forest. Informative look at characteristics and habitats of nine animals. Parent/Teacher section. Kids will enjoy and pick up on their own.
Who Lives Here? Polar Animals (Ages 3-7) – Defines the Polar Region. Informative look at characteristics and habitats of nine animals. Parent/Teacher section. Kids will enjoy and pick up on their own.
Up We Grow!: A Year in the Life of a Small, Local Farm [an informative and inspiring book highlighting the importance of small, local farms. Heartwarming photos invite children into the world of a small, co-operative farm over four seasons. Readers will get to know the hardworking farmers who plow, plant, compost, mulch, harvest and market fruits and vegetables, and care for animals.] Ages 4-7. Excellent resource for the annual field trip to the farm for Pre-schoolers.
Hoose, Phillip The Race to Save the Lord God Bird – Ages 12 Up [The tragedy of extinction is explained through the dramatic story of a legendary bird, the Ivory-billed Woodpecker, and of those who tried to possess it, paint it, shoot it, sell it, and, in a last-ditch effort, save it.]
Horacek, Petr Butterfly Butterfly: A Book of Colors – Ages 3-5 – Lucy sees a beautiful butterfly in the garden, along with a bright green beetle, a brilliant blue dragonfly, some red ladybugs, and many more flying and crawling things. But when will the radiant butterfly appear again? Colorful look at insect critters through die-cuts and a final pop-up surprise.
Horsfall, Jacqueline Play Lightly on the Earth 3-9
Howker, Janni Walk with a Wolf with Audio: Read, Listen, & Wonder Series (Ages 5-8) [a journey to the far, wild north as she hunts, howls to her pack and greets her cubs and black-furred mate.]
Ireland, Karin Wonderful Nature, Wonderful You 9-12
Iverson,Diane Discover the Seasons 3-Up
I Celebrate Nature4-8
My Favorite Tree: Terrific Trees of North America
Jackson, Ellen Earth Mother (Illustrated by Leo and Diane Dillon) [The circle of life turns in unexpected ways.Earth Mother awakes with the dawn. As she walks the land, swims the seas, and climbs the mountains, nurturing all of creation, she comes across Man, Frog, and Mosquito. They each give her thanks for nature’s bounty, yet can’t help but give her advice about making their lives better.
Jarrett, Clare Arabella Miller’s Tiny Caterpillar [When Arabella Miller finds a tiny caterpillar, she brings him home and feeds him lots and lots of leaves. Soon the not-so-tiny caterpillar sheds his skin and disappears inside his chrysalis. Arabella misses her friend, but when he finally emerges, she is filled with wonder at the beautiful creature he has become. Clare Jarrett’s sweet story and vibrant illustrations weave details about a caterpillar’s transformation into this elaboration on the song “Little Arabella Miller.”] Ages 4-6
Jauck, Andrea and Larry Points Assateague Island of the Wild Ponies
Ribbons of Sand : Exploring Atlantic Beaches
Jenike, David and Mark A Walk through a Rain Forest: Life in the Ituri Forest of Zaire 4-8
Jenkins, Martin APE [With compelling illustrations and a conservationist slant, this look at four rare great apes — and one very familiar one — is a book to go ape over. Gorgeous illustrations.] (Ages 5-9)
The Emperor’s Egg with Audio: Read, Listen, & Wonder Series (Ages 5-8) [Fabulous facts about nature’s most devoted dad. Can you imagine spending the winter outdoors in Antarctica without anything at all to eat? That’s just what the male Emperor penguin does. While his mate is off swimming in the ocean and catching loads of fish, he stands around in the freezing cold with an egg on his feet for two whole months, keeping it warm and waiting for it to hatch.]
Can We Save the Tiger? (Ages 5-7) [Tigers are pretty special — and so are ground iguanas and partula snails and even white-rumped vultures. But these and many other animals are in danger of disappearing altogether, joining the dodo, the marsupial wolf, the great auk, and countless other animals we will never see again. Using the experiences of a few endangered species as examples, Martin Jenkins highlights the ways human behavior can either threaten or conserve the amazing animals that share our planet.]
Jenkins, Steve and Robin Page How Many Ways Can You Catch a Fly? (Ages 5-10) [Flies are fast! They can hover, walk upside down, and use their lightning-quick reflexes to escape predators. But rainbow trout, slender lorises, and assassin bugs can catch them. Chimney swifts can, too. How do such diverse creatures manage to capture the same prey? Similar in structure to What Do You Do with a Tail Like This?, this eye-popping picture book introduces readers to a menagerie of animals that approach the same challenges in very different ways.]
Time for a Bath (Ages 4-8) [Find out which animals soak, lick, bake, or spray their dirt away. Very well done.]
Time to Eat (Ages 4-8) [Which animals eat bamboo, can gulp down a whole deer, or swallow rocks to help them eat?] Also very well done.
Just a Second: A Different Way to Look at Time by Steve Jenkins. [This book works on so many levels: Concepts / Counting & Numbers, Animals/ Science and Nature] Ages 5-9
The Beetle Book by Steve Jenkins – Ages 5-12 [From the goliath beetle that weighs one fourth of a pound to the nine inch long titan beetle, Jenkins presents a fascinating array of these intriguing insects and the many amazing adaptations they have made to survive. This is an amazing book!
Sisters and Brothers: Sibling Relationships in the Animal World [Did you know that anteaters are always only children and nine-banded armadillos are always born as identical quadruplets? Cut-and-torn collages and amazing biology make this a winner.]
Dogs and Cats (Jenkins) [Are you a cat lover? A dog person? Read about how your favorite companion came to be a pet and how its body works. Then, flip the book over and find out about the other kind. An amazing book filled with great information, visual facts, and lots of animal history.]
Johnson, Jinny Animal Tracks and Signs: Track Over 400 Animals From Big Cats to Backyard Birds (Ages 12 up) [Learn about animals in a whole new way: from the signs they leave behind. What does a row of tracks signify? What can we tell from an accumulation of twigs left behind in the crook of a tree? What are those squiggly marks in the sand? Tracks and footprints; feeding signs; droppings and pellets; animal dens, nests, and hiding places; and other specific signs of animal behavior.
Johnston, Tony The Whole Green World [A rhyming story about planting some seeds./lyrical/lovely decorated-paper collages/illustrations]
Jonas, Ann Bird Talk
Kajikawa, Kimiko Tsunami! – When an elder villager sees a monster wave pulling away from the beach, he knows it’s a Tsunami! But the villagers below can’t see the danger. Will he risk everything he has to save them? Illustrated in stunning collage by Ed Young, this is the unforgettable story of how one man’s simple sacrifice saved hundreds of lives. An extraordinary celebration of both the power of nature and the power each of us holds within. Based on a true story. (Ages 5-8)
Kaner, Etta Animals Migrating [How, When, Where and Why Animals Migrate] Ages 7-11 (April 2005)
Who Likes the Wind? {Answers questions about wind, sun, rain and snow with simple scientific concepts.] Ages PreK-7
Karwoski, Gail Langer TSUNAMI: The True Story of an April Fools’ Day Disaster [Hawaiin beach, April 1, 1946/historical perspective/cause of this disaster/variety of viewpoints/other significant historic tsunamis] (Ages 9-12)
Kessler, Cristina Jubela [based on a real-life experience of an orphaned rhino]
King-Smith, Dick All Pigs are Beautiful with Audio: Read, Listen, & Wonder Series (Ages 5-8) [Do you know that a pig can get sunburn? Do you know what pigs use for suncreen? Everything you ever wanted to know about pigs]
Kneidel, Sally Classroom Critters and the Scientific Method
[Home or Classroom Experiments]
Slugs, Bugs and Salamanders: Discovering Animals in Your Garden
Klutz Editors Mother Nature Goes Nuts!:Amazing Natural Disasters [Tornadoes, hurricanes, earthquakes, tsunamis, floods and volcanoes each get their own sections, including the global warming trend.] Ages 8 up
Koch, Maryjo Pond Lake River Sea All Ages
Bird Egg Feather Nest
Seed Leaf Flower Fruit
Kogan Ray, Deborah The Flower Hunter: William Bartram, America’s First Naturalist Ages 8-11
Dinosaur Mountain: Digging into the Jurassic Age Ages 8 and Up (2010)
Kooser, Ted Bag in the Wind (Ages 5 and up) – Follow a plastic bag on its capricious journey from a landfill into a series of townspeople’s lives— a can-collecting girl, a homeless man, a store owner. Includes an author’s note on recycling plastic bags.]
Kondonassis, Yolanda Our House Is Round: A Kid’s Book About Why Protecting Our Earth Matters (Ages 5-8) [ gently guides young readers through a smartly narrated conversation illuminating the concept of global connection and environmental cause and effect. This book teaches the “whys” behind earth conservation in a colorful, positive way that encourages maturity, responsibility, and problem-solving discussion. Author Yolanda Kondonassis encourages children to answer questions about their planet and discusses the issues of global warming, recycling, energy conservation, planting trees, and more.] Learn More
Kraul, Walter Earth, Water, Fire and Air: Playful Explorations in the 4 Elements – [Guide for Adults of children 6 to 12]
Kroll, Virginia With Love, to Earth’s Endangered People 9-12
Mother Love Preschool
Kudlinski, Kathleen V. The Sunset Switch (Ages 4-8) [the time of day when daytime animals go to sleep and nighttime animals take over.]
Landau, Elaine Tropical Forest Mammals 4-8
Lauber, Patricia Snakes Are Hunters – 5-9
Lasky, Kathryn She’s Wearing a Dead Bird on Her Head 4-8
The Most Beautiful Roof in the World: Exploring the Rainforest Canopy 9-12
Pond Year
Shadows in the Dawn:The Lemurs of Madagascar
John Muir: America’s First Environmentalist [Life story of the man who, moved by a commitment to wilderness everywhere, founded the Sierra Club in 1892, a conservation group that carries on his crucial work to this day. Liberal quotes from John Muir’s own diaries.]
Interrupted Journey: Saving Endangered Sea Turtles (Ages 8-11)
One Beetle Too Many: The Extraordinary Adventures of Charles Darwin [Describes the life and work of the renowned nineteenth-century biologist who transformed conventional Western thought with his theory of natural evolution.] Highly accessible. (Ages 7-12)
Silk and Venom: Searching for a Dangerous Spider (Ages 9 and up) [In search of the elusive Loxosceles — the deadly recluse spider — whose venom may hold in its DNA the answer to many scientific questions. We see firsthand the fearless search (sometimes enlisting the help of local schoolchildren), through outdoor markets, garbage dumps, and the desertlike interior of the Dominican Republic. A lively, informative narrative and intimate photos of everything from careful venom-milking in a lab to multicolored spiders in shimmering webs.]
Lawton, Caroline Bugs A to Z (Ages 4 and up) [The perfect book for all kids who are fascinated with bugs. Simple text from A to Z provides buggy facts and figures. Larger than life full-color photographs of creepy crawlies include locusts, caterpillars, beetles, flies, grasshoppers, ants, praying mantis, and more!]
Lee, Dora Biomimicry: Inventions Inspired by Nature (Ages 8-12) [Biomimicry examines the extraordinary innovations of the natural world and the human inventions they have inspired. Readers will learn about marvels such as high-performance swimsuits modeled after sharkskin and the sleek front ends of Japanese bullet trains based on the long, streamlined beak of the kingfisher. There’s also plenty about what glimmers on the horizon: A Brazilian beetle may be key to developing computers that run on light, and the gecko’s humble foot may hold the secret to revolutionizing the way surgical wounds are closed. Best of all, nature’s inventions are lean, green machines that are self-sustaining and generate zero waste — yet another cue humans are taking from the natural world. Astounding facts, easy-to-understand prose and luminous illustrations bring the wonders of nature into the science lab.]
Lerner, Carol My Indoor Garden
My Backyard Garden
On the Wings: American Birds in Migration – Ages 8 and up
Butterflies in the Garden 7-9 – Lure butterflies to your garden.
Lessem, Don Dinosaurs to Dodos: An Encyclopedia of Extinct Animals
Inside the Amazing Amazon
Levinson, Nancy Smiler Rain Forests (RL2, Ages 6-8) [Thousands of different kinds of animals and plants live in each of the two types of rain forests (tropical and temperate). Fascinating facts teach beginning readers about rain forests from all over the world.]
Lewin, Betsy Gorilla Walk
Elephant Quest
Walk a Green Path
Lewin, Ted Gorilla Walk
Elephant Quest
Tooth and Claw (2003)
Lewington, Anna Antonio’s Rain Forest
Lewis, J. Patrick Earth & Us Series Ages 5-10
Earth & Us Continuous: Nature’s Past & Future [The Earth is a house, and its roof is the…Sky…Creatures of every species depend upon the careless ribbons of sky that blow the breath of life] [major land formations/ecosystems/global awareness]
Earth & You: A Closer View: Nature’s Features [free verse/terrestrial features and habitats/continuity]
Earth and Me, Our Family Tree: Nature’s Creatures [poetic conversations between pairs of creatures in each major habitat]
Llewellyn, Claire The Best Book of Sharks (Ages 4-8)
Ask Dr. K. Fisher About Planet Earth (Ages 5-8) – Dr. K. sympathetically responds on the subject of planet earth—about earthquakes, tides, climate, and all the things the animals observe about their surroundings. With a removable letter to readers, engaging artwork, and plenty of core knowledge, Ask Dr. K. Fisher is a hilarious and innovative approach to learning the Earth’s geography.
Locker, Thomas Sky Tree: Seeing Science Through Art 4-8
Water Dance
Cloud Dance
Mountain Dance
Walking With Henry: Based on the Life and Works of Henry David Thoreau
London, Jonathan Flamingo Sunset (Ages 5-8) – The life cycle of flamingos. Includes Author’s Notes.
Lourie, Peter THE MYSTERY OF THE MAYA: Uncovering the Lost City of Palenque
MISSISSIPPI RIVER: A Journey Down the Father of Waters
AMAZON: A Young Reader’s Look at the Last Frontier
Lost Treasure of the Inca
Erie Canal: Canoeing America’s Great Waterway
Hudson River: Adventure from the Mountains to the Sea
The Lost Treasure of Captain Kidd
Rio Grande: From the Rocky Mountains to the Gulf of Mexico
The Polar Bear Scientiests (2012)
Loy, Jessica Follow the Trail: A Young Person’s Guide to the Great Outdoors – Ages 7-11 – [Basic camping activities that include: identifing trees, wildflowers, animal tracks, facts about weather, lay a trail for fellow campers, learn to tie knots, identify constellations, rainy day suggestions, and most importantly instructions for building a campfire.
Lumry, Amanda Dolphins In Danger (Adventures of Riley) (Ages 7-10) [true-to-life, authentic descriptions of tracking animals in the wild! There’s lots to absorb and learn in this book]
Safari In South Africa (Adventures of Riley) (Ages 7-10) [Mission: to study baby wild animals and predator/prey relationships. Accompanied by local guides, they encounter cheetahs, lions, elephants, wild dogs, baboons, giraffes, and a rare black rhino.]
Riddle Of The Reef (Adventures of Riley) [Australia’s Great Barrier Reef]
Maass, Robert Garbage
Malnor, Bruce and Carol Earth Heroes: Champions of the Wilderness [The Earth Heroes books feature the youth, careers and lasting contributions of some of the world s greatest naturalists and environmentalists. This volume includes eight historic and contemporary greats: Henry David Thoreau, John Muir, Theodore Roosevelt, Aldo Leopold instrumental in creating the world s first wilderness preserve; Richard St. Barbe Baker, who spearheaded the first major international reforestation campaign; Mardy Murie who worked to preserving huge wilderness tracts in Alaska; David Suzuki, eminent Canadian scientist and broadcaster; and Wangari Maathai, a Kenyan woman who focused on the social impact of the environment.] (Ages 10-14)
Earth Heroes: Champions of Wild Animals [features the youth and careers of eight of the world s greatest environmentalists who championed the protection of wildlife. It includes the historic and contemporary figures of William Hornaday (saved the bison from extinction), Ding Darling (A Duck s Best Friend), Rachel Carson (author of Silent Spring), Roger Tory Peterson (Inventor of the Modern Field Guide), R.D. Lawrence (Storyteller for Wolves), E.O. Wilson (Lord of the Ants), Jane Goodall (Champion for Chimps), and Ian and Saba Douglas-Hamilton (Saving the Elephants. (Ages 10-14)
Malnor, Carol L. and Trina L. Hunner Molly’s Organic Farm [Whoosh . . . the wind blows open a creaky gate. Inquisitive and mischievous, a homeless little cat scampers through—and suddenly finds herself in the wondrous world of an organic farm! Affectionately named “Molly” by the farmers who discover her, she romps, naps, and hunts among the vegetables. Seen through Molly’s eyes, the reader discovers the interplay of nature that grows wholesome food. But what will happen to Molly when winter comes? Based on a true story, Molly will touch children’s hearts while introducing them to plants and the key elements of growing food organically. Standards-based science concepts and activities at the end of the book expand the message of the story.] [different visions of modern environmentally conscious farm life] (Ages 4-7)
Malnor, Carol and Sandy F. Fuller The BLUES Go Birding Across America (Ages 5-9) – In a synchronistic blend of caricature and realism, five adorable cartoon bluebirds – a band in search of a different song for their upcoming concert – go birdwatching (and bird-listening) across the continent. Along the way they see remarkable (real) birds from the bald eagle in Alaska to mallard ducks in Boston, and discover the joys of birdwatching. The book is chock full of information about the birds, in the form of “field guide” pages, journal entries by the BLUES, and birding tips.
The BLUES Go Birding at Wild America’s Shores [five adorable cartoon bluebirds go on another bird watching adventure. This time they follow in the footsteps of the famed Roger Tory Peterson, and see birds on every coastline of America. Filled with both information and fun, the BLUES are a delightful introduction to birdwatching and the major shorebird species.]
Manning, Mick YUCK! (Ages: 3-5) [With a funny and rhythmic text perfect for reading aloud, this fun “gross-out” information book for young children is about animal babies — a crow, lizard, osprey, toad, and owl -and the foods they like to eat — a worm tugged out of the ground, a stinky rotten egg, a spider with eight hairy legs, a whole raw fish, a crunchy beetle, and a furry rat. The authors’ colorful artwork and natural history background make this book both lively and educational.]
Markle, Sandra Outside and Inside Giant Squid (Ages 9-12) [Explore the eerie world of giant squid, a creature never yet seen alive! Marvelous presentation for budding biologists]
Little Lost Bat (Ages 7-9) A tender story of sorrow and hope. A baby Mexican free-tailed bat clings to the ceiling of a crowded noisy cave, waiting for his mother to return from her daily hunting trip. After three days of searching and waiting, he is rescued by a bat that is in a strangely similar circumstance. A surprising story of adoption in the animal kingdom based on current research.
Finding Home Ages 7-9 – A remarkable story of survival chronicles the challenges faced by a mother koala: protecting herself and her joey from a raging bushfire, and finding food and a new home after their home range is destroyed. Based on a true story. Back matter includes facts about koalas, an author’s note about Cinders, the real-life koala that survived two bushfires, and resources for learning more about koalas and their habitat.
Animals Robert Scott Saw: An Adventure in Antartica (Ages 7-10) – November 1901, Scott made his first trip to Antarctica and spent two years studying the land the wildlife.
Animals Christopher Columbus Saw: An Adventure in the New World (Ages 7-10)
Insects: Biggest! Littlest! [How does it help one kind of insect to be huge? How does it help another kind to be tiny? Still others have really large or small features. Find the answers to these and many other questions about creeping, crawling insects of all sizes.] Beautiful photographs. (Ages 6-10)
Animals Marco Polo Saw: An Adventure on the Silk Road [exotic animals Marco Polo encountered during his explorations in Asia how the animals sometimes affected the outcome of the journey and even helped the explorer survive!] (Ages 7-10)
Animals Charles Darwin Saw [features the many distinct creatures Darwin encountered during his worldwide voyage as a ship’s naturalist. Readers will learn how the animals Darwin studied have had a dramatic effect on life today.] (Ages 7-10)
Hip-Pocket Papa [An up-close look at the miniature world of the male Australian hip-pocket frog. Papa is no bigger than an adult human’s thumbnail and cares for his children as they grow from tadpoles to young froglets inside the pouches on his legs.](Ages 6-9)
Martin, Ruth A Kaleidopops Book: BUGS (Ages 5-8) [incredible pop-ups reveal the shimmering colors of the insect kingdom. Pull back the undergrowth to see dazzling dragonflies darting over the water, beautiful butterflies basking in the sunlight, and a magnificent mantis eyeing its prey. Certainly will intrigue kids]
A Kaleidopops Book: OCEANS (Ages 5-8) [incredible pop-ups that reveal the amazing colors that exist beneath the waves. Watch ocean life change colors for hunting, defense, and communication. Discover a gian squid, dodge a box fish and spot an octopus as it shows off to atrract a mate.]
Marx, Trish Everglades Forever: Restoring America’s Great Wetland (Ages 8-12) [Every year the students in Mrs. Stone’s fifth grade class at Avocado Elementary School in Homestead, Florida, study the Everglades, culminating with a field trip. They explore two different regions and learn about the unique habitats, plants, and animals of the Everglades as well as the causes of the current-day problems, which began in the 1920s when industrial and residential development began encroaching on the southern part of Florida, polluting and draining the Everglades water and disrupting its natural flow. They also learn about the 30-year, 8 billion dollar Everglades Restoration Project that is underway to restore the natural water flow and clean up the pollution, thus preserving the unique forms of life that depend on Everglades water.]
Mason, Adrienne Owls [How owls hunt is just one of fourteen topics in this clearly written look at the two main groups of owls—typical owls and barn owls. You’ll find out where owls live, what they eat, how youg owls learn and more.] [Ages 7-11]
Matsen, Brad Go Wild in New York City – Don’t let the title scare you away from this book. This could be almost any city. Back of book includes resources, an index, additional information and websites, a complete map of New York City, and information on the missions of the organizations involved whose mission is to bring attention to the need for sustainable development in urban environments. Kid friendly book with lots of science adventure in the “real” world.
Markle, Sandra Slippery, Slimy Baby Frogs (Ages 6-8) – [Baby frogs begin their lives in all kinds of surprising places — in foam nests, in pouches in their father’s legs, and hidden under wet moss. Some must fend for themselves from birth, while others are protected by parents with unique survival tactics. Brilliant color photographs reveal how tadpoles change from smooth, legless swimmers into colorful, air-breathing jumpers.]
Martin, Ruth A Kaleidopops Book: Oceans (Ages 5-8) [From giant squids that glow in the dark to the rainbow of hues cast by tropical reefs, budding marine biologists learn how color plays an important role in hunting, attracting mates, and hiding from predators. Sixteen incredible lenticular images literally leap off the pages and shimmer in the light, bringing the ocean to life in truly spectacular fashion. Complementing the pop-up thrills are gorgeous full-color illustrations and fascinating facts about marine life.]
Marzollo, Jean I Am A Rock 4-8
I’m A Seed
I Am an Apple
I Am Water
I Am a Caterpillar
Mc Carthy, Meghan City Hawk: The Story of Pale Male [a red-tailed hawk is spotted flying over Fifth Avenue (NY), and decides to settle down on the ledge of one of the Big Apple’s swankiest apartment buildings.] Ages 4-8
McClements, George Dinosaur Woods: Can Seven Clever Critters Save Their Forest Home? [Rojo and his pals have a problem: The forest where they live is about to be torn down and replaced with a Plas-Tic Trees factory. Have these crafty critters got what it takes to save their leafy home? Includes instructions for Build Your Own Dinosaur (no power tools necessary!) Environmental issues. Cooperation. Nature Preserve. (Ages 3-6)
McLimans, David Gone Wild: An Endangered Animal Alphabet (Caldecott Honor Book 2007) [Feast your eyes on these amazing creatures before they disappear. This stampede of wild animals, from Chinese Alligator to Grevy’s Zebra, are so rare, they’re all endangered. David McLiman’s bold and playful illustrations transform each letter into a work of art, graphically rendered with animal characteristics. Scales, horns, even insect wings transform the alphabet into animated life.] (Ages 6-10)
Gone Fishing: Ocean Life by the Numbers [Dive down to the depths of our planet’s oceans and see the stunning variety of creatures that call this watery environment home. These incredible marine animals and their ocean habitats are among our most precious and endangered resources. David McLimans uses fins, flippers, and tentacles to create numerical masterpieces. From the smallest tiger tail sea horse to the giant humpback whale, this aquatic menagerie will captivate readers of all ages as they count up to ten and back down again. McLimans also explores the powers of ten to showcase amazing ocean facts from one to one billion! ] (Ages 6-10)
McMillan, Beverly and John A. Musick Sharks (Insiders Series, July 2008) (Ages 8-12) [brings sharks and their relatives to life, with the most up-to-date information and state-of-the-art 3-D illustrations that practically leap off every page.]
McCully, Emily Arnold Squirrel and John Muir – Ages 6-8 [historical fiction/Floy “Squirrel” Hutchings and John Muir Yosemite 1868] [See Authors notes about Floy Hutchings]
Miles, Victoria Old Mother Bear [Through the seasons and over years, Old Mother Bear’s story unfolds. We watch her dig a winter den, give birth to three cubs, hunt for food, and defend her cubs against another bear. And we witness the cubs growing up, a bear growing old, and the imprint of her life upon the land. Includes substantial factual information on grizzly bears in an afterword.] Ages 6-9
Miller, Debbie S. A Caribou Journey 7-9 [Learn More: Caribou & Reindeer]
Survival at 40 Below 7-10 [As temperatures drop and the snow deepens, the animals that make the tundra home must ready themselves for survival. Follow the arctic ground squirrel as it begins the cycle of sleeping, supercooling, and warming that will occur at least a dozen times before spring arrives. See how the wood frog partially freezes itself in hibernation beneath layers of snow, or how the woolly bear caterpillars makes it through the winter months with a special antifreeze substance that prevents ice from forming in their bodies. Author’s note, glossary, map, additional sources.]
Miller, Edward The Tooth Book: A Guide to Healthy Teeth and Gums [Everything you need to know about keeping your pearly whites. Have a reluctant brusher? This is the book.]
Miller, Heather This is Your Life Cycle with special guest Dahlia the dragonfly (Ages 7-9) [In this hilarious and inventive picture book, your host, Bob Beetle, takes special guest Dahlia Dragonfly down memory lane, highlighting the most influential creatures and experiences during her time as a nymph. You’ll meet three mystery guests, who’ll share their personal stories about Dahlia, and along the way you’ll find out about the different stages of a dragonfly’s life, the various predators they face, what they eat, and other amazing facts. Filled with fun and humor, this book is as entertaining as it is informative.]
Moffett, Mark W. Face to Face with Frogs (National Geographic. Ages 7-11) You’re two inches away from a poison dart frog. You’re lying on the rainforest floor as she hops toward you, utterly fearless. This deadly terribilis frog has nothing to fear; your fear is that any accidental contact with your skin could mean death! Get the expert view on our amphibian friends, from metamorphosis to diet, from habitat to distinctive features; and learn why we urgently need to foster a healthier planet for these sensitive creatures.
Mortensen, Lori In The Trees, Honeybees! [This inside-the-hive view of a wild colony of honeybees offers close-up views of the queen, the cells, even bee eggs. The reader is left with admiration for the remarkable lives of honeybees, whether in the hive or in the field.] (Ages 4-8)
Moss, Miriam Jungle Song – Ages 6-8 [A little Tapir is woken by Spider and led deep inside the jungle following the beat of Spider’s song. Monkeys, firebirds, snakes, and insects all add their own rhythms to the music/lively rhyming text/endnote by David Bellamy talks about the importance of tropical rain forests. [Rain Forest: Resources/Lesson Plan/Activities]
Muir, John Stickeen: John Muir an the Brave Little Dog
Links to the John Muir Exhibit – Sierra Club John Muir Education Project
Murawski, Darlyne A. Face to Face with Caterpillars (Ages 9 and Up) [National Geographic] [encourages an active study of this intriguing insect: How to find caterpillars, how to raise a monarch, how to help preserve their habitats, how to photograph the caterpillar, and how to learn more; it’s all in this stunning and fun book.]
Murphy, Stuart Earth Day—Hooray! [great school math project/collect and recycle 5,000 aluminum cans/counting by/place value] Level 3, Ages 7 Up
Murrie, Steve and Matthew Every Minute On Earth – In the time it could take you to read this, the Earth will be hit by 6,000 lightning strikes; 2,137 pounds of popcorn will be eaten; 10,000 pieces of skin will be lost from your body; 21,000 pizzas will be baked; 954 camera phones will be sold worldwide; the International Space Station will travel 289 miles in its orbit around the Earth; and 750,000 gallons of water will tumble over Niagara Falls.
Muther, Connie My Monarch Journal – Student Edition
My Monarch Journal – Parent/Teacher Edition [will guide parent/teacher/young scientists in raising Monarchs, witnessing the amazing changes that occur, and then setting them free.]
National Audubon
Amphibians (First Field Guides)
Night Sky (First Field Guides)
Rocks and Minerals (First Field Guides)
Wildflowers (First Field Guides)
Birds (First Field Guides)
Insects (First Field Guides)
Shells (First Field Guides)
Nicklin, Flip and Linda Face to Face with Dolphins [Learn the difference between an orca and a bottlenose. Witness a dophin baby nursed with mother’s milk. Discover how these social mammals echolocate and communicate.] Ages 9-12
Nirgiotis, Nicholas Killer Ants [This intriguingly written and intricately ilustrated picture book about the varied appearances, development processes, habitats, social behavior, and hunting behavior of killer ants will make readers shudder deliciously with fear as they marvel at the ants’ extraordinary lives.] (Ages 8-12)
Nivola, Claire A. Planting the Trees of Kenya: The Story of Wangari Maathai (Ages 5-8) – With glowing watercolor illustrations and lyrical prose, Claire Nivola tells the remarkable story of one woman’s effort to change the fate of her land by teaching many to care for it. An author’s note provides further information about Wangari Maathai and the Green Belt Movement. In keeping with the theme of the story, the book is printed on recycled paper. {Learn more: Arbor Day Tree Lesson Plans]
Nguyen, Nam Kingdom: Savage Safari (Ages 7-10) – Africa is home to some of the animal kingdom’s most ferocious hunters and savages. Whether screeching through the rainforests, prowling the wide savannas, or lurking along rivers, these brutes make short shrift out of all who dare cross their paths. To dominate their realms and evade attackers, some beasts use massive strength and vicious claws while others rely on impressive speed and cunning tricks. What equipment and skills would you need to survive?
Kingdom: Micro Monsters (Ages 7-10) – Focus your eyes on the world of micro monsters, a realm teeming with creepy creatures that you never knew existed. From tiny insects feasting on plant matter to the nearly invisible beasts that infiltrate our bodies, there are more small criters living on Earth than all other types of animals combined. What does it take to survive in this strife-ridden realm, where cannibalism is common and enemies are indestructible?
Nye, Bill Big Blue Ocean 9-12
O’Brian, Patrick Joseph Banks: A Life [The Life and Works of Sir Joseph Banks, naturalist]
Olmstead, Adrienne My Nature Journal:
Personal Nature Guide for Young People 9-12
O’Meara, Donna Into the Volcano – Ages 9-12 [Author’s typical day as a volcano researcher/treacherous journey/photos/fascinating facts/glossary]
Osborne, Will and Mary Pope Osborne Rain Forests (Magic Tree House Research Guide) 7-9
Afternoon on the Amazon
Pallotta, Jerry The Skull Alphabet Book – Ages 9 Up [Skulls of animals from A to Z and science facts]
The Beetle Alphabet Book (2004) [T is for Tiger Beetle… U is for Underwater Beetle… V is for Violin Beetle. Interesting facts and vivid descriptions of the most diverse species on earth from A to Z]
Ocean Counting: Odd Numbers – Ages: 4-8 [Count from zero to 49 using odd numbers. Along the way, learn about fish and other animals from the Atlantic Ocean.]
Patent, Dorothy Hinshaw Animals on the Trail with Lewis and Clark 9 to 12 – animals recorded for the first time during the expedition of Lewis and Clark.
The Bald Eagle Returns 9 to 12 – The successful conservation effort to save the Bald Eagle.
Garden of the Spirit Bear: Life in the Great Northern Rainforest 7-10 – The Pacific coast of Canada’s garden of the bears is vanishing.
Big Cats (Ages 8 up) Facts about all big cats, from where they live to what they hunt to how they are threatened by humans.
When the Wolves Returned: Restoring Nature’s Balance in Yellowstone 6-10 – After the U.S. support of the extermination of wolves, by 1926 the wolves were gone from Yellowstone. More than a decade after scientists realized the wolves’ essential role and returned them to Yellowstone, the park’s natural balance is gradually being restored.
Pedersen, Janet Houdini the Amazing Caterpillar [Not just a book about the stages of a monarch butterfly’s metamorphosis, but a magical story about discovering the magic inside yourself.]
Patten, Brian The Blue & Green Ark: An alphabet for Planet Earth 4-8
Pericoli, Matteo The True Story of Stellina [Pericoli’s all-true story of how he and his wife, Holly, came to rescue and raise a little finch, Stellina, in the middle of New York City.]
Perry, Phyllis Sea Stars & Dragons
The Fiddlehoppers
The Snow Cats
The Crocodilians: Reminders Of The Days Of Dinosaurs
Armor To Venom
Hide And Seek
Bats: The Amazing Upside-Downers
Freshwater Giants
Peters, Lisa Westberg Our Family Tree: An Evolution Story [includes illustrated timeline and glossary]
Petersson, Cris Clarabelle [Everyone knows that cows produce milk, which is great for drinking and also is made into cheese, butter, ice cream, and yogurt. But also electricity, fertilizer, and compost for animal stalls? Yes, cows produce these too! A cow is in fact an amazing organism that transforms foods such as hay, corn, and soybean meal into all sorts of other useful products.] Ages 6 and up.
Pfeffer, Wendy A Log’s Life – Ages 4-8 [Oak tree falls in the forest. Decaying log provides food and shelter for …] 2000 Giverny Award Winner
Dolphin Talk: Whistles, Clicks, and Clapping Jaws – Ages 5-9 [Describes how dolphins communicate with each other in squeaks, whistles, and pops.]
Wiggling Worms at Work – Ages 5-9 [How worms help us as they wiggle their way underground]
Pimm, Nancy Roe The Heart of the Beast: Eight Great Gorilla Stories [enter th elives of eight famour gorillas with true-life stories that will take you to the heart of these often misunderstood and fascinating creatures.] (Ages 8-11)
Pirotta, Saviour Turtle Bay [based on true story/protected beach in Japan/Sea Turtles/
Platt, Richard The Vanishing Rainforest – Ages 6-10 [Why is the Brazilian rainforest vanishing so fast? And why is it essential not only to the people and animals within it but to the whole world?]
Pomeroy, Diana One Potato: A Counting Book of Potato Prints
Wildflower ABC: An Alphabet of Potato Prints
Post, Hans Creepy Crawlies [a young cat explores nature with fascinating details on the many creatures the cat encounters indoors and out.]
Prap, Lila (Lilijana Praprotnik) Why? [Why do some monkeys have tails? Why do camels have humps? Sound familiar? Distinctive and captivating art combines with silly questions, and some very, very silly answers (along with the serious ones), to make this the perfect book for your sometimes-ridiculous, ever-curious, loveable, maddening, why-afflicted zoologist.] Ages 3-6
Pratt-Serafini, Kristin Joy A Swim Through the Sea 4-12
A Walk in the Rainforest 9-12 & 6-9 Board Book
A Fly in the Sky 3-Up
Salamander Rain: A Lake and Pond Journal – Any Age
The Forever Forest: Kids Save a Tropical Treasure
Pringle, Laurence A Dragon in the Sky: The Story of a Green Darner Dragonfly (Ages 8-11)
An Extraordinary Life: The Story of a Monarch Butterfly (Ages 8-11)
Alligators and Crocodiles!: Strange and Wonderful (Ages 7-10) [Do you know the differences?]
Frogs! Strange and Wonderful (Ages 7-9)
Prosek, James Bird, Butterfly, Eel (Ages 5-8) [Change is all around us. From the first buds of springtime to the first autumn frost, nature shows us that change is all around us and that the world has its own way of beginning anew. Bird, Butterfly, and Eel spend their summers on the same coastal farm, but in the fall they go to very distant and different places. Their journeys to the far reaches of land and sea make them remarkable creatures.]
Quackenbush, Robert M. Here a Plant, There a Plant, Everywhere a Plant, Plant: A Story of Luther Burbank [Teacher Guide]
Quattlebaum, Mary Jo MacDonald Had a Garden [Sing along with young Jo MacDonald as she grows healthy food for people and wild creatures. E-I-E-I-O! Find out how butterflies, bumblebees, and birds help a garden to thrive – and how you can help them too. And keep an eye on one mysterious plant. What will it become? Youngsters learn about garden ecosystems and stewardship through this playful adaptation of Old MacDonald Had a Farm.] (Ages 3-7)
Rammell, S. Kelly City Beats: A Hip-hoppy Pigeon Poem (Ages 5-7) From a pigeon’s-eye view, a city is a marvelous place, full of adventure and surprise! See and feel a pulsing city from the unique perspective of a pigeon! In the process, the reader gains a new appreciation for this special bird that has chosen to live in urban canyons all over the world.
Ray, Mary Lny Welcome, Brown Bird (Ages 4-7) [wood thrush migration between New England and Central America]
Reed-Jones, Carol The Tree in the Ancient Forest 4-8
Reynolds, Cynthia Furlong The Far-Flung Adventures of Homer the Hummer – Ages 5 Up.
Sometimes the smallest creatures have the biggest and most extraordinary adventures. Homer, a ruby-throated hummingbird no bigger than your index finger, journeys from the lush, tropical rain forests of Costa Rica to an artist’s garden in Michigan. His journey and his life are full of danger, distance, and delightful friendships.
Renowned wildlife artist Catherine McClung and award-winning writer Cynthia Reynolds bring Homer’s journey to life. Why would a tiny fellow like Homer risk such a long and perilous flight? What adventures await him on his journey and what brings him home to the same spot each summer? Take flight with Homer and find out!
Reynolds, Peter H. Charlie and Kiwi: An Evolutionary Adventure [Presented by Peter Reynolds and FableVision and supported by a grant from the National Science Foundation, this is an easy to understand scientific adventure. Charlie and Kiwi (with help from great, great, great, great, great Grandpa Charles Darwin) take you on a journey through time and through a huge scientific principle. The story of evolution—and that strange little Kiwi bird—reminds us that sometimes what seems like a raw deal (a bird that can’t fly) turns out to be just perfect!] (Ages 4-8)
Ride, Sally and Tam O’Shaughnessy Mission: Planet Earth [A compelling introduction to the changes taking place in Earth’s climate. Describes how water, air, and other climate systems shape our world, and how a disruption in one part of the system can spread through the entire planet.] (Ages 11-14)
Mission : Save the Planet: 10 Steps Any Kid Can Take to Help Save the Planet [“Switch. Conserve. Make some noise.” A how-to companion packed with simple things kids can do to have an impact. From simple measures like turning off the water while you brush your teeth, to bigger challenges like MAKING SOME NOISE in the larger community, this simple guide helps lay a conceptual foundation for kids to become responsible energy consumers in the years to come.] (Ages 9-11)
Rinehart, Susie Caldwell Eliza and the Dragonfly [transformation from nymph to a dragonfly/metaphor for life/wetland habitat/observation skills/Includes lifecycle of dragonflies and a resource section] Ages 5-10
Rice, David Lifetimes (4-8) [“No Matter how short,/no matter how long,/No matter how big,/how smart or how strong,/All Life has a place,/a purpose and worth,/All life is important/on our planet earth.” Signed, The plants and animals of Lifetimes
Richardson, Justin And Tango Makes Three (Ages 4-8) [true story of two male penguins in the Central Park Zoo that decided that they were a couple and nurtured an egg.]
Riedman, Marianne Ph.D. The Adventures of Phokey The Sea Otter Based on a True Story
Rockwell, Anne Bugs are Insects – Ages 3-6 [simple concepts]
Honey in a Hive – Ages 5-9 [Buzzing from flower to flower, honeybees are busy gathering nectar and pollen. The nectar will be made into honey, and the pollen will feed their queen bee and her offspring back in the hive. Like people, bees form societies with leaders — the queen — and workers, and like people, their survival depends on every bee doing its part]
Wiggling Worms at Work – Ages 5-8 [Deep underground and on the surface, worms are hard at work! Worms work like little plows, burrowing through soil by swallowing it. As they make their way through the dirt, worms loosen the soil so roots can spread and grow. Worms eat the bits of leaves and plants mixed with the dirt and leave behind castings that feed the plants.]
Rohmer, Harriet Heroes of the Environment: True Stories of People Who Are Helping to Protect Our Planet (Ages 7-13) – This inspiring book presents the true stories of 12 people from across North America who have done great things for the environment. Heroes include a teenage girl who figured out how to remove an industrial pollutant from the Ohio River, a Mexican superstar wrestler who works to protect turtles and whales, and a teenage boy from Rhode Island who helped his community and his state develop effective e-waste recycling programs. Plenty of photographs and illustrations bring each compelling story vividly to life.
Rose, Deborah Lee Ocean Babies [beautifully illustrated/excellent for PreK- Age 6 introduction to ocean life/detailed endnotes and web links]
Rosing, Norbert Face to Face with Polar Bears [The ferocious, snarling beast closing in on you fast has a toothache. In the white wastelands of the Arctic, there is nowhere to hide. Where is that helicopter? Despite surviving this nightmare, award-winning photographer Norbert Rosing loves the charming, playful side of the polar bear. Yes, they slashed his tires, but mankind is now ruining their climate and environment. Surely the bears’ anger is understandable. Rosing’s book connects children with the consequences of global warming, and gives practical advice on how to help save our white-furred friends. Ages 9-12
Roth, Susan L. Great Big Guinea Pigs – Ages 5 Up – About 8 million years ago, guinea pigs weren’t sweet, cute, or little. During a bedtime story, one little guinea pig learns all about his very big ancestors, and how guinea pigs evolved into the lovable pets we have today. Fun and factual picture book brings to life the story of the great, big, prehistoric guinea pig.
Rusch, Elizabeth Will It Blow?: Become a Volcano Detective at Mount St. Helens (Ages 7 and up) [Mount St. Helens is a master of disguises, adept at sending out false clues. Can anyone figure out what’s going on with this active volcano in Washington State? This illustrated book presents a wealth of easily digested information – covering underground gases, earthquakes, infrared measurements, bumps on earth’s surface, and other factors – to help the budding Sherlock Holmes crack the case. With sidebars about the latest gadgets and gizmos, youngsters learn about volcanology while having fun.]
Ryan, Emma Animal Disguises (Level 2) {Did you know animals play hide-and-seek? Learn how animals from isects to lions use their natural disguises to hide in plain sight!]
Ryan-Herndon, Lisa Wild Amazon (RL3/Grades 2/3-longer sentences/some assistance needed) [Climb with monkeys. Swim with dolphins. Take a ride through the incredible Amazon!]
Sartore, Joel Face to Face with Grizzlies (Ages 9 and Up) [National Geographic] [Through stunning photography and engaging storytelling, this National Geographic expert takes you into the bears’ world. Witness a mother bear charge a human intruder. Watch male bears battle. Find out the grizzly’s idea of a fast-food take-out.]
Sayre, April Pulley Army Ant Parade – Ages 6-8 [Panamanian rain forest]
The Bumblebee Queen – Ages 6-8 [life cycle of the bumblebee, an important native pollinator of North America/follow one queen as she finds a nest, gathers nectar, lays eggs, and tends her colony through spring, summer, and fall.]
Stars Beneath Your Bed: The Surprising Story of Dust [fascinating introduction to dust, how it travels, whose is it? And how long has it been around?]
Trout Are Made of Trees [How can a leaf become a fish? Join two young children and their dads to find out, as they observe life in and around a stream. Energetic collage art and simple, lyrical text depict the ways plants and animals are connected in the food web. Back matter provides information about the trout life cycle as well as conservation efforts that kids can do themselves.] Ages 5-8
Trout Are Made of Trees Ages 5-7 [An interesting introduction to the food web.]
Turtle, Turtle, Watch Out! Ages 6-8 [From before the time she hatches until she returns to the same beach to lay eggs of her own, a sea turtle is helped to escape from danger many times by different human hands.]
Schaefer, Lola M. This is the Rain – PreK Up
Arrowhawk (Ages 6-9) [courageous story of Arrowhawk, an endangered bird of prey that survives 8 weeks after a poacher’s arrow pierces his body.]
An Island Grows – PreK Up [the story of the birth of an island, from the first red-hot glow of magma at the bottom of the ocean, to the flowing lava that hardens and builds up higher and higher until, finally, it breaks through the water’s surface. And then, life comes to the island. First come the small plants and animals, and later, people.]
Just One Bite [Life-sized introduction to what animals eat, how they eat it, and how much they eat in a single bite is full of compelling facts and images. From the tiny sand-grain-sized bite of earth that the earthworm takes to the double-gatefold spread of a sperm whale sucking a whole giant squid down in just one bite, this book and the eleven animals in it are EXACTLY as large as life!] (Ages PreS-Age 6)
Schimmel, Schim The Family of Earth – All Ages
Children of the Earth…Remember 4-8
Dear Children of the Earth :
A Letter from Home
The Butterfly’s Treasure
Schuch, Steve A Symphony of Whales – Ages 6-9 [Based on the actual events of the 1984/85 freeing of nearly 3,000 whales trapped in the Straits of Siberia.]
Schulman, Janet Pale Male: Citizen Hawk of New York City – The birdwatchers of Central Park were buzzing–a young red-tailed hawk had been spotted, would he stay? The bird they dubbed Pale Male not only stayed, he became one of New York City’s most famous residents. Pale Male and his mate built their nest near the top of one of Fifth Avenue’s swankiest apartment buildings. Nine years and 23 chicks later, Pale Male’s fame had grown so large that a CBS newsman named him Father of the Year! But Pale Male was less beloved by the residents of the building, and in 2004 the owners suddenly removed the nest–setting off an international outcry on behalf of the birds. Ages 6-12
Schur, Maxine Rose There’s a Babirusa in my Bathtub: Fact and Fancy about Curious Creatures [Humorous rhymes and magical illustrations illuminate the lives and careers of little-known animals. There’s a loris in your chorus? He’s quite a singer! Care to play bingo with a dingo? Watch out, he’s a sharp one. A babirusa in your bathtub? Better leave him there – he loves water! ] (Ages 7-10)
Schwartz, David, and Yael Schy Where Else in the Wild? (Ages 4-8) [Each of the camouflaged creatures on these pages, from chickadees to crayfish, is disguised for a reason. Some are on the prowl for prey, while others hide from hungry predators. Discover why geckos have a spooky reputation; why it pays for a mouse to have a dark-colored back and light-colored belly; and why you wouldn’t want to be fooled by a scorpion fish. Great fun for kids.]
Seidensticker, John and Susan Lumpkin Predators (Ages 9-13) INsiders brings predators to life, with the most up-to-date information and state-of-the-art 3-D illustrations that practically leap off every page, stimulating minds and imaginations in a whole new way. How does a scorpion sense its next meal? Why does an adaptable diet threaten the bear? How many animal groups can feast on one kill in the plains? Visually stimulating and compelling.
Serafini, Frank
[Learning Resources]
Looking Closely around the Pond [Look closely. Look very closely. Is it … a leaf? A net? Just turn the page and, lo and behold, it’s a dragonfly’s wing. Children will learn about dragonflies and many other creatures in this interactive book that encourages imagination and instills a respect for the natural environment.] Ages 4-7
Looking Closely in the Rain Forest [Look very closely. Is it … chestnuts? Sea coral? Just turn the page and, lo and behold, it’s a zebra tarantula. Children will learn about a variety of animals and plants in this interactive book that encourages imagination and instills a respect for the natural environment.] Ages 4-7
Seuss, Dr. The Lorax
Shaw McKinney, Barbara A Drop Around the World 4-8
Teacher Guide
Sidman, Joyce Swirl by Swirl: Spirals in Nature (Ages 5-8) [A Celebration of the beauty and value of spirals.What makes the tiny snail shell so beautiful? Why does that shape occur in nature over and over again—in rushing rivers, in a flower bud, even inside your ear? Krommes and Sidman not only reveal the many spirals in nature—from fiddleheads to elephant tusks, from crashing waves to spiraling galaxies—but also celebrate the beauty and usefulness of this fascinating shape.]
Sill, Cathryn About Mollusks (Ages 3-7) [reflects diversity of mollusk population from 16ft. Giant Pacific Octopus to an 8 in. Banana Slug/natural habitats/afterword provides details on mollusks features.]
About Marsupials (Ages 3-8) [Easy-to-understand language to each what marsupials are, how they look, how they move, what they eat, and where they live.]
About Arachnids (Ages 5-8) [basic introduction to eight-legged creatures.]
About Rodents [what rodents are, how they look, how they move, what they eat, and where they live. Introduces readers to a variety of rodents, from the tiny Eurasian Harvest Mouse to the hefty Capybara of South America. An afterword provides details on the animals featured. (Ages 5-8)
About Habitats: Oceans [a first glimpse into ocean habitats. In simple, easy-to-understand language, this guide teaches children what oceans are and what kinds of animals and plants live there. A glossary and afterword provide readers with further fascinating details.] (Ages 5-8)
Simon, Seymour Gorillas [How gorillas find good, communicate and play]
[Lesson Plan: Animal Communication]
SPIDERS – Ages 6-10 [introduction to the physical characteristics, behavior, and life cycle of different kinds of spiders/awesome photographs]
Penguins [explore a penguin’s world by finding out how they can swim so fast, what they eat, and why people need to protect their habitats.]
Singer, Marilyn Venom [Nature has given creatures many different ways to protect themselves and to capture prey so they can stay alive. Poisonous and venomous animals have some very effective methods: biting, stinging, spraying, or just oozing the toxic stuff. And these toxic critters can be found almost anywhere: in the oceans, in the woods, in the desert, in the rainforests, in the grass, and even in your house!] ( Ages 10-14)
What Stinks? [Uncovers the secrets of smelliness. What makes us hold our noses in disgust? Why do dogs like poop? How does nature use smell to attract and repel? Kid-friendly, but with a strong science emphasis.] (Ages 9-11)
EGGS [Explains the varieties, functions, and characteristics of the eggs of a multitude of creatures, including insects, birds, and reptiles.] Gorgeous book.
Caterpillars – Explore the dazzling diversity of the world’s caterpillars illustrated in hundreds of four-color photos. The charm of these larval forms of moths and butterflies is captured in verse and easy-to-follow narrative text. Discover caterpillars with bright colors and fake faces. See why their amazing patterns help caterpillars blend in with surroundings. Marvel at species that travel great distances in herds in search of food, and others that live alone. Learn why caterpillars are hungrier than teenagers, storing food energy for their transformation into butterflies and moths during metamorphosis, and why some birds and insects view caterpillars as the tastiest of treats. Includes glossary, index, and interactive quizzes.
Sirch, Willow Ann Eco-Women: Protectors of the Earth Ages 9-12
Careers With Animals Ages 9 and Up
Siy, Alexandraand Dennis Kunkel Mosquito Bite [As children play hide-and-seek on a hot summer night, a mosquito, Culex, hides and seeks as well. She must find food–blood–to nourish the eggs in her body. black-and-white photos relate the children’s hide-and-seek story line, while astonishing colorized photographs taken with an electron microscope give close-up views of Culex and her world.] Awesome book!
Sklansky, Amy E. Where Do Chicks Come From? Ages 4-8 [Get your incubators ready. This is a marvelous introduction to chicken/egg. Clear, accurate, simple text/fertilization to dry, fluffy baby chick/21 day incubation/suggested activities/full color drawings.]
Slavin, Bill Transformed: How Everyday Things Are Made [Discover how nature is transformed into more than sixty things we eat, drink, play with, wear or use every day. Includes a glossary, index and further resources to help children, parents and teachers.] (Ages 8-12)
Smith, Marie and Roland Z Is For Zookeeper: A Zoo Alphabet (Ages: 4-10) [fact-and fun-filled journey through cages, nurseries and zoo grounds/simple text for younger children; advance text and descriptions for older children]
Sobol, Richard The Life of Rice: From Seedling to Supper (Ages 7-10)[Follow a photographer to Thailand as he documents the life of rice—from planting ceremony to eating. This is a firsthand account of one of the world’s most valuable and important crops.
Sourd, Christine The Orangutan: Forest Acrobat Ages 5-9 [excellent photographs]
Spinelli, Eileen Songs for the Whooping Crane Ages 4-8 [endangered species/migration]
Polar Bear, Arctic Hare [collection of curious facts about each creature in a beautiful collection of poetry and pictures.]
Rise the Moon [Enchanting scenes of a moonlit night grace the pages of this ode to moon’s spell and splendor…. a tomcat yowling atop a fence, newly hatched turtles scuttling out to sea, a dancer performing a rooftop recital, and a young mother rocking her baby while bathed in moonlight.]
Stevens, Don and Donny Young The Adventures of Bruce Trail Enviro P.I.: “It Just Takes a Hand to Put the Trash in the Can” [The 3 Rs-Reduce, Reuse, Recycle. Become a Friend of Bruce]
Stewart, Melissa Under the Snow (Ages 4-8) – A cozy look at the ways animals behave on a snowy day and a beautiful portrait of the quiet life beneath our feet. Voles burrowing through the snow, carp swimming lazily beneath the ice, and the turles hiding in the mud are some examples of the animals that come to life in this book.
A Place for Butterflies (Ages 6-10) – This fact-filled, colorful look at the amazing world of butterflies includes a call to action to protect these beautiful insects.
Earthquakes and Volcanoes FYI (Ages 8-12) – Where do earthquakes happen? What was the biggest volcanic eruption? What causes these natural disasters? Can scientists predict when they’ll occur?
A Place for Frogs (Ages 6-10) – Shows how human activities can hurt or help frogs and other creatures that share our world.
A Place for Fish [introduces young readers to ways human action or inaction can affect fish populations and opens kids minds to a wide range of environmental issues. Describing various examples from Florida s spotted trunkfish to the Atlantic salmon the text provides an intriguing look at fish, at the ecosystems that support their survival, and at the efforts of some people to save them. At the end of the book, the author offers readers a list of things they can do to help protect these special creatures in their own communities.] Ages 5-7
A Place for BATS [introduces young readers to ways human action or inaction can affect bat populations and opens kids minds to a wide range of environmental issues. Describing various examples, the text provides an intriguing look at bats, at the ecosystems that support their survival, and at the efforts of some people to save them. At the end of the book, the author offers readers a list of things they can do to help protect these special creatures in their own communities.] (Ages 6-9)
Stillinger, Doug The Solor Car Book (2010) – Ages 8+ – complete kit for making a cook solar race car. Everything is included: wheels, axles, pulley, motors, wires and a genuine one-volt solar cell. Build the car today and it will last forever thanks to that big battery in the sky. Go green!
Strauss, Rochelle Tree of Life: The Incredible Biodiversity of Life on Earth [A family tree for all living things. If every known species on Earth were a leaf on a tree, the tree would have 1,750,000 leaves. Humans count for just one. Learn about the wonderful—and sometimes fragile—forms of life on its five branches.] [Ages 9 Up]
ONE WELL: The Story of Water on Earth – presents the concept that all water on earth is interconnected and finite–in billions of years, the amount of water on our “blue planet” hasn’t changed. Examines: water cycle, relationship of plants and animals to wwater, the nature of watery habitats, and effects of human use.
Swinburne, Stephen R. Safe, Warm, and Snug – Ages 3-7 [poetry] [camouflage,adaptation,difference]
Wings of Light: The Migration of the Yellow Butterfly (Ages 7-9)
Ocean Soup: A Book of Tide Pool Poems – Ages 7-9 – Playful poems introduce readers to ten salty tide-pool creatures–from a self-satisfied anemone that brags about its home to barnacles that perform a rap about their feeding technique.
Tatham, Betty Penguin Chick – Age 5-9
Taylor, Geraldine What Are Clouds Made Of? And Other Questions About The World Around Us (PreK) [“What do trees eat?” “Why is the sky blue?” “What do the birds say when they sing?” The first step in caring about the world around us is to understand what makes it so special. To find out the answers: flaps, tabs, and wheels reveal the answers in a way sure to engage children.
Taylor, Taylor The Frog House [a frog makes his home in an apple-shaped tree house and birds and animals try to move in. Based on true story.]
Thimmesh, Catherine Friends: True Stories of Extraordinary Animal Friendships [What makes a camel friends with a Vietnamese pig? Or a wild polar bear pals with a sled dog? In this young preschool book, Catherine Thimmesh makes us wonder at the truth and mystery of unlikely animal friendships. Because the stories behind these friendships are true, not contrived, captured by photographers in many countries ranging from Siberia to Japan, they not only give readers insight into animals but challenge preconceived notions about compatibility. This book also expresses tolerance of differences and makes us look at the kindness of animals—and humans—a little differently.] (Ages 6-9)
Thomas, Peggy For the Birds: The Life of Roger Tory Peterson [Roger Tory Peterson revolutionized the way we look at and appreciate birds, animals, and plants. Some kids called him “Professor Nuts Peterson” because of his dedication to his craft; yet he went on to create the immensely popular Peterson Guides, which have sold more than seven million copies, and which birders everywhere appreciate for their simple text and exquisite illustrations.] Ages 8 and up.
Thornhill, Jan This Is My Planet: The Kids’ Guide to Global Warming [What can I do? Jan Thornhill gives young readers the tools they need to live their own lives more ecologically — and ultimately, to improve the life of the planet.] Ages 6 and up.
Tokuda, Yukihisa I’m a Pill Bug – Age 3-7 [It’s rare to find a book about pill bugs for kids. This is a real treat.]
Toft, Kim Michelle One Less Fish
The World That We Want
Tomecek, Steve MOON A moonstruck cat and his firefly pal give the reader the real scoop about the moon—huge craters, moon dust, rocks, footprints and great views. Make your own craters from instructions on the experiment page. Visually inviting. A great way to learn science. Ages: 4-8
Tait, Noel Insects & Spiders (Insider Series, July 2008) (Ages 8-12) [most up-tp-date and state-of-the art 3D illustractions that literally leap off the page. Wow.]
Turner, Pamela S. The Frog Scientist (Ages 10-13) Discover how one boy’s interest in backyard science inspired a career in scientific discovery. Tyrone Hayes didn’t worry about pesticides. He just liked to collect frogs, and later found his calling in an amphibian research lab. While scientists around the globe discovered frogs were dying of habitat loss and disease, Tyrone learned the most commonly used pesticide in the United States, atrazine, might also play a role. When he tested it in his Berkeley lab, it caused some of the males to mutate into half-male, half-female frogs. He wanted to know what was happening and why, so he traveled America to do the research and find out.
Van Zandt, Steve River Song: With the Banana Slug String Band (picture book and CD) Ages 4-8 [from the trickle of snowmelt to the burble of a full-flowing stream, here the famed children’s musical ensemble, the Banana Slug String Band, celebrates rivers as a fascinating, ever-changing source of life and joy.]
Vern, Alex Where Do Frogs Come From? (Green Light Readers Level 2) Ages 6-8
Voake, Charlotte Insect Detective [Right now, all around us, thousands of insects are doing strange and wonderful things: wasps are building nests, ants are collecting food, and dragonflies are readying for the hunt. But it’s not always easy to catch sight of these six-legged creatures: you have to know where to look. Guided by this book, readers will happily become insect detectives and find out just what those bugs are up to.] Ages 5-8
Vogel, Carole G. Nature’s Fury: Eyewitness Reports of Natural Disasters Ages 9 Up
Wadsworth, Ginger Up, Up, and Away [One spider’s search for a home of her own. Remember how at the end of Charlotte’s Web, all of Charlotte’s babies said goodbye to Wilbur and blew away in the breeze? Did you ever wonder what happened to all those spider babies? Now you can find out. Follow Spider as she spills out from an egg sac on a warm spring day and begins her struggle to survive. She must escape the dangers of predators—including her own siblings!] Ages 4-7
Wallace, Karen Gentle Giant Octopus with Audio: Read, Listen, & Wonder Series (Ages 5-8) [Follow a goggle-eyed octopus as she jets through the shadows, long tentacles flying like ribbons behind her. In rhythmic, silky verse that perfectly matches this creature’s graceful movements, Wallace explores the mysterious underwater world of the octopus.]
Wallace, Nancy Elizabth Fly! Monarch, Fly! (Ages 4-8) [Join a family as they meet Bert the Butterfly Man, hunt for monarch butterfly eggs and caterpillars, and see the amazing change from pupa to adult monarch butterfly. Includes: advice for planting a butterfly garden, instructions for making a monarch magnet, and to learn more about monarchs.] They learn all about monarchs and milkweed, metamorphosis, and monarch migration.
Walsh, Ellen Stoll Dot & Jabber and the Great Acorn Mystery Ages 3-7
Dot and Jabber and the Mystery of the Missing Stream
Dot & Jabber and the Big Bug Mystery
Walsh, Melanie 10 Things I Can Do to Help My World: Fun and Easy Eco-Tips (Ages 3-7) [Do you remember to turn off the tap while you brush your teeth? How about using both sides of the paper when writing and drawing? Or planting seeds and nurturing the new plants as they grow? Bold, child-friendly illustrations and die-cut pages will draw even the youngest listeners to this gentle reminder of the easy, everyday ways we can be kinder to the earth.]
Waring, Geoff START WITH SCIENCE BOOKS – Ages 4 and Up
Just enough fun and facts to get them started. “Thinking about…” section in back of book. Fun illustrations, too.
Oscar and the Moth: A Book About Light and Dark
Oscar and the Frog: A Book About Growing
Oscar and the Cricket: A Book About Moving and Rolling
Oscar and the Bat: A Book About Sound
Webb, Sophie Far from Shore: Chronicles of an Open Ocean Voyage (Ages 9-12)[In extremely deep waters (two miles deep), the vast sea appears empty. But as naturalist and artist Sophie Webb shows us, it is full of fascinating—yet difficult to study—life. Together with her shipmates, Sophie counts and collects samples of life in the deep ocean, from seabirds to dolphins, from winged fish to whales. Only their long-term field work can really help scientists determine the health of these remarkable creatures who need the clean deep ocean to survive.] Should be in every school library.
Winchester, Simon The Day the World Exploded: The Earthshaking Catastrophe at Krakatoa (Ages 11 up) [ Eruptions. Explosions. Shock waves. Tsunamis. The almighty explosion that destroyed the volcano island of Krakatoa was followed by an immense tsunami that killed more than thirty thousand people. The effects of the waves were felt as far away as France, and bodies were washed up in Zanzibar. The colossal explosion is brought to vivid life from the ominous warnings leading up to the eruption to the wave of killings it provoked.
Winer, Yvonne Birds Build Nests [Nest Identification Guide in back] [poetry]
Frogs Sing Songs [Frog Identification Guide in back] [poetry]
“Frogs sing their songs,/ But polluted dark streams/ Threaten their future/ And our wilderness dreams./ That’s why frogs sing songs”
Wines, Jacquie You Can Save The Planet: 50 Ways You Can Make A Differnece (All Ages) [This book is a call to action for children everywhere. The effects of pollution, global warming, and the destruction of our planet have never been so visible or measurable. The book introduces and explains massive global problems that need to be addressed now.]
Wolf, Sallie Robin Makes a Laughing Sound: A Birder’s Journal (Ages 8-12) – Poetry, sketches, and watercolors capture bird identification, behavior, and appearance throughout the four seasons. At first glance this is a book about bird identification and behavior. But look more carefully: journaling helps us observe, think, evaluate, record, and create.
Wood, Lily BATS [A basic introduction to bats: where they live, what they eat, how they find prey by using echolocation, how they are different from birds, when they hibernate, when they migrate, how they help people, and how people can help them.] Level 1 reader.
Skeletons (Level 2) [There are over 200 bones in your body, and you need every one of them! Learn all about your skeleton in this book full of facts and photos.]
Zoehfeld, Kathleen Weidner From Tadpole To Frog (RL1) [full of facts and photos]
Zolotow,Charlotte When The Wind Stops 4-8
The Storm Book


What Genres Do Literary Agents Want?

Since agents work on commission, they are looking for books they can sell and make money from. Those don’t necessarily match what books are the best sellers. Some very popular categories don’t sell for high contract prices, meaning less commission to the agent. Agents are looking for the high dollar contracts. If you want to appeal to an agent, these are their most common requests:

1 Young Adult
2 Fantasy
3 Literary Fiction
4 Children’s
5 Science Fiction
6 Thrillers/Suspense
7 Middle Grade
8 Romance
9 Historical
10 Women’s FictionFacebookmail